Daily life in the middle ages 1000 1600
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Rural Areas Nobility Peasants/Serfs Towns/Cities Size Industry Population Drops Why? Food Pestilence. Key Terms Feudalism Vassal/Knight Fief Guild System Black Death. Daily Life in the Middle Ages (1000-1600). Traits of Feudalism (Social/Economic System of Middle Ages).

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Daily life in the middle ages 1000 1600 l.jpg

Rural Areas

Nobility

Peasants/Serfs

Towns/Cities

Size

Industry

Population Drops

Why?

Food

Pestilence

Key Terms

Feudalism

Vassal/Knight

Fief

Guild System

Black Death

Daily Life in the Middle Ages(1000-1600)


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Traits of Feudalism(Social/Economic System of Middle Ages)

  • There was an absence of central authority & “Warlords” dominated.

  • People sought protection & unique relationship developed between landowners & commoners.

  • Common in much of Europe—but NOT in Pyrenees (French/Spanish border).


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Medieval Hierarchy

  • Monk (clergy)

  • Knight (noble)

  • Peasant


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Nobles

(up to 5%)

Clergy

(5-10%)

Peasants

(85-90%)


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Two “Types:”

Lords-usually wealthy landowners

Knights-the Warriors pledged to provide military service to a lord.

Nobility(They did NOT work the land)

Fief-Land (and serfs to work it) given to knights in return for military service.

  • Most were illiterate.


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Food For Nobles

  • Dominated by bread/porridge & meat (fish, chickens, pigs & wild game; rarely beef), dairy; beer was common.

  • Expensive imports: Middle Eastern exotic spices (sugar), wine from France.


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Peasants/Serfs

  • Made up 85-90% of the population.

  • They were tied to the land worked the land for the Lords & knights (50-500 on an estate).

  • In return they received:

    • Protection

    • A portion of the crops they raised (75-90%)

  • Contracts…


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Life On Medieval Manor(Nobles Hunt While Peasants Work; Castles vs. Huts)


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Daily Life in Middle Ages(fast forward 18 seconds)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pypbyC548dw


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Food & Life For Peasants/Serfs

  • Diet was VERY monotonous: black bread/porridge & beer were the staples; eggs & dairy (some fish, but not much meat)

    • Famine = threat

  • Homes: one room, wooden sides, thatched roofs & one (large) bed

  • Daily routine was dominated by seasons & Christian celebrations


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Life For Peasants/Serfs

  • Women were subject to their husband’s authority


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Children

  • 30-50% of children died before reaching age 5

  • Marriage Age:

    • Boys = 14

    • Girls = 12

Dance of Death


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Preparing For Winter

Baking bread & slaughtering pigs…


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Entertainment (A Harvest Festival Sponsored by Lord of Manor)


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Entertainment

Cockfighting

Taverns


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Entertainment(Marriage Ceremony)

  • Up to 1300s couples often waited for a pregnancy to hold a church service

  • Between 12th & 14th centuries “modern” church services were developed

  • Marriages were arranged


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Towns & Cities(Only 5% of population)

  • London: 10,000 (in 1200s)

  • Paris: 210,000 (in 1328)

  • Italy (in 1200s)

    • Florence: 100,000

    • Milan: 90,000-100,000


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Guild System(Origins of modern industry)

  • Guilds: A training/education system to ensure quality in the products produced.

    • Master: Shop-owner (if they had enough money & connections).

    • Journeymen: wage plus room & board.

    • Apprentice: worked for room & board with hope of advancement (seven years).

    • Unskilled Laborer: received room & board with little or no hope of advancement


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Master

Journeymen

Apprentice

Unskilled Laborers



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It is estimated that between 1300-1450 Europe lost 50-65% of its population.

Why?

Famine: between 1000-1300 population doubled, but food production didn’t.

Disease (Pestilence): Beginning in 1350 the “Black Death” spread & killed many.

Population Drops



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Despair All Over Society its population.


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Rural Areas its population.

Nobility

Peasants/Serfs

Towns/Cities

Size

Industry

Population Drops

Why?

Food

Pestilence

Key Terms

Feudalism

Vassal/Knight

Fief

Guild System

Black Death

Daily Life in the Middle Ages(1000-1600)


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