Functionalism and the Roots of Sociology. The historical background to Sociology. What were the circumstances surrounding the rise of Sociology in the 19 th century? What was their starting point? In other words, what did they perceive as the main problems facing the new industrial societies?
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The historical background to Sociology. What were the circumstances surrounding the rise of Sociology in the 19th century?
What was their starting point? In other words, what did they perceive as the main problems facing the new industrial societies?
What is the term Functionalists use to describe society’s basic needs?
What institutions or ‘agencies,’ did the early Sociologists identify as shouldering the biggest responsibility in meeting those needs?
What analogy do Functionalists use for human society?
What might the American Sociologist Talcott Parsons say about the education system? What might Emile Durkheim a contemporary hot potato like ‘integration?’
For Functionalists such as Murdock, the Nuclear Family is a universal feature of human societies the world over. After carrying our case studies into 250 human societies for his anthropological work ‘Social Structure,’ he proposed that this family type is
you might have with Parsons?