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Text Messaging as a Form of Communication for One Individual with Limited Verbal Skills. Presented by: Hilary Berbach. Research Question. In what ways does Tom, my brother with limited verbal skills, use text messaging to communicate? . Purpose of the Study.
In what ways does Tom, my brother with limited verbal skills, use text messaging to communicate?
Having a conversation with my brother was very hard for both my brother and our family. He struggled to get the words out, as well as we struggled to understand what he was saying
To see if text-messaging can be used as a new form of assistive technology for students who have limited verbal skills
Text messaging has become one of the most important and popular forms of communication in our society today (Pilling & Barrett, 2007; Holtgraves, 2010; Sweeny, 2010; Okuyama & Iwai, 2011).
Studies have found that people prefer to use text messaging because of the ease of use that text messaging provides, as well as the convenience it provides when sending a quick, short text message to fellow peers (Pilling & Barrett, 2007; Holtgraves, 2010; Fintan & Culwin, 2005)
Text-Messaging provides its users access to a two-way channel to communication without ever having to use one’s voice to communicate (Geng, 2013)
Young adults in the deaf community used text messaging because it allowed them the independence from their anxious parents who were worried about their ability to navigate the hearing world (Akamatsu, Mayer & Farrelly, 2005)
27-year-old Caucasian male with Down Syndrome.
middle child from an upper- middle class family.
a high school diploma and has attended a four- year college experience program.
lives in an apartment with one other peer and has one person come in to check on him each day for a few hours.
His parents are still very involved in his life and are the reason why Tom started using text messaging to communicate with them on a daily basis.
61-year-old Caucasian female, who lives an upper-middle class lifestyle
a retired librarian from a local rural high school
first started communicating with Tom via text messaging three years ago
Observation and field notes
Took condensed field notes (Spradley & Baker, 1980) while watching Tom text
text messages used to tell something
text messages used to convey emotion or feelings
text messages used to ask a question or make a request
text messages used to check in with Susan
text messages used to respond to direct questions or requests
Tom used text messaging to tell Susan something
Tom told Susan that he is going to day habilitation tomorrow
Susan replied back to him telling him to set his alarm and go to bed early.
Tom told his mom about his plans for the next morning.
Tom conveyed an urgent message repeatedly
Tom used text messages to ask a question or make a request
Tom used text messages to “check in” with others
Check-in was a way for Tom to say good night to his mother or to tell her that he will see her tomorrow
Tom used text messages to a direct question or request.
Akamatsu, C.T., Mayer, C., & Farrelly, S. (2005). An investigation of two-way text messaging use with deaf students at the secondary level. Oxford University Press.
Corbin, J.M., & Strauss, A.L. (2008). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. Sage Publications, Inc.
Fintan, X., & Culwin, F. (2005). When fingers do the talking: A study of text messaging. Interacting With Computers, 17(2) 167-185.
Geng, G. (2012). Investigating the use of text messages in mobile learning. Active Learning in Higher Education, 14(1) 77-87.
Holtgraves, T. (2010). Text messaging personality, and the social context. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 92-99.
Okuyama, Y., & Iwai, M. (2011). Use of text messaging by deaf adolescents in Japan. Sign Language Studies, 11(3) 375-407.
Pilling, D., &Barrett, P. (2007). Text communication preferences of deaf people in the United Kingdom. Oxford University Press.
Spradley, J.P., & Baker, K. (1980). Participant observation. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New Y ork.