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Nuclear Safety – EU Perspective
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  1. Nuclear Safety –EU Perspective International Symposiumon Nuclear Safety Bratislava, 14 March 2013 Massimo Garribba European Commission Directorate-General for Energy Unit D1 – Nuclear safety architectureand multilateral & international cooperation

  2. EU energy challenges 1/2 1. Sustainability 2. Security of energy supply 3. Competitiveness To tackle these challenges,the EU needs: • a wide range of low carbon energy sources • ambitious energy efficiencymeasures • further development of infrastructure

  3. EU energy challenges 2/2 • Integration of energy markets • Big needs for extensions/replacementsin generation capacities • Investmentsin low-carbon energy technologies and infrastructuresarecapital-intensive: • renewables: high specific generation costs • nuclear power plants: high capital investment • CCS-coal plants and intelligent (super) grids:high development/deployment costs

  4. Energy Roadmap 2050 • Adopted by the Commission in December 2011; Council conclusions in May 2012 • A basis for further policy action • Purpose: to show decarbonisation optionsfor the energy sector: 7 scenarios • Main routes to cut energy-relatedCO2emissions: • Reducing energy consumption through efficiency • Making energy supply less carbon intensive – renewables, nuclear, and CCS

  5. Energy Roadmap 2050 - scenarios

  6. 75% 50% 25% 0% RES Gas Nuclear Oil Solidfuels 2005 Energy Roadmap 2050 - overview Renewables move centre stage,but all fuels can contribute in the long-runDecarbonisation scenarios - fuel ranges (primary energy consumption in %) 2030 2050 75% 50% 25% 0% RES Gas Nuclear Oil Solidfuels

  7. Nuclear: the role of the EU • Develop EUlegal framework • Support third countries • Stimulate an open debateandcooperationwith stakeholders

  8. Stress tests: results 1/2 • ENSREG report onpeer reviews (April 2012) • Commission final report(October 2012): • High level of safety, no urgent decisions needed • Significant and tangible improvements identifiedin all participating countries; remedial measuresimplemented or planned • Weaknesses in frameworks and proceduresand gaps in legal arrangements; proposalsto improve are being prepared • Link between authorities dealing with safetyand those dealing with security established

  9. Stress tests: results 2/2 • Implementation ofrecommendations:national responsibility • EU institutions: decisionson common safety policyandlegislative initiatives • On-going process: develop a comprehensive European approach in collaboration with national regulatory authoritiesand the IAEA

  10. Stress tests: follow-up • ENSREG action plan (July 2012) • Nationalaction plans in allparticipating countries(end 2012) • Peer review of national plansat EU level: April 2013 • The process of improvingEuropean nuclear safetywill continue

  11. Nuclear Safety Directive (2009) • EU-wide legally binding framework • Reflects international instruments: • Convention on Nuclear Safety • IAEA Safety Fundamentals • Content features: • Establishes nationalresponsibilityfor nuclear safety • Reinforces regulatoryauthorities • Transparency (principles)

  12. Revision of the EU framework • NewNuclear safety Directive: • public consultation(from December 2011 to February 2012) • mid-2013: Commission proposal addressing: • technical safety requirements • nuclear safety governance: role,independence and powers ofregulatory authorities • openness and transparency • monitoring and verification

  13. Further initiatives • Nuclear insurance and liability: • Disparities in victims' treatment across the EU • Possible competition issues • Commission proposal end 2013, followingpublic consultation and impact assessment • Off-site emergency preparedness & response: • ongoing: a review of arrangements in the EU andin neighbouring countries • end 2013: proposals for improvements • Revision of Regulation on maximum levels of radioactive contamination of food and feed

  14. International cooperation • Stress Tests: involvementofneighbouring countries • Partnership with the IAEA: • improve collaboration on nuclear safety • strengthen safety cultureandemergency preparedness • review and revise the international legal framework(Nuclear Safety Convention)

  15. Perspectives for nuclear • Further developmentis contingent on: • nuclear safety andsecurity • public acceptance • Member States' positionson nuclear • investment conditions • attitude towards climatetargets • research and innovation