Mission First... Safety Always! • Safety is not a box to check or a separate activity that we “finish.” • Rather, safety must be an integral part of how we operate in every activity.
Safety means…. • Paying attention • Thinking clearly • Doing the “right thing”
Safety & Risk Management Process • PERCEIVE hazards • PROCESS risk level • PERFORM risk management
STEP ONE: PERCEIVE hazards related to: PILOT and PEOPLE involved in the event AIRCRAFT & ACTIVITY ENVIRONMENT for activity or event EXTERNAL PRESSURES on participants
STEP TWO: for each hazard, PROCESS risk by considering: CONSEQUENCES of each hazard ALTERNATIVES REALITY (no wishful thinking allowed!) EXTERNAL PRESSURES involved
STEP THREE: for each risk, PERFORM risk management: TRANSFER if appropriate ELIMINATE hazards whenever possible ACCEPT when benefits > consequences MITIGATE hazards and associated risk
Aircraft Safety Example: SAR Exercise • Pilot(s) trained, qualified, current? • Passengers & crew briefed? • Routine / normal operations • Emergency operations & exit • Use of safety belts • Cockpit resource management • Checklists used at all times? • Regular / frequent breaks planned? • Water/food available? • Uniforms appropriate for activity, wx? PILOT
Aircraft Safety Example: SAR Exercise • Briefing for caution around prop? • Ramp safety procedures observed? • Performance calculations made? • Weight & balance computed? • Preflight inspection completed? • Squawks cleared? • Emergency equipment on board? AIRCRAFT
Aircraft Safety Example: SAR Exercise • Weather conditions acceptable? • Wing/tail clearance from hangar? • At least 2 people to pull/push from hangar • Use centerlines & max movement lines • Do not rush! • Airspace reviewed (incl. TFRs)? • Runway lengths acceptable? • Airport layout reviewed? ENVIRONMENT
Aircraft Safety Example: SAR Exercise • Safety veto policy* in place? • Safety veto policy briefed to all? • External pressures identified/briefed? • “Antidotes” to pressures briefed? • Pride / ego issues left at the door? EXTERNALPRESSURES *Any CAP member must be able to make a “safety veto” on any activity at any time, without fear of ridicule or reprisal from any other member.
Aircraft Safety Example: Audience participation • Think of an activity or event familiar to you. • What are the hazards arising from the Pilot and People involved, the Aircraft & activity, the enVironment for the event, and the External pressures? • For each hazard, think of Consequences, Alternatives, Reality, External pressures. • What can you do to Transfer, Eliminate, Accept, or Mitigate the risk to safety?