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I.P. Pavlov. By: Gabrielle Sipe Video Clip. Classical Conditioning. Most likely to occur when the conditioned stimulus is presented just before the unconditioned stimulus (signal learning) Usually involves the learning of involuntary responses

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I.P. Pavlov


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    1. I.P. Pavlov By: Gabrielle Sipe Video Clip

    2. Classical Conditioning • Most likely to occur when the conditioned stimulus is presented just before the unconditioned stimulus (signal learning) • Usually involves the learning of involuntary responses • Can be used to change undesirable conditioned responses (e.g. Counterconditioning)

    3. Classical Conditioning • The Classical Conditioning Procedure: 1 Food is the unconditioned stimulus or UCS. By this, Pavlov meant that the stimulus that elicited the response occurred naturally. 2 The salivation to the food is an unconditioned response (UCR), that is a response which occurs naturally. 3 The bell is the conditioned stimulus (CS) because it will only produce salivation on condition that it is presented with the food. 4 Salivation to the bell alone is the conditioned response (CR), a response to the conditioned stimulus.

    4. Classical Conditioning

    5. Common Phenomena in C.C. • Associative Bias • Importance of Contingency • Extinction • Spontaneous Recovery • Generalization • Stimulus Discrimination • Higher-Order Conditioning • Sensory Preconditioning

    6. Educational Implications • Practice is important • Students should encounter academic subject matter in a positive climate and associate it with positive emotions • To break a bad habit, a learner must replace one S-R connection with another one • Assessing learning involves looking for behavior changes

    7. Examples • Try your luck at becoming the next Pavlov… • http://nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/pavlov/ • Great comic strips about Pavlov and his dogs • http://www.cartoonistgroup.com/bysubject/subject.php?sid=927 • The Office

    8. Works Cited • http://www.cartoonistgroup.com/bysubject/subject.php?sid=927 • http://www.sott.net/articles/show/136090-Transmarginal-Inhibition • http://www.northern.ac.uk/NCMaterials/psychology/lifespan%20folder/Learningtheories.htm • http://nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/pavlov/