Ivan Pavlov IB Psychology. By: Alejandro Canahuati. Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was born on September 14, 1849 in the village of Ryazan, Russia. H e was the son of Peter Dmitrievich Pavlov, the village priest. .
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Ivan PavlovIB Psychology By: Alejandro Canahuati
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov was born on September 14, 1849 in the village of Ryazan, Russia. • He was the son of Peter DmitrievichPavlov, the village priest.
Pavlov went to Church school, and was later enrolled in a theological seminary where men and women are prepared to serve Jesus Christ in ministries marked by faith. After reading “The Origin of the Species” by Charles Darwin, and the works of Russian physiologist Sechenov, Pavlov decided to abandon his theological studies and become a science man. Little did he know he would be in history for ever.
His next step was entering the University of St-Petersburg, where he enrolled in the Natural Sciences program. • At that point in his life hebegan to see his interest towards physiology, it became his favorite subject.
Not long after Pavlov produced with a student, a work for which he was awarded a gold medal. On ”The Physiology of the Pancreatic Nerves” for which he was awarded a gold medal.
Pavlov completed his course and received the degree of Candidate of Natural Sciences, • Shortly after he attended the Academy of Medical SurgeryPavlov earned another gold medal for his work and later on, a fellowship. • He also was director of the physiological clinic of S. P. Botkin.
At the physiological clinic of S. P. Botkin Pavlov presented his thesis for which he was later awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine physiology (1904) on The Centrifugal Nerves of the Heart.
1890 Pavlov, was asked to manage the organization and head the Department of Physiology at the Institute of Experimental Medicine.
Later that same year Pavlov was also chosen Professor of Pharmacology at the Military Medical Academy. • Pavlov remained for the rest of his life at the Institute, where he also would accomplish his most successful and recognized study on the digestive system.
Pavlov began a study on the physiological effects of eating in dogs, where he began studying digestion. • He found curious how dogs would salivate
Due to his interest he began to place meat powder or other pieces of food on the dog's tongue, waiting for the salivation to occur. • His curiosity and foresight made his study possible and so he began a series of test.
He began to see that the dog started to salivate as soon as he entered the room, which was before any food was even in sight and since salivation in any animal is a reflex, Pavlov decided to search deeper into the training of dogs.
This remarkable study introduced the term of classical conditioning into the world of psychology. • Also known as Pavlovian or respondent conditioning • It is a form of associative learning.
The study consisted of a combination of condition stimulus, unconditioned stimulus and finally a conditioned response.
It began with several test in order to discover what could trigger the dog into learning when food was coming. • The most successful of them being the bell.
Pavlov discovered every time he rang the bell, eventually the dog started to salivate. • He adapted the bell as a sign of food coming.
This study also gave a new insight to how behavior can be controlled even in animals. The interest taken of animal gave a huge impact of centuries to come.
Animals became a whole new world of study. • They were even being taught in an experiment to use as guided missiles in world war II
Pavlov´s achievements are known word wide, as for his famous study, created by an accidental curiousness. • Ivan is known as one of the greatest physiologist for his great contributions to the world of psychology.
Reference video of Ivan Pavlov´s study http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hhqumfpxuzI http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjegortAhHA
Bibliography • http://www.ivanpavlov.com/ • http://www.essortment.com/all/pavlovdogs_oif.htm • http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1904/pavlov-bio.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_conditioning