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Rural Areas Nobility Peasants/Serfs Towns/Cities Size Industry Population Drops Why? Food Pestilence Key Terms Feudalism Vassal/Knight Fief Guild System Black Death Daily Life in the Middle Ages (1000-1600) Traits of Feudalism (Social/Economic System of Middle Ages)

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daily life in the middle ages 1000 1600
Rural Areas

Nobility

Peasants/Serfs

Towns/Cities

Size

Industry

Population Drops

Why?

Food

Pestilence

Key Terms

Feudalism

Vassal/Knight

Fief

Guild System

Black Death

Daily Life in the Middle Ages(1000-1600)
traits of feudalism social economic system of middle ages
Traits of Feudalism(Social/Economic System of Middle Ages)
  • There was an absence of central authority & “Warlords” dominated.
  • People sought protection & unique relationship developed between landowners & commoners.
  • Common in much of Europe—but NOT everywhere (Pyrenees: French/Spanish border).
symbols of authority
Symbols of Authority

Fall of Rome = Lack of Authority

Arch of Titus = Symbol of Roman Authority

medieval hierarchy
Medieval Hierarchy
  • Monk (clergy)
    • Prayer
  • Knight (noble)
    • Protection
  • Peasant
    • Produce food & supplies
slide5

Nobles

(up to 5%)

Clergy

(5-10%)

Peasants

(85-90%)

nobility they did not work the land
Two “Types:”

Lords-usually wealthy landowners

Knights-the Warriors pledged to provide military service to a lord.

Nobility(They did NOT work the land)

Fief-Land (and serfs to work it) given to knights in return for military service.

  • Most were illiterate.
food for nobles
Food For Nobles
  • Dominated by bread/porridge & meat (chickens, pigs & wild game; sometimes beef), possibly dairy.
  • Expensive imports: Middle Eastern exotic spices (sugar), wine from France.
entertainment
Entertainment

Dancers perform after a feast

peasants serfs
Peasants/Serfs
  • Made up 85-90% of the population.
  • They were tied to the land worked the land for the Lords & knights (50-500 on an estate).
  • In return they received:
    • Protection
    • A portion of the crops they raised (75-90%)
  • Contracts…
food life for peasants serfs
Food & Life For Peasants/Serfs
  • Diet was VERY monotonous: black bread/porridge & beer were the staples; eggs & dairy.
    • Famine = threat
  • Homes: one room, wooden sides, thatched roofs & one (large) bed.
  • Daily routine was dominated by seasons.
entertainment16
Entertainment

Cockfighting

Taverns

entertainment marriage ceremony
Entertainment(Marriage Ceremony)
  • Up to 1300s couples often waited for a pregnancy to hold a church service
  • Between 12th & 14th centuries “modern” church services were developed
  • Marriages were commonly arranged by parents
guild system origins of modern industry
Guild System(Origins of modern industry)
  • Guilds: A training/education system to ensure quality in the products produced.
    • Master: Shop-owner (if they had enough money & connections).
    • Journeymen: wage plus room & board.
    • Apprentice: worked for room & board with hope of advancement (seven years).
    • Unskilled Laborer: received room & board with little or no hope of advancement
slide19

Master

Journeymen

Apprentice

Unskilled Laborers

guild workers dyeing cloth
Guild Workers Dyeing Cloth

Cloth-making was a leading industry

population drops
Estimate: between 1300-1450 Europe lost 50-65% of its population.

Why?

Famine: between 1000-1300 population doubled, but food production didn’t.

Disease (Pestilence): Beginning about 1350 the “Black Death” spread & killed many.

Population Drops
daily life in the middle ages 1000 160022
Rural Areas

Nobility

Peasants/Serfs

Towns/Cities

Size

Industry

Population Drops

Why?

Food

Pestilence

Key Terms

Feudalism

Vassal/Knight

Fief

Guild System

Black Death

Daily Life in the Middle Ages(1000-1600)