Lecture 5 english morphology 4
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Lecture 5 English morphology-4. Lecture content. Adjectives Identifying the adjectives Adjective classification Use adjectives correctly Adjective degrees Past simple tense - Declarative or statement - Interrogative or question - Negative. Adjectives.

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Lecture 5 english morphology 4

Lecture 5

English morphology-4


Lecture content
Lecture content

  • Adjectives

  • Identifying the adjectives

  • Adjective classification

  • Use adjectives correctly

  • Adjective degrees

  • Past simple tense

    - Declarative or statement

    - Interrogative or question

    - Negative


Adjectives
Adjectives

An adjective modifies (describes or limits) a noun or occasionally a pronoun. For example;

a red barn a swift ride

a happy woman this side

seven crowns some cookies [limiting]

Sometimes adjectives need the in front of them.

the rich the poor

the deaf the dead

the disabled the unemployed

There are many adjectives ending in –ing and –ed.

Jane’s job is boring. Jane is bored (with her job).




Use adjectives correctly
Use adjectives correctly

Predicate adjectives; Forms used in front of noun

Alike like, similar

Alive live, living

Alone lone

Afraid frightened

Asleep sleeping

A predicate adjective appears after a linking verb such as be. It cannot appear directly in front of the noun that it describes.

The snake on the rock was alive. The live snake was lying on the rock.


Use adjectives correctly1
Use adjectives correctly

Verb forms ending in –ed and –ing can be used as adjectives. For example, the verbal adjectives cleaned and cleaning come from the verb to clean.

The woman cleans the car.

The cleaning woman worked on the car.

The woman put the cleaned car back in the garage.


Use adjectives correctly2
Use adjectives correctly

Sometimes we use two or more adjectives.

  • My brother lives in a nice new house.

  • In the kitchen there was a beautiful large round wooden table.

    Adjectives like new/large/round/wooden are fact adjectives. They give us factual information about age, size, colour etc.

    When there are 2 colour adjectives, we use and; a black and white dress

    Adjectives like nice/beautiful are opinion adjectives. They tell us what somebody thinks of something or somebody.

    Opinion adjectives usually go before fact adjectives.

    I was met an interesting young man yesterday.

    It’s the first day of nice long summer holiday.


Use adjectives correctly3
Use adjectives correctly

We use adjectives after be/get/become/seem;

  • Be careful !

  • Your friend seems very nice.

  • As the film went on, it became more and more boring.

  • I’m tired and I’m getting hungry.

    Compare adjectives ending in –ing and –ed.

    The –ing adjectives tells you about the job.

    The –ed adjectives tells you how somebody feels (about the job).

    My job is boring. I’m bored with my job.

    interesting. I’m not interested in my job any more.

    tiring. I’m always tired when I finish work.

    depressing. My job makes me depressed.



Adjective degrees1
Adjective degrees

Comparison;

I’m taller than you.

You’re more patient than me.

The exam was quite difficult – more difficult than we expected.

They have more money than we have.

You are more handsome than Bat is. You’re taller than him.

He is not as clever as her.

Henry is rich.

He is richer than Arthur.

But he isn’t as rich as John.


Adjective degrees2
Adjective degrees

Superlative;

This hotel is the cheapest in town.

The oldest person in our family is my grandmother.

Dorj is the one of the most hard-working workmen of our company.

Bolor is the prettiest girl in our class.

What is the most exciting movie you have ever seen?

Ghost is the most exciting movie I have ever seen.

Tuya is the best student in our class at math, but Bold is the second best student at math.


Past simple tense
Past simple tense

Something happened once in the past we use Past simple tense when we express about it.

Key words:

  • yesterday morning, yesterday afternoon, yesterday evening

  • last night, last week, last month, last year

  • 3 days ago, 3 weeks ago, 3 months ago, 3 years ago

  • this morning


Past simple tense1
Past simple tense

  • Statement

    SubjectVerb

    I, You, we, they

    He, she, it verb+ed

  • Question

    I

    Didyou, we, they verb?

    he, she, it

  • Negative

    I, You, we, they didn’tverb

    He, she, it



Past simple tense3
Past simple tense

a. What did you do yesterday afternoon?

Yesterday afternoon I played tennis at

school.

b. Where did you live 3 years ago?

I lived in UB 3 years ago.

c. Did you meet Bold last night?

No, I didn’t. I met him last week.

d. Did you go out yesterday evening?

Yes, I did. I went to the cinema with my

friends.

e. I didn’t study English when I was at school.

I studied English when I was a student at University.

f. I cut my finger while I was cooking.

He was walking home when he met Ann.



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