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The Culture of Morality: Chapter 9

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The Culture of Morality: Chapter 9

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  1. The Culture of Morality: Chapter 9 Social Hierarchy, Subordination, and Human Capabilities Susan Beverung Nadine Sarota

  2. Themes • There are variations in judgments and social orientations within cultures. • The mix of orientations is not solely a matter of estimating how much of one or the other. • The inequalities and asymmetrical reciprocity implicit in the differential distribution of power and resources reflected in different attributions of autonomy and dependence are not shared across a culture. • The disagreements with and discontents about norms, social practices, and social arrangements can , and frequently do result in efforts for change.

  3. Woman in Society Do Not Hold Positions of Equality with Males • Woman are viewed as property • Sexual fidelity is required of woman but not of men • Male children have a higher societal value then female children • Females are oppressed by the males in power resulting in poor treatment from an early age. • Females have a limited voice and few options within society • The cost of female children can be a burden for families

  4. Caste System and Infanticide and Abortion • Woman are to marry within the caste level • At all levels woman complete household work • Men may have multiple wives • More then one female child is a burden • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mnmtKLQRh6g • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7f5Q3CpCm7w

  5. Dowry Killings • Woman are expected to pay a dowry to the males family • This may not a one time payment. • Dowries may be all the financial resources of the family • Males may divorce wives to get dowries from another wife • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fXkfULZOFk4 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fEPRSi2qH9w

  6. Honor Killings • Females are said to disgrace their families if they fall in love with a non- approved male, have sex outside of marriage or affairs. • Families regain honor through killing the female • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aYWb-EA2bWA

  7. China • Woman have systematically lost their jobs and are required to work in the home • Men may work from 7am-11pm • Emotional disconnection in marriages

  8. Islamic World • Women are really crushed and maltreated in this society: • Women’s activities were restricted by men such as how to dress and work • Polygomy is encouraged • “Men realize that religion gives them a title and feel automatically powerful

  9. Critical thinking • If cultural practice and societal perspectives are interrelated to decisions and judgments, can other cultures influence change and do so morally? • How is each ethical principles and morals revealed? • Autonomy • Justice