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A presentation created by Joe Laufer. Burlington County and The American Revolution. Battle of Trenton – December, 1776 Battle of Monmouth – June, 1778. AMERICAN REVOLUTION 1775-1783 Begins with the Battles of Lexington and Concord near Boston in April, 1775

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battle of trenton december 1776 battle of monmouth june 1778
A presentation created by Joe Laufer

Burlington County


The American Revolution

Battle of Trenton – December, 1776

Battle of Monmouth – June, 1778

  • 1775-1783
  • Begins with the Battles of Lexington and Concord near Boston in April, 1775
  • British surrender at Yorktown in 1781
  • Treaty of Paris ends the war in 1783

The Thomas Paine House became the home of the fiery pamphleteer in 1783. Paine's "Common Sense;' published in early 1776, began "These are the times that try men's souls.“ His words and spirit heartened many a patriot in the early days of the Revolution.

Statue of Thomas Paine

Prince St. at the waterfront

Bordentown, NJ

thomas paine statue
Thomas Paine Statue
  • Location: At the corner of Prince St. and Park St. close to the Delaware River embankment.
  • Significance - The Bordentown Historical Society was responsible for initiating and constructing only the third public monument to Paine in the U.S. This statue was unveiled and dedicated with much fanfare and half the national colonial war re-creation forces on June 7, 1997 (the weekend of the 188th anniversary of Paine's death). The Inscription on the base reads: "Thomas Paine - 1737-1809 - Father of the American Revolution". The statue was sculpted by Lawrence Holofcener.
more on thomas paine
More on Thomas Paine…
  • The statue features Paine standing with one foot resting up on a rock bearing the inscription "We have in our power to begin the world over again," from his book Common Sense, which inspired the colonists to war on behalf of democratic rights and independence, and not just a tax rebellion. Paine is depicted holding a copy of Common Sense in one hand and gesturing forward with the other. At his feet are his other great works, The Age of Reason, Rights of Man and American Crisis, as well as his musket.

The statue creates the first memorial to Common Sense, which exemplifies the American Revolution. The memorial depicts Paine as both author and soldier. Paine wrote Common Sense in the fall of 1775, in support of representative government, democracy and equality for all. He is credited in some circles with ghost-authoring the Declaration of Independence. This transformed America's mission from a rebellion against taxation into a struggle for independence and self-determination. Paine donated the proceeds from Common Sense to the Revolution. In 1776-77, Paine fought in the army as an Aide-de-Camp for General Greene. In 1777 he was appointed Chairman to the Committee on Foreign Affairs.

  • Another aspect of Paine's legacy is that he is credited with devising the cantilevered bridge.
Farnsworth at Park St. intersection, Bordentown

Each building at this historic corner figures significantly into our area's Revolutionary War history. The Francis Hopkinson House was the home of one of New Jersey's five signers of the Declaration of Independence. Occupied by the enemy on several occasions, it was spared the torch by a scholarly Hessian officer who was impressed with Hopkinson's library.

Facing the Hopkinson House, across Farnsworth, stands the Patience Lovell Wright House, home of the noted American sculptor. Carried to England and the court of George III by her talent, Patience Wright reportedly gathered information helpful to the American Cause during the Revolution.

The Borden House

Next to the Wright House, across Park St., stands the home of Col. Joseph Borden, or rather the house built upon the foundations of Borden's home which was burned by the British in May 1778.

Across Farnsworth from Borden House stood Hoagland's Tavern, a center for the 2,000 Hessians and Scotsmen billeted in Bordentown under Col. Kurt von Donop in December 1776. Had these troops not been lured southward just prior to Washington's attack on Trenton, they might easily have reached the 1,500 Hessians quartered in Trenton and turned Washington's victory there into a devastating defeat.

Site of Hogland Tavern

A marker at the near left corner of the intersection of Beverly Rancocas Rd. and Kennedy Way states that at the pinnacle of the rise stood, in Revolutionary times, a mansion called Franklin Park, the private residence of William Franklin, the illegitimate son of Benjamin, and the last Royal Governor of New Jersey. As much a loyalist as his father a patriot, Franklin was imprisoned in Burlington in 1776 and chose exile to England when American independence was won.
City of Burlington

206 High Street

At this place stood the little print shop in which Benjamin Franklin printed New Jersey currency in 1728, and from which Isaac Collins issued the State's first newspaper "The New Jersey Gazette" on 5 December 1777.

Temple B’nai Israel, 212 High St., the building to the left, built in 1916, is one of the oldest synagogues in South Jersey.

Originally settled in 1677, Burlington served, along with Perth Amboy, as New Jersey's provincial capital from 1703 to 1776. As the seat of the king's government Burlington boasted, among other things, a fine governor's mansion and a well appointed stone barracks. Because of these ties to England, the city was the home of many ardent Tories including the mayor, John Lawrence, who lived at (what is now) 459 High St. Lawrence, who entertained Hessian officers in this house, was later imprisoned for his loyalty to the crown.

Old St. Mary's Church (corner Broad & Wood) had been chartered by Queen Anne in 1703. Its rector during the Revolution, Dr. Jonathan Odell, was so outspoken a Tory that he was once forced into hiding to save himself from an angry band of Burlington patriots.

The Revell House, built in 1685, is the oldest identified structure in Burlington County. Traditionally, it was from this house that an old woman gave gingerbread to a hungry Benjamin Franklin on his first trek to Philadelphia.
The Blue Anchor Inn

Corner of High and Broad Streets


The Blue Anchor Tavern was established in 1750 and was one of the most popular gathering places in South Jersey. British and American troops used it during the war.

On July 3, 1776, The Declaration of Independence was read from the steps of the Blue Anchor Inn to the residents of the City of Burlington.

It was later known as the Belden House and the Metropolitan Inn.

It was recently rehabilitated and has retail space on the lower level and 16 affordable housing apartments on the upper levels. It is an example of “adaptave reuse” to preserve the historic architecture of this building.

Capture of Hessians at Trenton, December 26th, 1776

John Trumbull - 1794

The Passage of the Delaware

Thomas Sully – 1819

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Washington Crossing the Delaware George Caleb Bingham - 1871

Washington Crossing The Delaware, December 1776

Museum at Washington Crossing State Park, N.J.

The Swan Historical Foundation in 2000 commissioned Lloyd Garrison, an artist from

Red Bank, NJ to prepare a historically correct rendering of the crossing (on a ferry, not a Durham boat). Washington is seated, and his generals (Sullivan and Greene) are with him. The image is accurate as historical research and current knowledge of this event permits.

crosswicks quaker meeting
Crosswicks Quaker Meeting
  • The meeting house was built in 1773. It served as the command post, on 29 December 1776, of the American Col. Silas Newcomb prior to his troops' engagement in the second Battle of Trenton.
dunk s ferry
Dunk’s Ferry
  • Near this point, George Washington planned a second crossing of the Delaware to occur simultaneously with his own, north of Trenton. 1,500 men, under General Cadwalader were ordered to cross here, at Duncan Williamson's, "Dunk's" Ferry and attack the Hessians in Burlington County on Christmas night 1776. Finding the river impassable and the bank insurmountable, however, Cadwalader was forced to return his troops to the Pennsylvania shore-thus precluding a major confrontation in Burlington County.
dunk s ferry1
  • Location: At the end of Manor Road on the Delaware River bank across from the gazebo.
  • Significance - The monument was dedicated on September 20, 1975 by the City of Beverly Bicentennial Committee. It reads: Near this site one of our country's first ferries was operated from circa 1695 to late 19th C. During Revolutionary Times it was used by Washington and his troops. This area was called "Dunks Ferry" before Beverly was founded.
black horse columbus
Black Horse (Columbus)
  • Columbus, then called Black Horse, was the southernmost knot - in the string of posts the British had flung across New Jersey in the wake of Washington's 1776 retreat to Pennsylvania. Along with others stationed at Princeton, Trenton, Bordentown, and Rising Sun, the Hessians at Black Horse assumed that the Americans were settled in across the Delaware for the winter and prepared themselves for a quiet occupation of Burlington County.
Black Horse to Lower Springfield

At his command post in Bordentown, Count von Donop had received reports on 19 December 1776 that an American force of nearly 3,000 men was gathering at Mount Holly and preparing to march north. The reports acquired new validity when, on 21 December, a Hessian outpost stationed at Petticoat Bridge was attacked by an American detachment of some 400 men. The Hessians, many of them wounded, fled back to Black Horse following the skirmish convinced that a much larger American force was on the way. On 22 December, von Donop came to Black Horse to assess the situation. Fearing that a surprise attack by the Americans would trap his troops against the river at Bordentown, he ordered his forces stationed there and at points south, to march on Mount Holly. In reality, the Americans at Mt. Holly under Col. Samuel Griffin numbered only 600. Hidden amidst the trees south of Petticoat Bridge, however, they appeared to be many more when they opened fire on the advancing Hessian troops on 23 December. Following their initial barrage, the Americans retreated for Mt. Holly and safety, south of the Rancocas.

Hessian surgeons ordered their wounded carried inside following the skirmish at Petticoat Bridge.

Copany Meeting

Lower or “Old” Springfield Friends

Jobstown-Jacksonville Rd. (Rte. 670)

mount holly revolutionary cannon
Mount Holly Revolutionary Cannon
  • Location: On the front lawn (south side) of the Olde Court House at 120 High Street, Mt. Holly.
  • Significance - Despite the fact that the plaque on the cannon states that it was manufactured in Mt. Holly, it is a baseless legend. It is certain that the Mount Holly Iron Works was not equipped to cast anything as large as a cannon. Nevertheless, the Mount Holly Iron Works contributed significantly to the war effort. The canon was mounted in its present place by Washington Camp No. 71, P.O.S. of A. of Mount Holly in 1915. For many years it had been buried at the northeast corner of the grist mill, serving as a fender to keep wagon wheels away from the foundation. It is positively known that two cannon were captured in Mt. Holly by the British and afterwards abandoned.
  • No positive proof can be produced that the Court House cannon saw action with the American forces fighting in Mount Holly a few days before the battle of Trenton, but the affirmative evidence agrees perfectly with the known facts. The Americans had two light guns, and two light guns were captured by the Hessians. They were abandoned later, and it is certain that they were first disabled. Two cannon were found, probably in the vicinity of the mill, where the fighting was intense. One has been lost, the other, fortunately preserved, was deliberately damaged so it could not be used as a weapon. The logical conclusion identifies the Court House cannon as one of the two captured and abandoned here by Ewald on December 26, 1776. As the last grist mill was built soon after the Revolution, it is not a fantastic assumption that the workmen found the cannon where it had been left by the Hessians, and that it was then placed in the position it occupied before its removal to the Court House lawn.
Mount Holly Revolutionary War Cannon

Located on the grounds of the Historic Mt. Holly Courthouse

Mount Holly Quaker Meeting House - 1716 - Current building: 1775

Restored in 1999 with the help of a major Historical Preservation grant through the New Jersey Historic Trust and other funding.

Location: 81 High St., corner of Garden St.

Mount Holly figured prominently in the American Revolution. British Troops

Were quartered here on several occasions. At least one skirmish between

American and British Troops is recorded. Stephen Girard, the famous financier and merchant lived here during the British occupation of Philadelphia

Pictured is the "Mount" to which Count von Donop ordered his troops and guns on 24 December 1776 and from which the Hessians opened fire on the town and the Americans, across the Rancocas on Iron Works Hill. Following a daylong barrage, the enemy invaded Mount Holly to find the Americans again on the run, this time along the road to Moorestown. Satisfied with their "victory" and more than ready to enjoy their Christmas, the Hessians were quick to locate the village taverns. Their celebration was finally interrupted on the morning of 26 December by the dull thunder of distant guns-the Battle of Trenton was being fought, and lost, without them.
Iron Works Hill

St. Andrew’s Cemetery,

Pine St.

battle of iron works hill monument
Battle of Iron Works Hill Monument
  • Location: In St. Andrew's Cemetery on Pine Street, Mt. Holly. The monument can be seen from Pine Street. There is an historical marker along the fence, and off in the background you will see the monument and flag. Direct access is possible by entering the cemetery grounds through the pillared gate.
  • Significance - Mount Holly had a role in the famous Battle of Trenton. Just before Christmas Eve, 1776, about 2000 Hessians and Scots under General vonDonop chased some New Jersey militia down Jacksonville Road from Bordentown into Mount Holly and made a mess of the place. The town was sorely used during the next few days by these mercenaries. But the joke was on them -- while they were busy dawdling in Mount Holly, George Washington's army was completing its crucial victory over the remaining Hessian forces at the Battle of Trenton - turing the tide of the American Revolution.
  • The text on the plaque affixed to the stone monument reads: "Here on December 23, 1776 was fought the Battle of Ironworks Hill. This diversionary tactic aided Washington to capture Trenton."
The Thomas Budd House - 1744

20 White Street in Mill Race Village, Mount Holly

Currently the home of “Uniquely Native” it was headquarters of the Colonial Militia at the time of the Battle of Iron Works Hill

Sailor – Merchant – Banker - Philanthropist


1750 – 1831

Bordeaux, France

West Indies


Mount Holly

  • Financed War of 1812 for USA
  • First Bank of the U.S
  • Stephen Girard Bank
  • Second Bank of the U.S.
  • Endowed Girard College
  • Girard Avenue, Phila.

In 1776, he met, courted, and eventually married an eighteen-year old beauty, Philadelphia native, Mary Lum. Girard was then approaching his twenty-seventh birthday. Outweighing his need to tend to business was Girard's attachment and passion for Mary. Returning to France and continuing his sea life took a back seat to spending time with his new wife.

stephen girard in mt holly
Stephen Girard in Mt. Holly

Shortly after Girard married Mary Lum, he purchased a home at 211 Mill Street in Mount Holly, New Jersey. There they lived and established a store selling sundry items to the locals, at the same time selling provisions to the American revolutionaries — which annoyed the British greatly. Girard had embraced the American bid for liberty, but in so doing, also saw opportunity for profit. He continued his business dealings in Mount Holly as the war raged about him in New Jersey.

Girard House

211 Mill St.

Mount Holly

As the British left the Mount Holly area, Stephen Girard and his wife moved back to Philadelphia where their business flourished in 1777 and 1778. While enjoying his profits as a Philadelphia merchant, Girard was also acquiring a fondness for the city itself and its stimulating environment.

The Durham Boat

It is estimated that sixteen Durham boats, each holding up to 35 men, were utilized

in the crossing. Five separate crossings were required to transport Washington’s

2366 soldiers across the Delaware River. Artillery and horses were put on ferrries

since the design of the Durham boat was not practical for that purpose.

The Battle of Princeton

January 3, 1777

On January 3, 1777, the peaceful winter fields and woods of Princeton Battlefield were transformed into the site of what is considered to be the fiercest fight ofits size during the American Revolution. During this desperate battle, American troops under General George Washington

surprised and defeated a force of British

Regulars. Coming at the end of "The Ten Crucial Days" which saw the well-knownnight crossing of the Delaware River and two battles in Trenton, the Battle of Princeton gave Washington his first victory against the British Regulars on the field. The battle extended over a mile away to the College of New Jersey(now Princeton University).

delaware river incidents may 1778
Delaware River IncidentsMay, 1778
  • Burlington Wharf
  • Fieldsboro (White Hill)
  • Bordentown
The Burlington Wharf which stood at the foot of High St. was bombarded by marauding British frigates on 8 May 1778. Before opening fire, the British had taken the trouble to warn some small boys and their dogs to vacate the streets.

The "White Hill Mansion" was the 18th Century home of the American patriots Robert and Mary Field. An early activist for the American cause, Field was to die shortly after the Revolution began, leaving his wife alone to protect her young family through the ravages of war. More than once her home was occupied and she was frequently interrogated for her alleged patriotic activities.As a result of the British army's capture of Philadelphia in the fall of 1777, most of the American navy, which had been stationed on the Delaware, became trapped upstream. For lack of a better place to moor, the vessels stood at the foot of White Hill in the spring of 1778, near the Field landing. In early May word reached the area that a detachment of British ships was sailing up the river to seize the American fleet and the inhabitants of this tiny community, acting under orders, took the only course open to them to prevent the seizure. When the British reached White Hill on 6 May 1778 they found the riverfront ablaze-local patriots having put the torch to each and every vessel.

bordentown wharf
Bordentown Wharf
  • At the foot of the bluff stood, at the time of the American Revolution, the bustling Bordentown wharf. In an attempt to destroy a portion of the British fleet stationed at Philadelphia during the winter 1777-78 a number of floating explosive devices (wooden kegs filled with gunpowder) were launched from this point. The episode was later recounted by Francis Hopkinson in his poem "The Battle of the Kegs" in which he observed,

"The kegs, 'tis said, tho' strongly made,of rebel stayes and hoops, sirCould not oppose their powerful foes,The.Conque'ring British Troops, sir:"

  • Although a failure militarily, the kegs came to symbolize American ingenuity and spirit, and in Hopkinson's satirical lines they provide an early glimpse of American humor.
June 19 – 23, 1778

British Retreat from Philadelphia to Raritan Bay and NY via Burlington County– intercepted by Washington at Monmouth Courthouse on June 28th, 1778.

Approaching Burlington County the British split into two columns at the former Ellisburg Circle (Rt. 70 & Rt. 41 – Kings Highway) before rejoining at Mt. Holly.

Gen. Henry Clinton thru Mt. Laurel, and Eayrestown

Gen. von Knyphausen & Hessians thru Moorestown and Hainesport.

From Mt. Holly they proceeded thru Mansfield into Chesterfield and on into Monmouth Co.

Mount Laurel Meeting - 1694; 1717; 1760 (e); 1798 (w)

Located at the intersection of Moorestown-Mount Laurel Road and Hainesport-Mount Laurel Road.

Operated under the Moorestown Meeting.

An Active Meeting.

In June, 1778, British Troops on the way to Freehold temporarily took over the new portion.

Built of New Jersey Sandstone quarried on “Evan’s Mount” (across the street). Two subsequent sections replaced the 1717 structure in 1760 and 1798 successively.

revolutionary mt laurel
Revolutionary Mt. Laurel

Mount Laurel played a small part in the American Revolution. Although no bloody battles were fought on Township ground, the American troops, led by General Washington, and the British forces, led by General Clinton, did pass through the area and camped here en route to meeting each other for battles elsewhere in New Jersey.

Washington led over 20,000 men (about half the current population of Mount Laurel) through the area from Philadelphia, and Clinton's army numbered about 15,000. It is reported that Washington's army did camp here for over a month; Clinton's for a few days.

General Clinton used a nearby tavern as the headquarters and a hospital for wounded soldiers. Other soldiers climbed trees on the 100 foot mount to see the location of Washington's army. When Washington came, the British headed northeast until they were confronted to fight at the famous Battle of Monmouth.

The Clinton House

Hainesport-Mt. Laurel Road

This house, which dates back to 1744, when it was probably used as a tavern, is located on Hainesport-Mount Laurel Road, not far from the Quaker Meeting House. General Sir Henry Clinton used this house as his headquarters on June 19, 1778. The eastern end was added in 1784. The second window on the right upstairs as one faces the house from the street, replaces the "corpse door", a necessity in houses where staircases either spiraled or were too narrow to allow a coffin to pass. The house sits quartered to the road in the direction of the original Indian paths. The home is presently integrated into the Ramblewood Farms development.

Smith-Cadbury Mansion

12 High Street, Moorestown

As the British moved through Moorestown, General von Knyphausen and other Hessian officers stayed here. Two legends arose out of the stay: one, that the Hessians plucked and cooked chickens in the family’s parlor; and two, that Knyphausen had abominable table manners, choosing to eat with his hands rather than silverware.

Other Hessians stayed at what is today known as the Hessian House at Main and Schooley Avenues


Friends School and Meeting House

North corner of Chester and Main Streets, across from current Friend’s School

The Hessians encamped in and around here on the night of June 19, 1778. At that time there was a meeting house here. The current meeting house, across the street, was built after the Revolutionary War.

hainesport rt 537 bridge
Hainesport: Rt. 537 Bridge
  • At this spot over the Rancocas River, local Patriots destroyed a bridge to impede the British march across New Jersey after Clinton’s evacuation of Philadelphia in 1778. Clinton’s secretary recorded the incident like this:

“At a small distance from…[Mount Holly] a bridge was broken down by the rebels which, when our people were repairing, were fired upon by those villains from a house, two of which were taken prisoners, three killed and the other two ran into the cellar and fastened it so we were obliged to burn the house and consume them in it.”

The Battle of Long Bridge –June, 1778

Bridge over the Rancocas at Hainesport during Clinton’s evacuation of Philadelphia

mount holly
Mount Holly
  • During their retreat, when Clinton and von Knyphausen rejoined in Mt. Holly, they burned the Iron Works.
  • They set up headquarters in the 1775 Quaker Meeting House at the corner of High and Garden Streets, also using it as a comissary.
  • They used the Brainerd St. Schoolhouse as a stable for their horses.
  • They burned down John Brainerd’s church – perhaps in retaliation for his outspoken support of independence from the pulpit.
Mt. Holly Quaker Meeting

Corner of Garden and High Streets

Used as Commissary by British Troops

The Old School

35 Brainerd Street

Used by retreating British troops as a stable for their horses in June, 1778

This late 17th Century Quaker settlement endured many occupations and witnessed at least one skirmish during the Revolution. The area along Ward Avenue, at the entrance to the was covered, in June 1778, with British troops following their evacuation of Philadelphia. Near the J.P. Bunting Mansion stood an earlier home of the Bunting family, which was chosen as headquarters by Sir Henry Clinton during that particular occupation. According to one tale, Sir Henry had too much to drink one night while staying here, and, awakened from his drunken slumber by a nightmare, he ran screaming from the house, down the hill and into the stream. The lady of the house, Mrs. Bunting, was kind enough to calm and clean the shaken General and return him to bed.
  • Chesterfield was called Recklesstown at the time of the American Revolution (after its founder Joseph Reckless) and the tavern to your left (now the Chesterfield Inn) was then, the Recklesstown Tavern. Established in the mid-18th Century, it was the scene, in Revolutionary War days, of many a heated town meeting.
Paralleling Rte. 528 are the remains of an old Indian trail called the "Burlington Path," and near it stood and stands the homestead of the Taylor family: Brookdale Farm. The plunderous British army marched along the Burlington Path, following the evacuation of Philadelphia in 1778, burning or carrying off much of what lay in its way. To spare her home the lady of Brookdale Farm, Ann Newbold Taylor carefully hid her true feelings, put a smile on her face and graciously invited several of the officers in to tea.
Memorial to Unknown Revolutionary War Militiamen

Upper Springfield Quaker Burial Ground

Memorial to Burlington County’s Unknown Soldiers of the Revolutionary War

A project of one man – Al Stephens of Monmouth Road, Springfield Township, it was erected in September, 1987 in the Upper Springfield Friends Burial Ground, behind the old Upper Springfield Quaker Meeting House at the end of Meeting House Road, not too far from the entrance to Ft. Dix off Route 68. The memorial reads: 1776-1783: Erected to the Memory of Revolutionary War Militiamen who gave their lives in local skirmishes with the British and Hessian forces and were placed in unmarked graves each known only to God.”

BATSTO – Washington Township

Charles Read is credited with building the Batsto Iron Works along the Batsto River in 1766. Batsto had the natural resources necessary for making iron. There was bog ore which was "mined" from the banks of the streams and rivers, wood from the forests became the charcoal for fuel, and water became the power for manufacturing. John Cox, a Philadelphia business man, became part owner in 1770 and full owner by 1773. The Iron Works produced household items such as cooking pots and kettles. During the Revolutionary War years, Batsto manufactured supplies for the Continental Army. Manager Joseph Ball became owner of Batsto Iron Works in 1779.




  • Elias Boudinot was the President of the 9th Continental Congress in 1783 when America gained its independence, and as such, he signed the Treaty of Paris. He has been called the first President of the United States. He was the Chief Executive of America while Trenton was the capital, from November 1, 1781 to January 12, 1784.
  • Boudinot was a U.S. Representative (1789-95); first Director of the United States Mint; a trustee of Princeton University.
  • William Bradford, George Washington's second Attorney General, was Boudinot's son-in-law.
  • Boudinot moved to Burlington in 1805 and became a leading citizen, founding the American Bible Society in 1816 and devoting his last years to good works on behalf of the American Indians.

Budinot-Bradford House

207 W. Broad St.


adonijah peacock grave site chairville road medford at route 70
Adonijah Peacock Grave SiteChairville Road, Medford at Route 70
  • The cemetery at this spot was the family burial ground of the Peacock family. One family member, Adonijah, ran a one-man gunpowder mill nearby. While drying a batch of bad powder for the Continental army, Adonijah let it get too close to the fire. His tombstone tells the story.
Burlington County


The Civil War


The John Woolman Memorial – 99 Branch St., Mt. Holly

John Woolman: October 19, 1720 – October 7, 1772

John Woolman (October 19, 1720 – October 7, 1772) was an itinerant Quaker preacher, traveling throughout the American colonies, advocating against conscription, military taxation, and particularly slavery.

John Woolman came from a family of Friends (Quakers). His grandfather, also named John Woolman, was one of the early settlers of New Jersey. His father Samuel Woolman was a farmer. Their estate was between Burlington and Mount Holly .

Final days
  • Woolman's final journey was to England in 1772. During the voyage he stayed in steerage and spent time with the crew rather than in the better accommodations of the other passengers. He attended the London Yearly Meeting, and the Friends there were persuaded to oppose slavery in their Epistle (letter sent to other Friends in other places). John Woolman went from London to York where he contracted smallpox and died.
  • Woolman’s wife, Sarah Ellis Woolman
  • is buried in the Mount Holly Friend’s
  • Burial Ground. They married in 1749.
  • A son died in infancy; Daughter Mary lived to adulthood.
  • Works by Woolman
  • Essays
    • "Some Considerations on Keeping Negroes", 1753
    • "Some Considerations on Keeping Negroes, Part Second", 1762
    • "Considerations on Pure Wisdom and Human Policy, on Labor, on Schools, and on
    • the Right Use of the Lord's Outward Gifts", 1768
    • "Considerations on the True Harmony of Mankind and
    • How it is to be Maintained", 1770
  • Book
    • The Journal of John Woolman, published posthumously
  • The Journal of John Woolman is considered to be an
  • important spiritual document, as shown by its inclusion
  • in the Harvard Classics.
the city of beverly burlington county s main link with the civil war
The City of BeverlyBurlington County’s Main Link with the Civil War
  • Mustering-in City
  • Army Hospital
  • Military Cemetery

Because the city served as a river and railroad transportation nexus, the government designated Beverly as a Civil War “mustering-in city.”

The 10th, 23rd and 34th New Jersey Regiments mustered-in at Beverly.

Beverly’s Civil War Hospital

Federal officials made use of the shuttered Union Manufacturing Company works, a former cutlery factory and converted the facility into an army hospital for treating injured troops there.

Of some 3,000 men treated in the hospital, at least 140 died and were buried in a nearby large field owned by Joseph Weyman of Beverly, who donated this land, fronting on Mount Holly Road, (in present-day Edgewater Township) to the government as a “Soldier’s Cemetery.”

With the end of the war, the hospital became the first cordage factory in Beverly.

Beverly National Cemetery, Bridgeboro Rd. in Edgewater Park

Began as one-acre plot in 1863; added to in 1936, 37, 48 and 51.

147 Union soldiers buried there – 10 of them unknown

Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997.

64.6 acres; 48,533 veterans

Civil War Soldier At Rest

Beverly, NJ

The statue of the Civil War Union Soldier at rest was once located in Beverly National Cemetery, a few miles away in Edgewater Park on Mt. Holly Road. Prior to 1957, the statue, atop a pillar, stood in the center of the first circle inside the gates of the Cemetery, which places it very near the Civil War burials, located immediately on the left as you enter the gates.

more on the soldier at rest
More on the Soldier at Rest…
  • Location: At 700 Melbourne Ave. - Corner of Melbourne and Cherry - on the grounds of the American Legion Post 115 Building.
  • In 1871, while the war memories remained fresh, Dr. E. P. Townsend, speaking at a Beverly town meeting, suggested that a monument should be erected at the National Cemetery in memory of the men who died in the conflict.
  • In 1872, the New Jersey Legislature passed an act appropriating $10,000 to erect a state monument at the National Cemetery in Beverly. The act resulted in creation of the “Soldier at Rest” monument to memorialize the soldiers and sailors from New Jersey who fought and died in the War of the Rebellion. The Philadelphia firm of Van Gunden and Young won the contract to execute the memorial. The 70-foot high column comprised eleven pieces of marble, a total of over 1,000 cubic feet of stone, quarried and carved in Caravia, Italy. One of Italy’s most renowned sculptors produced the soldier statue. The assembled monument, including shaft, pediments, capitals and statue, weighed in at about 80 tons and was once located in a grassy circle closest to the superintendent’s residence and maintenance garages. A great crowd, including the Governor of New Jersey, civilians, and many military organizations, arrived at the cemetery on 28 June 1875 to dedicate the memorial. Over the ensuing years following its erection, the column supporting the statue developed serious cracks, causing the monument’s disassembling following World War II. Charles Moses received the contract to rehabilitate the memorial. He disassembled it, but died before completing the restoration. His widow presented the “Soldier at Rest” statue to Beverly’s American Legion Post 115 and this organization has resisted all attempts to move the statue back to the National Cemetery.

Courtesy Paul W. Schopp

black civil war heroes
Black Civil War Heroes

Burlington County has four cemeteries which

honor Black Civil War Heroes:

  • One at Timbucktoo off Beverly-Rancocas Road on

Church St., not far from the Mt. Holly bypass

  • One in Cinnaminson on (307) North Fork Landing Road (AME Church Cemetery)
  • One on Pearl Street in Burlington City along the river (AME Church Cemetery)
  • One at Jacob’s Chapel, Elbo Lane in Mount Laurel
Colemantown Meeting - 1813

Located on Elbo Lane, near Moorestown- Mt. Laurel Road.

The Colemantown Meeting House (1813) is shown to the left of Jacob’s A.M.E. Chapel (1859). The meeting house was built by Quakers for freed black slaves harbored in Mt. Laurel through the “Underground Railroad” by Quakers of the Mt. Laurel Meeting (less than 2 miles up Mt. Laurel Road). The old meeting house is currently used as a church hall. It was moved to its present location from across Elbo Lane in 1965. Dr.James Still, the renowned Black Doctor of the Pines, is buried in the cemetery behind the chapel.

u s grant house 309 wood st burlington
U. S. Grant House309Wood St., Burlington

General Ulysses S. Grant lodged his wife Julia Dent Grant and four children here in 1864 to avoid the Civil War conflict. They lived here until the war’s end in 1865.

Grant and his wife Julia, having declined President Lincoln’s invitation to attend a play at Ford Theater to travel to Burlington City, were at their home on Wood St. after receiving the news that Lincoln had been assassinated. Mrs. Grant describes the throngs of people who came to their “cottage” in Burlington later that evening to learn if the terrible news of the president’s death was true.

According to local legend, Grant spoke to his neighbors and friends from the home’s wrought iron balcony on the night Lincoln was assassinated.