Ageingin Belgium Bovy Claire Deneil Hélène Mairy Pierre-Olivier Navet Amandine Racot Valérie Taybi Samira Teacher: Biernaux Marie-Frédérique
An other view of ageing • Our population in maybe younger than 50 years ago • Stereotypes : change your mind about that
Belgium case • Ageing ? When do you become a senior citizen ? • Senior citizen population can be devided in two parts • The actifs • The others
Belgium case • Belgium
Belgium case • Whatis the problem for us ? • Social security
Belgium case 45 yearsold The end of your life
Belgium case 45 yearsold The end of your life • Difficulties for seniors at work • Advantages for the organization • Belgium state’s help • Solutions to keep elderly to work
Advantages to have elder workers • They bring: • Experience • Ambition • Great capacity of adaptation • Great competences
Belgium State helps elderly to stay employed • Advantages for the employers • Reduction of costs • Financial help to adapt the working conditions • Professional experience’s found • Advantages for the workers • Senior vacation • Bonus for lighter function • Double premium for the training • Complement of salary for unemployed people who return to work after 50 years old
In the future… • In 2012 the Belgium government takes two decisions • Employment plan for every company • The obligation to dismiss in every category of age in case of collective dismissal
Solutions to keep elderly at work • Training and professional improvement • Promotion and mobility • Tutoring • Adaptation of the working time • Ergonomic adaptation • Recognition → « Baton passing »
« Baton Passing » • Invention of Victor Newman in 1980 • Transfer of knowledge from elder worker to new arrival
Methodology • A person helps the knowledge's’ transfer between the two participants • Simple and team « Baton Passing »
Three steps • Discussion between the (facilitator) and the older worker • Discussion between the (facilitator) and the new arrival • Meeting all together
Belgium case 45 yearsold The end of your life • Pension • Pension bonus
Pension The age of the retirement How is it calculated ? The amount : between 60 and 75 % Early retirement
Pension bonus • Who can use it ? • 2 conditions : • Tobe 62 years old • OR to have 44 years of career • A fixed amount
Belgium case 45 yearsold The end of your life • How to keep busy • Troubles of the elderly • Solutions for elderly • Intergenerational solidarity
What are seniors doing to keep themselves busy ? • Volunteering • «Clubs » • Training: University of seniors
Solutions for elderly • Home Care • Home delivery services • Home meal delivery services • Physiotherapy
Place : • Rest home • Day and overnight reception centre • Communing housing • Common spaces • Private spaces • Advantages: • Cheap • Win-win relationship: 2 or 3 generations help each other • The olders live in better health
Solutions?... What about IntergenerationalSolidarity? • Intergenerational Solidarity: the principles. • Think Different… about Ageing : different generations so everyone is an essential actor in the society. • The olders teach and share their experiences with the youngers. • The youngers teach and take care of olders. • That means : different generations One population united.
Advantages of Intergenerational Solidarity • To preserve social links. • To create a way to stabilish the economy. • To maintain the activity of the older part of the population with the fast evolution of the society. • To preserve the health of the population.
Definition of Solidarity • A commitment • Mutual Responsibility • A feeling in each of us
Consequences: • Solidarity = A Moral Duty • Solidarity = A process to aim ethics and justice values.
Three essential criteria: • What about a Human commitment? • Is the solution in favor of the weakest people? Of the persons exclude? • Could the solution allow a better « live together » between different generations in society? • If the solution fills the three criteria so the Solidarity Concept is guaranteed.