Large Animal Water Rescue Dr. Rebecca Gimenez VMAT-3 Member Primary Instructor, TLAER
LAR Water Rescue (circa 1922) <- He has an excuse – he’s blind. WHAT is this guy THINKING? LOW HEAD DAM
Water Rescue Scenarios WHERE ANGELS FEAR TO TREAD!
Does this look like an easy scenario to solve? Do a RISK ASSESSMENT! Is the floodwater still coming up? Can you use your assets to bring forage, feed and water to stranded animals? Courtesy Dr. Tom McGinn
WHICH ONE of these Scenarios is the MOST DANGEROUS?
This scenario brings to mind its own set of concerns. PRIMARILY – the PERSON! Shallow and still it may seem – but when sharing that space with a 1,200 lb terrified and injured animal – it is VERY DANGEROUS! Photo courtesy Barry O’brien
1 4 2 5 3 Photos courtesy of Barry O’Brien Australia Severe Neck Fracture
Water Rescue • Develop a unit policy on: • “Go” and “No Go” • Based on: • Risk assessment • Training • Personnel • Available PPE
Hurricane Floyd Is there ANYTHING that looks prepared and safe in this picture?
PRIORITIZE – “RETHROG-H”(adapted from Human and Small Animal training) • Reach – Use a pole to grab victim? • Throw – Throw a floating object to victim? • Row – Get into the rescue environment with victim in a boat or watercraft. Possibly with planning. • Go – Get out of the boat and perform a swimming rescue of the victim. NEVER in LAR! • Helo – LAST choice, may consider in certain situations. HUMAN RESCUERS ARE ALWAYS MORE VALUABLE THAN A VICTIM, and ESPECIALLY AN ANIMAL VICTIM.
LAR Water Rescue • DO NOT attempt unless you have certified training in water • (swift & flood) rescue, and cert. updated regularly. • MUST have adequate gear / equipment for water rescue. • Water helmet , Rescue Personal Floating Device (PFD) , • Dry/wet suit , Shoes , Knife, Gloves , Goggles • Ten percent of the fatalities during Hurricane Floyd (CDC) • were due to lack of flood rescue training and equipment. • Fun Factoids: A 9 mph current exerts 300 p.s.i. on the rescuer. • When the speed of water doubles, it QUADRUPLES its force. • Never get downstream of the victim, never tie yourself to ANYTHING! • Flood waters ARE Hazardous Materials, and they are floating in it! • 90% of your training in water rescue is HOW TO RESCUE YOURSELF!
30 minutes after the owner successfully haltered and evacuated the horses, the barn collapsed. Be EXTREMELY careful sending any rescue personnel into structures affected by floodwater. Beaver Dam Collapse Horses do not perceive objects (like fences, farm implements, etc.) when they are covered with floodwaters and will get caught in them.
Is this an animal YOU would want to eat after it has sloshed around in hazardous materials in the water for a few days? Public Health and Food Safety concerns MUST be addressed with food animals. Photo courtesy of United Animal Nations Does this pass the SMART test? Does it look HUMANE? Do they look PREPARED? Is this person really going to be able to prevent this pig from drowning?
Courtesy of Dr. Tom McGinn, VMAT –3 Animals CANNOT swim for miles, if leading the animals try to stick to shallow water and tie the animal off to the boat. Some fractious animals may attempt to get IN the boat and can be very dangerous to small craft. Hurricane Floyd, NC 1999
Plan for Cadaver Removal – Recovery Operations Courtesy of Dr. Tom McGinn Exhaustive Time, Effort, Expense, Public Health Concerns. This cannot be allowed to happen on a grand scale!
Rx: Cool Water Hosing BID, Tincture of Green Soap Spray, Allow to Dry. DO NOT Touch, Rub, Or Bandage. Courtesy: Dr. Janice Baker, CPT, US ARMY Vet Corps
Current RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT for an answer to the problem….. “Karma” the swimming volunteer. Photos Courtesy Ginger Bross
Equine Floatation Device (EFD)Prototype “Karma” models the EFD Prototype. Photos Courtesy Doug Johannessen
EFD Equipment Needed: Surcingle Harness with buckles 2 Air Logs with buckle attachments 2 Adjustment Straps with Carabiners Breastcollar Inner Tube (inflated) Polypropylene Tow Rope Air Source (bottle or compressor) Air Line (minimum 20 feet) “Karma” demonstrates the EFD. Photos Courtesy Palm Beach Fire/Rescue