nationalism and sectionalism n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Nationalism and Sectionalism PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Nationalism and Sectionalism

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 27

Nationalism and Sectionalism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 140 Views
  • Uploaded on

Nationalism and Sectionalism. Economic Growth v. Division. Economic Nationalism. Ambitious program to bring the nation together Included: A New National Bank Protect American Manufacturer’s against foreign competition Building canals and roads to improve transportation . National Bank.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Nationalism and Sectionalism' - urbain


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
nationalism and sectionalism

Nationalism and Sectionalism

Economic Growth v. Division

economic nationalism
Economic Nationalism
  • Ambitious program to bring the nation together
  • Included:
    • A New National Bank
    • Protect American Manufacturer’s against foreign competition
    • Building canals and roads to improve transportation
national bank
National Bank
  • Republicans originally opposed the idea of a national bank.
  • State banks during the War of 1812 wrote “bad” notes
  • The new legislation gave the Bank:
    • The power to issue notes
    • Notes would be national currency
    • The national bank would control state banks
protective tariff
PROTECTive Tariff
  • Tax on imported goods
  • Meant to PROTECT American manufacturing by increasing the cost of imported goods
  • Tariff of 1816
causes of the industrial revolution1
Causes of the Industrial Revolution
  • Protective Tariffs
  • Free Enterprise
free enterprise
Free Enterprise
  • Individuals acquire capital (money) and decide what to do with it
  • Companies in competition
causes of the industrial revolution2
Causes of the Industrial Revolution
  • Protective Tariffs
  • Free Enterprise
  • Factory System
factory system
Factory System
  • Replaced home-based workshops
  • Faster, more efficient production
causes of the industrial revolution3
Causes of the Industrial Revolution
  • Protective Tariffs
  • Free Enterprise
  • Factory System
  • Technological Advances
technological advances
Technological Advances
  • Interchangeable parts = manufacturing shifts from hand tools to complex machines
  • Cotton Gin = increase need in slavery = increased tensions between the north and the south
causes of the industrial revolution4
Causes of the Industrial Revolution
  • Protective Tariffs
  • Free Enterprise
  • Factory System
  • Technological Advances
  • Transportation Revolution
transportation revolution
Transportation Revolution

Controversial in the government, start of sectionalism

  • John Calhoun (Rep. from South Carolina) sponsored a federal internal improvement plan
  • Vetoed by Madison
    • Argued that spending money to improve transportation was not granted in the Constitution
    • Construction soon began, funded by states and private companies.
transportation revolution1
Transportation Revolution
  • Roads: National Road
transportation revolution3
Transportation Revolution
  • Railroads: “Iron Horse”
rise of large cities
Rise of Large Cities
  • Advantage: opportunities for different occupations
  • Disadvantages: dirty, crowded, disease, fire, crime, lack of local government = future corruption under political machines
effects of the industrial revolution1
Effects of the Industrial Revolution
  • Rise of Large Cities
  • Workers begin to Unionize
unions
Unions
  • Worker organizations bargaining for:
    • BETTER pay
    • BETTER hours
    • BETTER conditions
  • Little success in the beginning: unions were seen as “unlawful conspiracies that limited free enterprise”
effects of the industrial revolution2
Effects of the Industrial Revolution
  • Rise of Large Cities
  • Workers begin to Unionize
  • Growth of Industrial North
industry in the north
Industry in the North
  • Began in the Northeast
  • Swift-flowing streams provided factories with waterpower
  • Area was home to many entrepreneurs and merchants who were willing to invest
  • Industrialists soon applied factory techniques to the production of lumber, shoes, leather, wagons, etc.
effects of the industrial revolution3
Effects of the Industrial Revolution
  • Rise of Large Cities
  • Workers begin Unification
  • Growth of Industrial North
  • Growth of Land of Cotton, South
land of cotton south
Land of Cotton, South
  • Production of cash crops
  • Tobacco, Rice, COTTON
cotton is king
Cotton is King
  • Eli Whitney builds the Cotton Gin
  • Quickly and efficiently combed the seeds out of cotton bolls
  • Textile mills expanded in Europe = EXPORTS
  • 6,000 bales to 100,000 bales
  • In 1860 Southern cotton sold for a total of $191 million in European markets, 2/3 of the total export trade from the US
  • Demand for slave labor skyrocketed
slide27

CAUSES

EFFECTS

1. Rise of Cities

1. Protective Tariffs

Advantages: jobs

2. Free Enterprise

THE

INDUSTRIAL

REVOLUTION

Disadvantages: Crime & Corruption

4. Factory System

2. Unions

Response:

Not Recognized

5. Technological Advances

3. Growth of Industry in North

6. Transportation Revolution

SECTIONALISM

4. Land of Cotton in South