Impacts of ww1
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Impacts of WW1. Environment and Human Cost. Human Cost. Casualties: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I_casualties. Casualties of WW1.

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Impacts of ww1

Impacts of WW1

Environment and Human Cost


Human cost
Human Cost

  • Casualties:

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I_casualties


Casualties of ww1
Casualties of WW1

  • The total number of casualties in World War I, both military and civilian, were about 37 million: 16 million deaths and 21 million wounded. The total number of deaths includes 9.7 million military personnel and about 6.8 million civilians. The Entente Powers (also known as the Allies) lost 5.7 million soldiers and the Central Powers about 4 million.


The influenza epidemic
The Influenza Epidemic

  • In 1918 when the war was over, empires disintegrated into smaller countries, marking the division of Europe today. Over 9 million people had died, most of which perished from influenza after the outbreak of the Spanish Flu.

  • The war did not directly cause the influenza outbreak, but it was amplified. Mass movement of troops and close quarters caused the Spanish Flu to spread quickly.


Impacts of ww1
Cont…

  • Furthermore, stresses of war may have increased the susceptibility of soldiers to the disease.


Chemical gas
Chemical Gas

  • Another damaging impact was the application of poison gas.

  • Gases were spread throughout the trenches to kill soldiers of the opposite front.

  • Examples of gases applied during WWI are tear gas (aerosols causing eye irritation), mustard gas (cell toxic gas causing blistering and bleeding), and carbonyl chloride (carcinogenic gas). The gases caused a total of 100,000 deaths.





Links to gas warfare
Links to Gas Warfare

  • Ypres: The Gas Inferno

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g24GtNYJbzU

  • (3/5) Ypres: The Gas Inferno

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d9srvXOsQKI&feature=related

  • (4/5) Ypres: The Gas Inferno

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XIJicphcC_0&feature=related

  • (5/5) Ypres: The Gas Inferno

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OBrye3VZDpk&feature=related

  • (2/5) Ypres: The Gas Inferno

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JqJFtW7U33k&feature=related


Environmental damage
Environmental Damage

  • Battlefields were polluted, and most of the gas evaporates into the atmosphere.

  • After the war, unexploded ammunition caused major problems in former battle areas.

  • Environmental legislation prohibits detonation or dumping chemical weapons at sea, therefore the cleanup was and still remains a costly operation. In 1925, most WWI participants signed a treaty banning the application of gaseous chemical



Impacts of ww1
Cont…

  • Soil structures were altered severely, and if the war was never fought, in all likelihood the landscape would have looked very differently today.

  • because of landscape changes caused by trench warfare.

  • Digging trenches caused trampling of grassland, crushing of plants and animals, and churning of soil.

  • Erosion resulted from forest logging to expand the network of trenches.


Impacts of ww1
Cont…

  • Throughout the areas where trenches and fighting lines were located, such as the Champagne region of France, quantities of unexploded shells and other ammunition have remained, some of which remains dangerous, continuing to cause injuries and occasional fatalities in the 21st century.

  • Some are found by farmers ploughing their fields and have been called the iron harvest.


Impacts of ww1
Cont…

  •  Some of this ammunition contains chemical toxic products such as mustard gas.

  • Cleanup of major battlefields is a continuing task with no end in sight for decades more.

  • Squads remove, defuse or destroy hundreds of tons of unexploded ammunition every year in Belgium and France.