Basic Water Safety and Rescue A Blueprint to Surviving the Water Response.
How Many of You……. • Are A Kayaker • Are A Floater / River Runner • Have Water Rescue Training • Are A Strong Swimmer
Be Afraid….. Be Very Afraid • Water and flood related incidents make up 1-2% of fire department incidents in the United States • Approximately 1% of fire service fatalities are water related.
Still Waters? • Moving water is more dangerous than still water. • If the water speed doubles the force increases 4 times • Water can float cars in as little as foot of water • 2 feet of water at 6 mph will float a passenger car • Even boats, PWC’s and hovercraft can be affected and flipped by moving water.
Eddy is that you? • Eddies are caused by objects in the river or by the river bank • Essentially it is a backflow that travels upstream • Seek these areas when in trouble as they are relatively calm and get you our of the main current.
Low Head Dams • Also known as drowning machines • Can be both man made and natural • Have a current that sinks boats and holds objects in a circulating current • STAY AWAY, DON’T PLAY
Strainers • Strainers are caused by river debris • They live up to their name, what do you use a strainer for? • Once caught the water force holds a person in place. • Avoid them if you can. If you can’t be careful of them and don’t fall victim.
Foot Entrapments • Foot entrapments are not a hydraulic but are worsened by hydraulic forces. • Swimming properly in swiftwater will help avoid this. • There are rescue techniques for those who are trapped by this.
Swiftwater Swimming • In moving water standing up can be fatal and swimming face down can cause injuries • The answer is to swim on your back with your feet downstream • To traverse the current put your head in the direction you want to travel
Attitude, who me? • Each of the emergency services has their own mentality and equipment. • Each of these has their drawbacks. • We will go over each so you are aware of them and can mitigate your own attitude.