slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001)

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 173

FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 137 Views
  • Uploaded on

FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001). Scares each side away from intentional aggression. Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in:. Sov. bomber able to hit US. Anti nuclear protests in West.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001)


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript

    1. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Scares each side away from intentional aggression Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: US space program to catch SU Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  US develops H-bomb by 1952 Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) SU develops A-bomb by 1949 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Growing strain on US & Sov. Econ’s Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb EFFORTS BY BOTH SIDES TO AVOID NUCLEAR WAR: • Hot line to ensure better communications during crisis (1962) • Test Ban Treaty outlawing atmospheric tests (1963) • Nuclear non proliferation treaty to stop spread of Nukes (1968) • SALT I Treaty limiting number of new weapons (1972) • SALT II Treaty  New cap on number of new weapons (1979) • INF (Intermediate Nucl. Forces) Treaty eliminates many missiles, esp. in Eur. (1987) • START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Tr.) cut #Nukes from 23,500  15,400 (1991) • START II Eliminated land based MIRV’s (Multiple Indep. Re-entry Vehicles) (1993) • Agreement to cut # of US & Russian warheads to under 2000 each (2001) SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Cont. dev. of more powerful nukes Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    2. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001)

    3. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138)

    4. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138)

    5. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons

    6. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons

    7. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons

    8. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons

    9. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140)

    10. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137)

    11. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137)

    12. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137)

    13. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137)

    14. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137)

    15. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137)

    16. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137)

    17. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137)

    18. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137)

    19. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Sov. bomber able to hit US US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb US space program to catch SU Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    20. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Sov. bomber able to hit US US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb US space program to catch SU Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    21. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Sov. bomber able to hit US US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb US space program to catch SU Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    22. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Sov. bomber able to hit US US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb US space program to catch SU Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    23. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Sov. bomber able to hit US US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb US space program to catch SU Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    24. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: US space program to catch SU Scares each side away from intentional aggression US develops H-bomb by 1952 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    25. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: US space program to catch SU Scares each side away from intentional aggression US develops H-bomb by 1952 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    26. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: US space program to catch SU Scares each side away from intentional aggression US develops H-bomb by 1952 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    27. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Sov. bomber able to hit US Scares each side away from intentional aggression US develops H-bomb by 1952 Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb US space program to catch SU Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    28. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US space program to catch SU Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: Sov. bomber able to hit US Scares each side away from intentional aggression US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Cont. dev. of more powerful nukes US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    29. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) US space program to catch SU Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) Anti nuclear protests in West US develops H-bomb by 1952 SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Cont. dev. of more powerful nukes Growing strain on US & Sov. Econ’s US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority SU develops A-bomb by 1949 Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb Scares each side away from intentional aggression Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    30. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Scares each side away from intentional aggression Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: US space program to catch SU Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  US develops H-bomb by 1952 Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) SU develops A-bomb by 1949 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Growing strain on US & Sov. Econ’s Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb EFFORTS BY BOTH SIDES TO AVOID NUCLEAR WAR: • Hot line to ensure better communications during crisis (1962) • Test Ban Treaty outlawing atmospheric tests (1963) • Nuclear non proliferation treaty to stop spread of Nukes (1968) • SALT I Treaty limiting number of new weapons (1972) • SALT II Treaty  New cap on number of new weapons (1979) • INF (Intermediate Nucl. Forces) Treaty eliminates many missiles, esp. in Eur. (1987) • START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Tr.) cut #Nukes from 23,500  15,400 (1991) • START II Eliminated land based MIRV’s (Multiple Indep. Re-entry Vehicles) (1993) • Agreement to cut # of US & Russian warheads to under 2000 each (2001) SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Cont. dev. of more powerful nukes Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    31. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Scares each side away from intentional aggression Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: US space program to catch SU Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  US develops H-bomb by 1952 Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) SU develops A-bomb by 1949 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Growing strain on US & Sov. Econ’s Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb EFFORTS BY BOTH SIDES TO AVOID NUCLEAR WAR: • Hot line to ensure better communications during crisis (1962) • Test Ban Treaty outlawing atmospheric tests (1963) • Nuclear non proliferation treaty to stop spread of Nukes (1968) • SALT I Treaty limiting number of new weapons (1972) • SALT II Treaty  New cap on number of new weapons (1979) • INF (Intermediate Nucl. Forces) Treaty eliminates many missiles, esp. in Eur. (1987) • START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Tr.) cut #Nukes from 23,500  15,400 (1991) • START II Eliminated land based MIRV’s (Multiple Indep. Re-entry Vehicles) (1993) • Agreement to cut # of US & Russian warheads to under 2000 each (2001) SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Cont. dev. of more powerful nukes Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    32. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Scares each side away from intentional aggression Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: US space program to catch SU Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  US develops H-bomb by 1952 Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) SU develops A-bomb by 1949 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Growing strain on US & Sov. Econ’s Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb EFFORTS BY BOTH SIDES TO AVOID NUCLEAR WAR: • Hot line to ensure better communications during crisis (1962) • Test Ban Treaty outlawing atmospheric tests (1963) • Nuclear non proliferation treaty to stop spread of Nukes (1968) • SALT I Treaty limiting number of new weapons (1972) • SALT II Treaty  New cap on number of new weapons (1979) • INF (Intermediate Nucl. Forces) Treaty eliminates many missiles, esp. in Eur. (1987) • START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Tr.) cut #Nukes from 23,500  15,400 (1991) • START II Eliminated land based MIRV’s (Multiple Indep. Re-entry Vehicles) (1993) • Agreement to cut # of US & Russian warheads to under 2000 each (2001) SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Cont. dev. of more powerful nukes Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    33. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Scares each side away from intentional aggression Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: US space program to catch SU Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  US develops H-bomb by 1952 Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) SU develops A-bomb by 1949 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Growing strain on US & Sov. Econ’s Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb EFFORTS BY BOTH SIDES TO AVOID NUCLEAR WAR: • Hot line to ensure better communications during crisis (1962) • Test Ban Treaty outlawing atmospheric tests (1963) • Nuclear non proliferation treaty to stop spread of Nukes (1968) • SALT I Treaty limiting number of new weapons (1972) • SALT II Treaty  New cap on number of new weapons (1979) • INF (Intermediate Nucl. Forces) Treaty eliminates many missiles, esp. in Eur. (1987) • START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Tr.) cut #Nukes from 23,500  15,400 (1991) • START II Eliminated land based MIRV’s (Multiple Indep. Re-entry Vehicles) (1993) • Agreement to cut # of US & Russian warheads to under 2000 each (2001) SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Cont. dev. of more powerful nukes Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    34. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Scares each side away from intentional aggression Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: US space program to catch SU Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  US develops H-bomb by 1952 Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) SU develops A-bomb by 1949 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Growing strain on US & Sov. Econ’s Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb EFFORTS BY BOTH SIDES TO AVOID NUCLEAR WAR: • Hot line to ensure better communications during crisis (1962) • Test Ban Treaty outlawing atmospheric tests (1963) • Nuclear non proliferation treaty to stop spread of Nukes (1968) • SALT I Treaty limiting number of new weapons (1972) • SALT II Treaty  New cap on number of new weapons (1979) • INF (Intermediate Nucl. Forces) Treaty eliminates many missiles, esp. in Eur. (1987) • START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Tr.) cut #Nukes from 23,500  15,400 (1991) • START II Eliminated land based MIRV’s (Multiple Indep. Re-entry Vehicles) (1993) • Agreement to cut # of US & Russian warheads to under 2000 each (2001) SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Cont. dev. of more powerful nukes Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    35. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Scares each side away from intentional aggression Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: US space program to catch SU Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  US develops H-bomb by 1952 Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) SU develops A-bomb by 1949 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Growing strain on US & Sov. Econ’s Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb EFFORTS BY BOTH SIDES TO AVOID NUCLEAR WAR: • Hot line to ensure better communications during crisis (1962) • Test Ban Treaty outlawing atmospheric tests (1963) • Nuclear non proliferation treaty to stop spread of Nukes (1968) • SALT I Treaty limiting number of new weapons (1972) • SALT II Treaty  New cap on number of new weapons (1979) • INF (Intermediate Nucl. Forces) Treaty eliminates many missiles, esp. in Eur. (1987) • START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Tr.) cut #Nukes from 23,500  15,400 (1991) • START II Eliminated land based MIRV’s (Multiple Indep. Re-entry Vehicles) (1993) • Agreement to cut # of US & Russian warheads to under 2000 each (2001) SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Cont. dev. of more powerful nukes Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    36. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Scares each side away from intentional aggression Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: US space program to catch SU Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  US develops H-bomb by 1952 Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) SU develops A-bomb by 1949 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Growing strain on US & Sov. Econ’s Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb EFFORTS BY BOTH SIDES TO AVOID NUCLEAR WAR: • Hot line to ensure better communications during crisis (1962) • Test Ban Treaty outlawing atmospheric tests (1963) • Nuclear non proliferation treaty to stop spread of Nukes (1968) • SALT I Treaty limiting number of new weapons (1972) • SALT II Treaty  New cap on number of new weapons (1979) • INF (Intermediate Nucl. Forces) Treaty eliminates many missiles, esp. in Eur. (1987) • START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Tr.) cut #Nukes from 23,500  15,400 (1991) • START II Eliminated land based MIRV’s (Multiple Indep. Re-entry Vehicles) (1993) • Agreement to cut # of US & Russian warheads to under 2000 each (2001) SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Cont. dev. of more powerful nukes Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    37. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Scares each side away from intentional aggression Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: US space program to catch SU Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  US develops H-bomb by 1952 Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) SU develops A-bomb by 1949 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Growing strain on US & Sov. Econ’s Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb EFFORTS BY BOTH SIDES TO AVOID NUCLEAR WAR: • Hot line to ensure better communications during crisis (1962) • Test Ban Treaty outlawing atmospheric tests (1963) • Nuclear non proliferation treaty to stop spread of Nukes (1968) • SALT I Treaty limiting number of new weapons (1972) • SALT II Treaty  New cap on number of new weapons (1979) • INF (Intermediate Nucl. Forces) Treaty eliminates many missiles, esp. in Eur. (1987) • START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Tr.) cut #Nukes from 23,500  15,400 (1991) • START II Eliminated land based MIRV’s (Multiple Indep. Re-entry Vehicles) (1993) • Agreement to cut # of US & Russian warheads to under 2000 each (2001) SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Cont. dev. of more powerful nukes Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    38. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Scares each side away from intentional aggression Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: US space program to catch SU Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  US develops H-bomb by 1952 Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) SU develops A-bomb by 1949 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Growing strain on US & Sov. Econ’s Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb EFFORTS BY BOTH SIDES TO AVOID NUCLEAR WAR: • Hot line to ensure better communications during crisis (1962) • Test Ban Treaty outlawing atmospheric tests (1963) • Nuclear non proliferation treaty to stop spread of Nukes (1968) • SALT I Treaty limiting number of new weapons (1972) • SALT II Treaty  New cap on number of new weapons (1979) • INF (Intermediate Nucl. Forces) Treaty eliminates many missiles, esp. in Eur. (1987) • START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Tr.) cut #Nukes from 23,500  15,400 (1991) • START II Eliminated land based MIRV’s (Multiple Indep. Re-entry Vehicles) (1993) • Agreement to cut # of US & Russian warheads to under 2000 each (2001) SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Cont. dev. of more powerful nukes Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    39. FC.144 THE NUCLEAR ARMS RACE (1945-2001) Scares each side away from intentional aggression Human or mech. error could  Destr. of civiliz. Growing threat & fear of nuclear war in 1950s as seen in: Sov. bomber able to hit US Anti nuclear protests in West Sov’s dev. ICBMs & launch Sputnik US reacts more to fear of Sov. nucl. superiority than to fear of nucl. war: US space program to catch SU Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): nuclear strategy of inflicting total destr. on aggressor  US develops H-bomb by 1952 Tensions over Cuba nearly trigger nuclear war (1962) SU develops A-bomb by 1949 US spy flights Get caught (1960) Huge Sov. nucl. tests to cover its nucl. inferiority Growing strain on US & Sov. Econ’s Both sides work on much more destructive H-bomb EFFORTS BY BOTH SIDES TO AVOID NUCLEAR WAR: • Hot line to ensure better communications during crisis (1962) • Test Ban Treaty outlawing atmospheric tests (1963) • Nuclear non proliferation treaty to stop spread of Nukes (1968) • SALT I Treaty limiting number of new weapons (1972) • SALT II Treaty  New cap on number of new weapons (1979) • INF (Intermediate Nucl. Forces) Treaty eliminates many missiles, esp. in Eur. (1987) • START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Tr.) cut #Nukes from 23,500  15,400 (1991) • START II Eliminated land based MIRV’s (Multiple Indep. Re-entry Vehicles) (1993) • Agreement to cut # of US & Russian warheads to under 2000 each (2001) SU develops H-bomb by 1953 Cont. dev. of more powerful nukes Stalin’s rule in E. Eur. (FC.138) West reacts vs. Stalin (FC.138) Other side fearful of 1st side  Develops new weapons One side fearful of other side  Develops new weapons Sov. Espionage in US (FC.140) US has A-bomb (FC.137) Criticized for being soft on Commun.  Ike raises defense budgets Stress science & math in US educ.

    40. The Trinity test (July, 1945)