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Humanistic psychology/pedagogy 1

Humanistic psychology/pedagogy 1

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Humanistic psychology/pedagogy 1

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  1. Humanistic psychology/pedagogy 1 • Also called the third force • A wide variety of theories and modes of understanding people • Distinctive characteristics of contemporary humanistic p: • Dissatisfaction with pathology- centered theories and behaviorism (classical psychoanalysis - positivism- Skinner) • Recognition of the human potential to grow, to be self-determining, and to exercise choice and responsibility • A belief that people do not live by bread alone, but also by higher needs, such as learning , work, love, creativity and the like • A valuing of feelings, desires, and emotions instead of objectifying or explaining away these responses TE Humanistic theories ISP -UIO

  2. Humanistic psychology/pedagogy2 • Philosophical basis: Existentialism Kierkegård -Sartre -Heidegger • Optimistic and positive view • Every person is free to make choices based on there basic values and beliefs • Choices will involve consequensis - personal and solidary. • Choices can be either responsible or irresponsible TE Humanistic theories ISP -UIO

  3. Humanistic psychology/pedagogy3b • Human beings have an innate tendency to move toward higher levels- toward self- actualization. When a person “stop” it’s due to some conditions. (Maslow -basic needs, Rogers -emphaty) • Accepting responsibility for one’s own actions and experiences • An existential or here and nowperspective • Some central names: C.Buhler, Uri Bronfenbrenner, Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, William Glasser. TE Humanistic theories ISP -UIO

  4. Maslow: Basic needs hierarchy • Self-actualization needs • The Esteem needs • The belonginess and love needs • The safety needs • The physiological needs TE Humanistic theories ISP -UIO

  5. HP: Maslow -Safety needs 5 TE Humanistic theories ISP -UIO

  6. HP: Maslow: Belongingness and love needs 6 • To cover this needs sufficiently doesn’t happen in a vacuum, but when several people cooperate and communicate • It involves giving and receiving affection • hunger for group-feelings • for contact • for real togetherness • to mean something for others as well as be valued TE Humanistic theories ISP -UIO

  7. 1. Desire for strength, achievement, adequacy, mastery, competence, confidence in face of the world,independence and freedom 2. Desire for reputation or prestige (esteem or respect from other people), status, fame and glory, dominance, recognition, attention, importance, dignity or appreciation HP: Maslow:The esteem needs 7 TE Humanistic theories ISP -UIO