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Ageing in Belgium

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  1. Ageingin Belgium Bovy Claire Deneil Hélène Mairy Pierre-Olivier Navet Amandine Racot Valérie Taybi Samira Teacher: Biernaux Marie-Frédérique

  2. An other view of ageing • Our population in maybe younger than 50 years ago • Stereotypes : change your mind about that

  3. Belgium case • Ageing ? When do you become a senior citizen ? • Senior citizen population can be devided in two parts • The actifs • The others

  4. Belgium case • Belgium

  5. Belgium case • Whatis the problem for us ? • Social security

  6. Belgium case 45 yearsold The end of your life

  7. Belgium case 45 yearsold The end of your life • Difficulties for seniors at work • Advantages for the organization • Belgium state’s help • Solutions to keep elderly to work

  8. Physical and psychological difficulties

  9. Advantages to have elder workers • They bring: • Experience • Ambition • Great capacity of adaptation • Great competences

  10. Belgium State helps elderly to stay employed • Advantages for the employers • Reduction of costs • Financial help to adapt the working conditions • Professional experience’s found • Advantages for the workers • Senior vacation • Bonus for lighter function • Double premium for the training • Complement of salary for unemployed people who return to work after 50 years old

  11. In the future… • In 2012 the Belgium government takes two decisions • Employment plan for every company • The obligation to dismiss in every category of age in case of collective dismissal

  12. Solutions to keep elderly at work • Training and professional improvement • Promotion and mobility • Tutoring • Adaptation of the working time • Ergonomic adaptation • Recognition → « Baton passing »

  13. « Baton Passing » • Invention of Victor Newman in 1980 • Transfer of knowledge from elder worker to new arrival

  14. Methodology • A person helps the knowledge's’ transfer between the two participants • Simple and team « Baton Passing »

  15. Three steps • Discussion between the (facilitator) and the older worker • Discussion between the (facilitator) and the new arrival • Meeting all together

  16. Belgium case 45 yearsold The end of your life • Pension • Pension bonus

  17. Pension The age of the retirement How is it calculated ? The amount : between 60 and 75 % Early retirement

  18. Pension bonus • Who can use it ? • 2 conditions : • Tobe 62 years old • OR to have 44 years of career • A fixed amount

  19. Belgium case 45 yearsold The end of your life • How to keep busy • Troubles of the elderly • Solutions for elderly • Intergenerational solidarity

  20. What are seniors doing to keep themselves busy ? • Volunteering • «Clubs » • Training: University of seniors

  21. Troubles of the elderly

  22. Solutions for elderly • Home Care • Home delivery services • Home meal delivery services • Physiotherapy

  23. Place : • Rest home • Day and overnight reception centre • Communing housing • Common spaces • Private spaces • Advantages: • Cheap • Win-win relationship: 2 or 3 generations help each other • The olders live in better health

  24. Solutions?... What about IntergenerationalSolidarity? • Intergenerational Solidarity: the principles. • Think Different… about Ageing : different generations so everyone is an essential actor in the society. • The olders teach and share their experiences with the youngers. • The youngers teach and take care of olders. • That means : different generations  One population united.

  25. Advantages of Intergenerational Solidarity • To preserve social links. • To create a way to stabilish the economy. • To maintain the activity of the older part of the population with the fast evolution of the society. • To preserve the health of the population.

  26. The solidarityconcept

  27. Definition of Solidarity • A commitment • Mutual Responsibility • A feeling in each of us

  28. Consequences: • Solidarity = A Moral Duty • Solidarity = A process to aim ethics and justice values.

  29. Three essential criteria: • What about a Human commitment? • Is the solution in favor of the weakest people? Of the persons exclude? • Could the solution allow a better « live together » between different generations in society? • If the solution fills the three criteria so the Solidarity Concept is guaranteed.