the antecedents of functionalism n.
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The Antecedents of Functionalism
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  1. The Antecedents of Functionalism

  2. The Functionalist Protest • Structuralism was too limiting • What does the mind do? • Functionalism is all about applying knowledge

  3. Evolution before Darwin • Plato and Aristotle • Christian thoughtDivine Creation • Erasmus Darwin • Set it and forget it • Jean Lemark • Environmental changes result in structural changes • Charles Lyell

  4. Humans and Ape-like creatures

  5. Charles Darwin (1809-1882) • Party Boy from Rich Family

  6. HMS Beagle • Captain Fitzroy was a deeply religious man • Trip lasted from 1831-1836

  7. Journey of the HMS Beagle

  8. Survival of the Fittest (or good enough)

  9. The constant battle between creationism and evolutionary perspectives exists today

  10. Darwin’s Contribution • A focus on animal psychology, which formed the basis of comparative psychology • An emphasis on the functions rather than the structure of functions • The acceptance of methodology and data from Many fields • A focus on the description and measurement of individual differences.

  11. Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) • Darwin’s Cousin • Hereditary Genius • Eugenics: Good genes

  12. Statistical methods • Mental tests • Association of Ideas • Mental Imagery • Arithmetic by Smell

  13. George John Romanes (1848-1894) • Anecdotal method: the use of observational reports about animal behavior. • Introspection by analogy: a technique for studying animal behavior by assuming that the same mental processes that occur in the observer’s mind also occur in the animal’s mind/

  14. Romanes believed cats were the most intelligent of all creatures

  15. Ontogeny recapitulates Phylogeny

  16. C. Lloyd Morgan • (Lloyd Morgan’s Canon). The notion that animal behavior must not be attributed to a higher mental process when it can be explained by a lower mental process