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Industrial Revolution Quiz. 1. Where did the Industrial Revolution begin?( what country) 2. What two natural resources did this country have in abundance? 3. Define the term enclosure movement - 4. Name two inventions of the Agricultural revolution -

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industrial revolution quiz
Industrial Revolution Quiz
  • 1. Where did the Industrial Revolution begin?( what country)
  • 2. What two natural resources did this country have in abundance?
  • 3. Define the term enclosure movement -
  • 4. Name two inventions of the Agricultural revolution -
  • 5. Name the two men associated with the creation of the steam engine -
  • 6. In what year did Marx and publish the Communist Manifesto?
the industrial revolution great britain
The Industrial Revolution -Great Britain
  • The Agricultural Revolution paves the way for the Industrial Revolution.
  • The enclosure movement begins in England.
  • New innovations in Agriculture - seed drill, crop rotation, mechanical reaper.
  • By the 1850’s many farm workers moved to the city.
the factors of production
The Factors of Production
  • Great Britain had abundant land, capital, and labor.
  • Great Britain had abundant supplies of Coal, Iron and Natural waterways.
  • Managing a business was looked on as a good job or profession.
  • The British colonies were a huge market and the British navy could deliver the goods.
the textile industry
The Textile Industry
  • Textile industry was the first industry to use mechanization.
  • The factory system replaced the domestic system in producing textiles.
  • New inventions like the flying shuttle, and the spinning mule increase production.
  • Cotton becomes “King”, in the South to supply England.
steam engines
Steam Engines
  • Water Power drove the early machines of the Industrial Revolution.
  • Thomas Newcomen produced the first steam engine for draining mines.
  • In 1760, James Watt produced the modern steam engine.
  • Bessemer process developed to make steel used in steam engines.
industrialization takes off
Industrialization takes off
  • Coke gas used in iron production used in gas lights. Darby - coal to coke
  • Samuel Slater smuggles textile secrets to the U.S.
  • Andrew Carnegie brings the steel making Bessemer process to the U.S.
  • Samuel Morse invents the telegraph and Morse Code.
  • The Free market is allowed to determine who will be successful and who will be poor. The gap between rich and poor increases.
railroads and steamboats
Railroads and Steamboats
  • 1814 George Stephenson perfected a locomotive, (The Rocket)- 29 mph.
  • Robert Fulton perfected the steamboat ( The Clermont).
  • The Cunard line built. Steam ships of iron and steel.
  • The Communications Revolution Volta - the Battery, Marconi - radio, Morse - telegraph.

Guglielmo

Marconi

the spread of industry
The Spread of Industry
  • The European continent was slow to industrialize.
  • Belgium, France, and Germany developed much later than Great Britain.
  • By 1870 the U.S. was second only to Great Britain as manufacturing nation.
  • Eli Whitney - the cotton gin and Cyrus McCormick - the mechanical reaper.

Cyrus

McCormick

the effects of machines on work
The Effects of Machines on Work
  • Machines allowed unskilled workers to become productive.
  • Women and children worked for lower wages. ( Older skilled workers became unemployed).
  • Wages were paid for hours or goods produced. Wages were determined by supply and demand.
  • The owner of the factory owned the means of production.

Child

Labor

factory rules and regulations
Factory Rules and Regulations
  • Working in early factories was dangerous, hard work.
  • Normal work day was 14 hours, 6 days a week.
  • Early factories were noisy, unsanitary, and unsafe.
  • 5 year olds were employed in the coal mines and textile mills.
  • Living conditions in homes were cramped and unhealthy.

Power

Looms

development of the middle class
Development of the Middle Class
  • Bankers, merchants, doctors, lawyers, became middle class.
  • The middle class became wealthy during the industrial revolution.
  • Women’s role in the economy changed to one of lesser status.
  • Domestic service was a common job for working women.
  • Middle class women became nurses, teachers, social workers.

Working

Women

the new industrial economy
The New Industrial Economy
  • Capitalism - When the individual controls the factors of production.
  • Commercial capitalism - trading goods and services.
  • Industrial capitalism - production and manufacturing of goods.
  • Division of Labor - breaking work up into steps.
  • Whitney- interchangeable parts.

Eli Whitney

the rise of the corporation
The Rise of the Corporation
  • Mass Production - manufacturing a large number of identical items.
  • Henry Ford’s assembly line - manufactured the Model T Ford. Cheap, reliable transportation.
  • Sole proprietorship - business owned and run by one person. partnership is owned by two or more people.
  • corporation - owners buy stock, Board of directors, shares.

Model T

Ford

business cycles
Business Cycles
  • J.P. Morgan - U.S. financier who helped create Standard Oil and U.S. Steel.
  • monopolies - control of the total production of a good or service by a single firm.
  • cartel - a combination of corporations set up to control a good or service.
  • Business cycle - alternating periods of prosperity and decline.

J.P.

Morgan