Industrial Revolution Vocabulary, Concept Attainment, and Timeline Mr. Perreault RMPS 6th Grade
Ideas/Terms: • Industrialization • Industrial Revolution • Urbanization • Conservation • People: • Robert Fulton • Eli Whitney • John Deere • Alfred Nobel • Henry Ford • Things: • Natural Resources • Interchangeable Parts • Steam Engine • Spinning Jenny • Factory • Assembly Line • Rail Roads
Concept Attainment • What does it mean to be Industrialized? • The follow slideshow will show you several pictures. Some come from places that are Industrialized while others come from places that are not. • Your Task is to create a “T” chart and number from 1 to 20 on that chart. If a picture is Industrialized, put an “X” or check mark under the correct side for “Industrialized”. If a picture is not “industrialized” put an “X” or check mark under the correct side of “Not-Industrialized”.
Industrialized? Industrialized Not -Industrialized 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. … X x X x X X X x x X x
Concept Attainment • Create a spiderweb/bubble chart for Industrialization. Put Industrialization in the center of your chart in a circle and then branch off of it.
Define It • What is Industrialization?
What do you need to be Industrialized? • Create a list of a few characteristics a country or place would need to have in order to be industrialized. • Characteristic 1 – • Characteristic 2 – • Characteristic 3 – • Characteristic 4 – • Characteristic 5 –
Industrial Revolution • The Industrial Revolution was the processof change from an agrarian (rural), handicraft (hand made) economy to one dominated by industryand machine manufacture. This process began in England in the 18th century and from there spread to other parts of the world. (Encyclopedia Britannica) • Write this definition in your own words:
Basically…. • The Industrial Revolution was a time when: • 1. People Moved from Farm to Factory. • 2. Goods Moved from being made by hand to being made by machine.
Timeline • Organize the following Dates/Events into a timeline for the Industrial Revolution: • 1769 Richard Arkwright invents a spinning frame powered by water. • 1727 Thomas Newcomen improves the steam engine • 1815 Humphry Davy invents a safety lamp that warns miners of explosive gas. • 1742 First cotton factories in England • 1764 James Hargreaves invents the spinning jenny. • 1769 James Watt designs a more efficient steam engine. • 1709 Abraham Darby discovers smelting iron with coke (carbon) • 1779 The first iron bridge is built • 1825 Fist passenger railroad in England • 1799 Steam Engines power mills making paper, flower, and textile (fabric). • 1733 John Kay invents the flying shuttle, speeding up weaving. • 1698 Thomas Savery develops a steam engine to pump water out of mines • 1842 The British Parliament bans all women and children under the age of 10 working underground coal mines.
HERE IS THE CORRECT ORDER TIMELINE OF EVENTS • 1698 Thomas Savery develops a steam engine to pump water out of mines • 1709 Abraham Darby discovers smelting iron with coke (carbon) • 1727 Thomas Newcomen improves the steam engine • 1733 John Kay invents the flying shuttle, speeding up weaving. • 1742 First cotton factories in England • 1764 James Hargreaves invents the spinning jenny. • 1769 James Watt designs a more efficient steam engine. • 1769 Richard Arkwright invents a spinning frame powered by water. • 1779 The first iron bridge is built • 1799 Steam Engines power mills making paper, flower, and textile (fabric). • 1815 Humphry Davy invents a safety lamp that warns miners of explosive gas. • 1825 Fist passenger railroad in England • 1842 The British Parliament bans all women and children under the age of 10 working underground coal mines.
Causes of the Industrial Revolution • What are the causes of the Industrial Revolution? • Why did this happen during the 18th and 19th Century? • Why didn’t the Industrial Revolution happen globally? • Are countries going through an industrial revolution now?
Causes • 1. Growth in population and new market oversees. • 2. A country becoming wealthy on changes in agriculture had money to invest in new ideas. • 3. The country had what was needed for an industrial revolution – water and coal for power, iron ore, transport. • 4. Changes in one industry (eg textiles) led to changes in others (eg. - iron).
Impact of the Industrial Revolution • The growth of the factory system and decline of domestic industry. • Shift of population from country to town and from south and east to Midlands and north. • Poor living and working conditions in short and mid-term. • Increase in national wealth meant gradual rise in standard of living. • Social, economic and political changes meant that it was inevitable that there would eventually be a call for education, the vote, greater equality (for women as well as between classes), etc.
Quick Quiz • Define Industrialization? • Name 3 characteristics of an industrialized society/country? • What was the Industrial Revolution? • What was one cause of the Industrial Revolution? • What was one impact of the Industrial Revolution?
Compare Today with Long Ago • Imagine you could have a conversation with a kid your age back in the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. • Create a brief dialogue (conversation) between yourself and this kid from the 1800s. • Remember they didn’t go to school, they worked 12 hours a day in a factory. • Describe your life and have them describe their life. • Decide whether you would want to go back in time to live with them or have them live in our time. Explain your answer.
Example FutureKid22: Hi, I’m from the future. What is your name? MillworkerKid01: My name is Jack, I live in a factory town with my siblings and parents. FutureKid22: What do you do for fun? MillworkerKid01: I normally work 12 hours a day, but on Sundays I sometimes play stick ball with my friends and brothers.