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MUL 2720 “Music of the World” PowerPoint Presentation
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MUL 2720 “Music of the World”

MUL 2720 “Music of the World”

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MUL 2720 “Music of the World”

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  1. MUL 2720“Music of the World” Section 0001 – (Class Nbr.: 11064) Meets Monday, Wednesday & Friday 10:30 am - 11:20 am “HPA I 0112” Health and Public Affairs I,(“behind” Union)

  2. Scott Warfield Assoc. Prof. of Music History Office: PAC M 227Email: scott.warfield@ucf.edu

  3. Some Important Web Pages • My home web page :- Scott Warfield's Home page(google my name to find) • MUL 2720 home web page :- MUL 2720 - Music of the World- links to: Syllabus, Daily Assignments, (my) Review Sheets, PowerPoints, etc. • Course Syllabus- Syllabus (MUL 2720) • “Bookmark” or add to your “Favorites”

  4. The 4 Parameters of Sound • PITCH = the frequency of vibration (heard as “high” vs. “low”) • DURATION = the length of time a sound lasts (heard as aspects of rhythm) • TIMBRE = tone color (the source of the sound, i.e., instrument, voice, other) • DYNAMICS = Loudness/Softness

  5. Timbre • Pronounced “tam-ber” • Also known as “tone color” • The aspect of sound that makes a trumpet different from a flute • Literally, the source of a sound • Technically derives from the “shape” of the sound wave (don’t need to know this)

  6. Sources of Musical Sounds • Human Voices (probably the earliest way humans made music) • Musical Instruments (devices or “tools” for making and controlling sounds) • “Other” sources, e.g., “natural” sounds, electronic devices (synthesizers), etc.

  7. Hornbostel-Sachs Classifications • Aerophones – vibrating column of air (includes woodwinds AND brass) • Chordophones – vibrating string(s) – can be “lutes,” “harps,” or “zithers” • Membranophones – all drums • Idiophones – object itself vibrates • Electrophones – new classification for electronic sounds • Some Examples: Virtual Instrument Museum

  8. The 4 Parameters of Sound • PITCH = the frequency of vibration (heard as “high” vs. “low”) • DURATION = the length of time a sound lasts (heard as aspects of rhythm) • TIMBRE = tone color (the source of the sound, i.e., instrument, voice, other) • DYNAMICS = Loudness/Softness

  9. “RHYTHM” • From a Greek word (“rhythmos”) that means “flow” • Refers to all temporal (durational) elements in a piece of music • “The organization of time in music, dividing up long spans of time into smaller, more easily comprehended units” (Craig Wright [Yale U])

  10. Some Terms related to Rhythm • Beat • Accent • Meter (duple, triple) (simple, compound) • Measure • Tempo • Syncopation • Polyrhythm (Polymeters)

  11. Some Examples • Stars and Stripes Forever - John Philip Sousa - YouTube • The Blue Danube Waltz - Johann Strauss Jr - YouTube • Jethro Tull - Living In The Past 1969 • Mission Impossible TV show theme song - YouTube • Ragtime Piano : SCOTT JOPLIN . " The Entertainer " (1902) - YouTube • Kaida, Rupak Tal - YouTube • Birds of Fire - Mahavishnu Orchestra - YouTube • West Side Story (4/10) Movie CLIP - America (1961) HD – YouTube • Bulgaria folklore, ruchenitsa – YouTube • Kopanitsa A La Turka – YouTube • The Rite of Spring - The Sacrifice - YouTube • Gregorian Chants from Assisi - Medieval Lauds - YouTube