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Chapter 14 Wildlife, Fisheries and Endangered Species Traditional Single-Species Wildlife Management Assumptions Maximum Sustainable Yield: The population size that yielded maximum production Minimal Viable Population: The goal for a threatened or endangered species

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chapter 14

Chapter 14

Wildlife, Fisheries and Endangered Species

Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

traditional single species wildlife management
Traditional Single-Species Wildlife Management
  • Assumptions
  • Maximum Sustainable Yield: The population size that yielded maximum production
  • Minimal Viable Population: The goal for a threatened or endangered species

Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

slide3
Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

the logistic growth curve
The Logistic Growth Curve

Def: The S-shaped growth curve that is generated by the logistic growth equation

  • In the logistic, a small population grows rapidly, but the growth rate slows down, and the population eventually reaches a constant size

Logistic Carrying Capacity:

The population size at which birth equals deaths and there is no net change in the population

Optimum Sustainable Population:

The population level that results in an optimum sustainable yield. The level is in some way best for the population, its ecological community, its ecosystem or the biosphere

Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

slide5
Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

classic cases of wildlife management or mismanagement
Classic Cases of Wildlife Management or Mismanagement
  • The American Grisly Bear
  • The American Bison
  • A common goal in wildlife conservation is to “restore” the abundance of a species
  • Adequate information of the abundance of a species is very rare

Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

improved approaches to wildlife management
Improved Approaches to Wildlife Management
  • Time Series and Historical Range of Variation

- Time Series: an estimate of a population over a number of years

- Historical Range of Variation: the known range of abundances of a population over some past time interval

  • Age Structure as Useful Information
  • Harvests as an Estimate of Numbers
    • Catch per Unit Effort: estimates previous animal abundance. Assumes same effort by hunters.

Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

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Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

fisheries
Fisheries
  • The Decline of Fish Populations
  • Can Fishing Ever Be Sustainable?
    • Past experience suggests that economically beneficial sustainability is unlikely for most wild populations

Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

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Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

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Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

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Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

slide13
Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

slide14

The Current Status of Endangered Species

  • The Red Book
  • Endangered vs. Threatened
  • How a Species Becomes Endangered or Extinct
  • Local Extinction:
  • Occurs when a species disappears from a part of its range
  • Global Extinction:
  • Occurs when a species cannot be found anywhere

Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

the good news
The Good News
  • Many species have been successfully restored to an abundance
  • Success is achieved when the habitat is restored to conditions required by a species
  • The conservation of wildlife offers great rewards of long-standing and deep measure to people

Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

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Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e

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Botkin and Keller

Environmental Science 5e