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Chapter 14

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  1. Chapter 14 CRISIS, 1850’S

  2. 1850 • Expansion, growth

  3. 1850 • 23 mil. • Wealthier • Industry (2nd) • Exports • Slave south?

  4. NATIONAL IDENTITY • American Renaissance • Moby Dick, Scarlet Letter • Douglass • Brutality • Uncle Tom’s Cabin • Action

  5. SLAVERY • Conflict • Hottest issue

  6. SOCIETY • Two perspectives • Slavery, economics, social • Slavery, most important

  7. COMPROMISE • Slavery • No slavery

  8. Popular Sovereignty • Slavery • People voted

  9. The Compromise of 1850 • California: free state • New Mexico, Utah: popular sovereignty • Slave trade, D.C. • Fugitive slave act

  10. KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT • Plains: settlement • Native lands • Slavery?

  11. “Bleeding Kansas” • Both sides • Southern militia • John Brown: abolitionist • Violence and division • Premonition

  12. DIVISION • Politics • Nation

  13. Republicans • Anti-slavery, anti-Catholic • Modern day Republicans • Lincoln

  14. DRED SCOTT V. SANFORD • Supreme Court • Scott family • Decision • Scott: slave, cannot sue • All Blacks: not citizens

  15. HARPER’S FERRY • John Brown • Federal arsenal, VA • Slave uprising • Northern financial support • martyr or lunatic?

  16. The execution by hanging of John Brown, December 2, 1859 is depicted in this popular image in a northern newspaper as a solemn military occasion. Southerners were angered and alarmed by popular northern opinion that regarded Brown as a martyr rather than as a terrorist.SOURCE:Frank Leslie ’s Illustrated Newspaper ,December 10,1859.Library of Congress.

  17. 1860 ELECTION • 2nd highest turnout • Lincoln • Slavery • Social equality? • Preserve Union • Winner: division

  18. Secession • Break way • December 1860, South Carolina • Confederate States of America • Slavery