Impact of WW1 on Germany. Lacked a labour force because about 1,700,000 German men had died in WW1. Short of raw materials that were needed to rebuild because: Loss of the Rhineland No country would trade with them. Isolated.
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Desperation & Unhappiness
Increased the appeal extreme political beliefswith radical solutions to Germany’s problems.
Hitler’s extreme Political ideas appealed. People supported him.
Very charismatic speaker.
Gained rich and influential supporters.
Failure of the government to control him.
Was able to ‘deal’ with the competition through the SA.
Gradually the Nazi Party gained more seats in Parliament.
1921 becomes leader of the Nazi Party.
1923 leads a Putsch (revolution) which fails. Hitler sent to jail. Writes Mein Kampf(My Struggle).
1925 Comes out of jail and restarts the party.
1930-33 Nazis steadily increases their seats in parliament. Manipulate democracy. Keep forcing G.Es.
January 1933 – Hitler becomes Chancellor.
February 1933 – Reichstag fire. Gives Hitler emergency powers.
March 1933 – Enabling Act – Gave Hitler complete power. Nazi Party become the only political party permitted in Germany.
1934 – Night of the Long Knives.