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Highway & Rural Driving. Chapter 11. Highway A main public roadway designed to carry traffic for long, uninterrupted periods at medium to high speeds Can have intersections with cross traffic, side roads, driveways, etc. 11-1 The Rural driving environment.

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11 1 the rural driving environment

Highway

    • A main public roadway designed to carry traffic for long, uninterrupted periods at medium to high speeds
    • Can have intersections with cross traffic, side roads, driveways, etc.
11-1 The Rural driving environment
11 1 the rural driving environment1

Typical highways is a two-way, two-lane road separated by double yellow lines

  • Major rural highways, including interstates, have four or more lanes.
  • Divided Highway
    • Opposing directions of travel are separated by a fixed barrier or area of space called a median strip
      • Areas can be paved, dirt, or landscaped
11-1 The Rural Driving Environment
11 1 the rural driving environment2

Rural Roads

    • Old, narrow, and originally designed for slower speeds
    • Paved with various materials
      • Concrete, asphalt, macadam, cobblestone or brick
    • Traction varies with weather conditions
    • May be grooved or rutted
    • Potholes and other damaged sections left unrepaired for long periods of time
      • Patched quickly with asphalt
    • Not cleaned regularly
      • Debris can be left on the road for
11-1 The rural Driving Environment
11 1 the rural driving environment3

Rural Intersections

    • T-Intersections
      • Side roads join a main road with through traffic at a right angle
      • Common and dangerous
        • Difficult to see vehicles enter from the side roads
    • Y-Intersections
      • Often the site of junctions of minor and major roads
      • Can be confusing for beginning drivers
        • Either fail to stop or stop when they are not supposed to
11-1 The Rural Driving Environment
11 1 the rural driving environment4

Unmarked Driveways

    • Driveways to farms or fields
      • Can be hidden by bushes, crops, or trees
      • Look for mailboxes, gates, openings in fences,
      • Reduce speed and be prepared for vehicles to pull out in front of you
  • Entry/Exit Problems
    • When entering:
      • Wait for larger gaps in traffic before you pull out
    • When exiting:
      • Make sure you slow down earlier than usual
11-1 The Rural driving environment
11 1 the rural driving environment5

Crossover

    • Special area where vehicles can turn around and go in the opposite direction
    • Unpaved crossovers are usually restricted to law-enforcement and emergency vehicles
11-1 the rural driving environment
11 2 defensive driving on highways

Reduced visibility

    • Vision is more limited than on city streets
      • Examples?
    • Because of this, signs are posted further in advance
    • Make sure to look off-road as well as in front of you
  • Increase your following distance
    • At highway speeds greater than 50 mph, you need 6 seconds to stop or avoid an accident
    • Utilize “covering the brake”
11-2 Defensive Driving on highways
11 2 defensive driving on highways1

Highway Passing

    • Multilane roads – stay in the right lane unless you are passing another vehicle or preparing to turn
    • Two-lane Highway – do not cross the center line unless you can see far enough ahead to know whether you can pass safely
    • Don’t pass on hills or curves – pass on straight sections of the road
    • Multi-Lane - Always pass on the left unless the vehicle you are wanting to pass is turning left or not keeping with the flow of traffic, then you can pass on the right
11-2 defensive driving on highways
11 3 other dangers of highway rural driving

Velocitation

    • Driving much faster than intended
  • Highway Hypnosis
    • Becoming hypnotized by the road
    • Feel like you just awakened from a dream with no recollection of the last few seconds
  • To prevent both:
    • Drive when mentally fresh
    • Stop frequently and break trips up
11-3 other dangers of highway & rural driving
11 3 other dangers of highway rural driving1

Slow-Moving Vehicles

    • “wide-load” vehicles
    • Construction zones
    • Farm equipment
  • Dangers:
    • Not designed for high speed travel
    • Difficult to pass
  • Reduce speed and don’t attempt to pass unless you can see clearly the road ahead
11-3 other dangers of highway & rural driving
11 3 other dangers of highway rural driving2

Off-Road Vehicles

    • Less stable than cars and provide little protection to operators in a collision with a motor vehicle
  • Livestock Crossing Areas
  • Horse-Drawn Vehicles and Riders
  • Wild Animals
11-3 other dangers of highway & rural driving