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Mars 90 燃气轮机技术 PowerPoint Presentation
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Mars 90 燃气轮机技术

Mars 90 燃气轮机技术

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Mars 90 燃气轮机技术

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  1. Mars 90 燃气轮机技术 VP90100(98)-001

  2. Mars 90燃气轮机 • 1977年投入运行 • 售出550台机组 • 22.5百万运行小时 • 输出功率范围- 13,000 to 15,000 hp (CS / MD)- 9285 to 10 695 kWe (GS) VP90100(98)-002

  3. Mars 燃气轮机 发电机,压缩机&机械驱动应用方式 VP90100(98)-003

  4. Mars 压缩机组 VP90100(98)-004

  5. Mars 机械驱动 VP90100(98)-005

  6. Mars发电机组 VP90100(98)-006

  7. Mars燃气轮机运行经验概要 至1998年九月 运行 小时(百万 售出 机组 压缩机组 机械驱动 发电机组 其他相关机组 总计 166 201 164 37 568 7.6 6.6 8.0 1.3 23.5 VP90100(98)-007

  8. Mars燃气轮机设计特点 排气收集器 涡轮排气扩散器 燃料歧管 燃料喷嘴 压缩机转子总成 动力涡轮转子总成 燃气发生器透平转子总成 燃烧室总成 压缩机壳体总成 进口空气 压缩机可变导叶总成 VP90100(98)-008

  9. Mars 附属驱动 独立驱动 附件驱动组件 VP90100(98)-009

  10. Mars附属驱动 整合机组固定的附属驱动 附件驱动组件 VP90100(98)-010

  11. Mars 附属驱动 机组固定 • 1996年投入 • 容许更短的箱体设计 • 消除对中的问题 • 大修时可进行改进 VP90100(98)-011

  12. 基本特性 • 15-级轴流压缩机 • 配备21个(扩散火焰)燃料喷嘴和14个燃料喷嘴(SoLoNOx)的环形燃烧室 • 可倾瓦块轴径轴承 • 倾瓦块推力轴承 • 大致尺寸(L x W x H) 和重量GS 47’8” x 9’2” x 12’0” 142,500 lb (Mars 90)CS 41’3” x 9’0” x 11’3” 89,700 lb (Single Compressor)MD 28’3” x 9’0” x 11’3” 52,700 lb (Driver Only) VP90100(98)-012

  13. Mars 压缩机 • 高效率 • 压比为17:1 • 15级 • 压缩机可变进口导叶 • 垂直分开结构 • 特宽的一级叶片 VP90100(98)-013

  14. Mars 压缩机转子动平衡 VP90100(98)-014

  15. Mars 压缩机叶片安装 • 转动部分 - INCO 718 • 可调定子* - 7-4 PHSS • 静止定子* - 410 SS *恺装提供在异常环境下的额外防护 VP90100(98)-015

  16. Mars 燃烧室 • 环形设计 • 外部可拆喷嘴 • 相同的温度场分布 VP90100(98)-016

  17. Mars 燃烧室衬垫 VP90100(98)-017

  18. Mars 燃料喷嘴 SoLoNOx 标准型 VP90100(98)-018

  19. Mars 燃气发生器透平 • 1级和2级定子喷嘴采用内部风冷形式 • 1级转子叶片采用内部风冷形式 VP90100(98)-019

  20. Mars 透平材料 喷嘴 轮盘 旋转叶片 级 第一级 第二级 第三 &四级 CM 247 LC (Mars 90)CMSX-4* (Mars 100) INCO 792* INCO 792 Waspaloy Waspaloy INCO 718 CM 247 LC CM 247 LC N-155 恺装提供在异常环境下的额外防护 VP90100(98)-020

  21. Mars 转子轴承 • 在所有转子上采用轴向可倾瓦块轴承 • 在所有转子上采用可倾瓦块推力轴承 • 推力轴承易于安装 VP90100(98)-021

  22. Mars轴向可倾瓦块推力轴承 VP90100(98)-022

  23. Mars可倾瓦块径向轴承 VP90100(98)-023

  24. Mars 动力涡轮 • 两级自由涡轮 • 性能范围扩大 VP90100(98)-024

  25. Mars 燃气轮机性能 18 -20 75 76 77 0 Heat Rate, Btu/hp-hr (00) 78 17 79 80 20 81 16 83 40 85 59 INLET AIR TEMPERATURE, F 15 90 Optimum NPT 95 14 80 OUTPUT POWER PARAMETER, hpSL (000) 13 100 12 11 MaximumContinuousSpeed 10 9 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 POWER TURBINE SPEED, % NPT (100% = 6825 rpm) VP90100(98)-025

  26. Mars 燃气轮机升级 1980Mars 9011,150 hp, 32.8% 1825F 1983Mars 9012,600 hp, 33.0% 1935F 1990Mars 10014,100 hp, 33.5% 2050F 1995Mars 9013,000 hp, 33.1% 1935F 1994Mars 10015,000 hp, 34.0% 2050F VP90100(98)-026

  27. Mars 燃气轮机演化 1980Mars 908.3 MW, 32.8% 996C 1983Mars 909.4 MW, 33.0% 1057C 1990Mars 10010.5 MW, 33.5% 1121C 1995Mars 909.7 MW, 33.1% 1057C 1994Mars 10011.2 MW, 34.0% 1121C VP90100(98)-027

  28. Mars Gas TurbineEvolution Component Change from Mars 90 to Mars 100 Combustor Liner Fuel Injectors Stage-1 Blades Stage-2, 3 & 4 Blades Tip Seals Stage 1 & 2 Nozzles Stage 3 & 4 Nozzles Hastelloy X to Haynes 230 Tip Material Hastelloy X to Haynes 214 MAR-M-247 to Single-CrystalCMSX-4 Coating Added IN 792 Ni Alloy Hastelloy X to MAR-M-509 FSX414 to CM247 LC Coating Added FSX414 to N-155 Coating Added VP90100(98)-028

  29. Mars CompressorDesign Modifications TIP MODIFICATION IGV STG 2S STG 1R STG 1S STG 2R = New Components VP90100(98)-029

  30. Mars Gas TurbineEvolution • Redesigned IGV and First Two CompressorStages to Open Up Flow Path • Improved Performance- Increased Power by 6.3%- 34% Thermal Efficiency- Increased Mass Flow by 7%- Increased Pressure Ratio (17.4:1)- Improved Compressor Efficiency by 1%- No Increase in Firing Temperature or Speed VP90100(98)-030

  31. Mars Gas TurbineRatings Model Mars 90 Mars 100 Application CS / MD GS CS / MD GS Power Efficiency, % TRIT, F Heat Rate 13,000 hp 33.1 1935 7690Btu/hp-hr 9285 kWe 31.7 1935 10,765Btu/kWe-hr 15,000 hp 34.0 2050 7490Btu/hp-hr 10,695 kWe 32.5 2050 10,505Btu/kWe-hr VP90100(98)-031

  32. Mars 90 Gas TurbineOperating Experience Summary As of September 1998 EstimatedHours(Million) UnitsSold Compressor Sets Mechanical Drives Generator Sets Packager Associates Totals 86 88 87 7 268 5.7 4.4 6.8 0.6 17.5 VP90100(98)-032

  33. Mars 100 Gas TurbineOperating Experience Summary As of September 1998 EstimatedHours(Million) UnitsSold Compressor Sets Mechanical Drives Generator Sets Packager Associates Totals 80 113 77 30 300 1.9 2.2 1.2 0.8 6.1 VP90100(98)-033

  34. Mars Gas TurbineLife Objectives • 30-Year Core Engine Service Life • 30,000 Hours Time Between Inspections(TBI) Interval • 60,000 Hours Gas Generator Hot Section Component Service Life • 100,000 Hours / 10,000 Start Cycles Turbine Disks and Compressors Rotating Component Service Life VP90100(98)-034

  35. Mars Gas TurbineMaintainability Design • Quick Gas Turbine Change • Modularized Disassembly VP90100(98)-035

  36. Mars Gas TurbineMajor Maintenance Capability COMPRESSOR ROTOR BLADE AND STATORS NO. 5 ENGINE BEARING COMPRESSOR CASE HALF (BOTH SIDES) ENGINE AFT THRUST BEARING NO. 1 ENGINE BEARING POWER TURBINE ENGINE FWD THRUST BEARING GAS GENERATOR TURBINE ASSEMBLY COMBUSTION CHAMBER COMPRESSOR VP90100(98)-036

  37. Mars Gas TurbineMajor Demonstrated Maintenance ReplacementTask Involves ElapsedTime, hr Includes Quick Gas Turbine Change Gas Producer Power Turbine Gas Producer Turbine Combustor Accessory Drive Gearbox 8 10 6 20 24 3 Realignment Alignment Check Alignment Check PT Removal PT Removal Realignment VP90100(98)-037

  38. Mars Gas TurbineAdvanced Maintenance Techniques • Borescope Inspection • Vibration Detection • Equipment Alignment VP90100(98)-038

  39. Mars Gas TurbineBorescope Access Locations 15-SPECIAL INSPECTION PORTS 6-DIFFUSER PORTS REMOVABLE COMPRESSOR CASE HALF (Either Side) TORCH PORT GASGENERATOR TURBINE PORTS REMOVABLE AIR INLET SCREEN 14-FUEL INJECTOR PORTS 12-T5 TEMP. PORTS 8-SPECIAL POWER TURBINE PORTS VP90100(98)-039

  40. Mars Compressor Set TURBINE AIR INLET TURBINE EXHAUST 3400 mm(11’3”) 8600 mm(28’3”) 4267 mm(14’) Typical Package Weight = 52 255 kg (115,200 lb) Width = 2700 mm (9’) VP90100(98)-040

  41. Mars Compressor Set Driven Equipment Options • Solar Compressors- C65 for Pipeline Service- Various Multistage Solutions • Other Compressors- Experience with All Manufacturers- More than 300 Total Units VP90100(98)-041

  42. Mars Mechanical-Drive Package TURBINE AIR INLET TURBINE EXHAUST 3400 mm(11’ 3”) 1994 mm(6’ 6 1/2”) 8600 mm (28’ 3”) Typical Package Weight = 23 905 kg (52,700 lb) Width = 2700 mm (9’) VP90100(98)-042

  43. Mars Generator Set TURBINE AIR INLET TURBINE EXHAUST 3600 mm(12’) 14 500 mm (47’ 6”) Typical Package Weight = 73 028 kg (161,000 lb) - Mars 100Typical Package Weight = 64 698 kg (142,500 lb) - Mars 90 Width = 2800 mm (9’ 2”) VP90100(98)-043

  44. Mars Generator Set GAS TURBINE GEARBOX GENERATOR EXHAUST COLLECTOR MICROPROCESSOR- BASED CONTROLS TURBINE ASSEMBLY COMBUSTOR COMPRESSOR AIR INLET BASE FRAME FUEL SYSTEM OIL SYSTEM CUSTOMER CONNECTIONS VP90100(98)-044

  45. Mars Gas TurbinePackage Skid Construction • 3-Point Mount on Engine Skid • Direct AC Start • Lube Oil Tank Runs Length of Engine Skid • All Subsystems Are Standard Assemblies • Designed for EasierMaintainability VP90100(98)-045

  46. Mars Gas Turbine Start System Features Two Options for Reliable Service IPG and O&G • AC Electric VFD- Low Noise- No Fugitive Emissions • Pneumatic- No Parasitic Losses- No AC to Start Unit O&G VP90100(98)-046

  47. Mars Gas TurbineLube Oil System Features • Main Lube Supply Options- Engine Driven- Two 100% AC Motors • AC Pre / Post Lube Oil Supply • DC Post-Lube Oil Backupfor CS / MD • AC Motor Post-Lube Oil Backup with VFD Off DC Battery for GS • Dual Filter with Transfer Valve VP90100(98)-047

  48. Mars Gas TurbineControl / Combustion System Features Common Electric Actuators • Gas Fuel Metering • Variable Geometry • Bleed Valve • Inlet Guide Vanes VP90100(98)-048

  49. Mars Gas Turbine Turbotronic Options • Onskid PLC (Div 2)- Turbine Control Box- Optional Remote Display VP90100(98)-049

  50. Mars Gas TurbineTurbotronic Options • Onskid PLC (Div 2)- Turbine Control Box- Optional Console • Remote PLC (Div 1)- Standard Console- Onskid Digital VP90100(98)-050