I.P. Pavlov. By: Gabrielle Sipe Video Clip. Classical Conditioning. Most likely to occur when the conditioned stimulus is presented just before the unconditioned stimulus (signal learning) Usually involves the learning of involuntary responses
I.P. Pavlov By: Gabrielle Sipe Video Clip
Classical Conditioning • Most likely to occur when the conditioned stimulus is presented just before the unconditioned stimulus (signal learning) • Usually involves the learning of involuntary responses • Can be used to change undesirable conditioned responses (e.g. Counterconditioning)
Classical Conditioning • The Classical Conditioning Procedure: 1 Food is the unconditioned stimulus or UCS. By this, Pavlov meant that the stimulus that elicited the response occurred naturally. 2 The salivation to the food is an unconditioned response (UCR), that is a response which occurs naturally. 3 The bell is the conditioned stimulus (CS) because it will only produce salivation on condition that it is presented with the food. 4 Salivation to the bell alone is the conditioned response (CR), a response to the conditioned stimulus.
Common Phenomena in C.C. • Associative Bias • Importance of Contingency • Extinction • Spontaneous Recovery • Generalization • Stimulus Discrimination • Higher-Order Conditioning • Sensory Preconditioning
Educational Implications • Practice is important • Students should encounter academic subject matter in a positive climate and associate it with positive emotions • To break a bad habit, a learner must replace one S-R connection with another one • Assessing learning involves looking for behavior changes
Examples • Try your luck at becoming the next Pavlov… • http://nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/pavlov/ • Great comic strips about Pavlov and his dogs • http://www.cartoonistgroup.com/bysubject/subject.php?sid=927 • The Office
Works Cited • http://www.cartoonistgroup.com/bysubject/subject.php?sid=927 • http://www.sott.net/articles/show/136090-Transmarginal-Inhibition • http://www.northern.ac.uk/NCMaterials/psychology/lifespan%20folder/Learningtheories.htm • http://nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/pavlov/