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Assignment 1: Contemporary Trends in the Structure of Canada’s International Trade. GEOG 2210: Spatial Organization of Economic Activity Presented: October 4, 2005. Summary. Goals of the Assignment:

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assignment 1 contemporary trends in the structure of canada s international trade

Assignment 1: Contemporary Trends in the Structure of Canada’s International Trade

GEOG 2210: Spatial Organization of Economic Activity

Presented: October 4, 2005

summary
Summary
  • Goals of the Assignment:
    • to expose you to three techniques in the geographer’s ‘toolbox’: data capture, data manipulation and graphic presentation, and data analysis
    • to examine trends in Canada’s International trade (and compare Canada’s trade to that of the U.S., as portrayed in your course textbook)
important details
Important Details
  • Value: 20%
  • Scope: 1000 words + figures
  • Due: Thursday, October 20, 2005
source of help
Source of help:
  • Teaching Assistant: Faye Nelson
  • Contact information:
    • Office: A518
    • E-mail: nelsfe@uleth.ca | Phone: 332-5201
    • Office hours: October 12-20, Monday-Friday, 10am-12pm or by appointment
e stat
E-Stat

5.

4.

6.

cansim
Cansim

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

Search on ‘exports’…

subset selection
Subset selection

13. Select Balance of payments

14. Select major commodity groups 1-5 – both imports and exports

15. Time series: 1971-2004.

phase ii ms excel
Phase II: MS Excel
  • Seven graphs
    • Canada’s overall merchandise trade, 1971-2004
      • Variables: Value over time
      • Series: Total Imports, Total Exports and Trade Balance
    • Canada’s trade structure in 1971 and in 2004

(2 graphs)

      • Variables: Value, grouped by commodity group
      • Series: Imports, Exports, Balance
    • Canadian trade in … (4 graphs)
      • Variables: Value of commodity group trade over time
      • Series: Imports, Exports, Balance

- Need to download additional data!

chart wizard step 1
Chart Wizard step 1

2.

  • Select the data series (spreadsheet values that are used in the chart).
  • Click on the Chart Wizard button.
  • Select the type of chart (e.g. Line).
  • Click on Next.

1.

3.

4.

combined charts
Combined charts
  • Highlight trade balance series by right clicking on it
  • Chart type > Column
formatting plot area
Formatting plot area
  • The grey plot area is unnecessary…
  • Right click on plot area
  • Select Format Plot Area
  • Area: none
2 commodity structure
2. Commodity structure
  • Create new spreadsheet arrangement
  • Highlight cells
  • Click on Chart Wizard…
3 commodity groups
3. Commodity groups
  • Go back and retrieve Imports and Exports data from E-Stat on
    • Live animals
    • Aircraft engines, assemblies and parts
    • Passenger automobiles and chassis
    • Trucks and other motor vehicles
    • Farm machinery, incl tractors
  • Rearrange spreadsheet, calculate balances, create line graphs (with trade balance as column-type bar graph)…

Road vehicles

phase iii data analysis
PHASE III: DATA ANALYSIS
  • Three questions (Note: #2 has three parts)
  • In order to answer the questions you will need…
    • All seven graphs from Phase II
    • Your textbook
    • Possibly some further background information (e.g. relevant and reliable web sites)
questions
Questions
  • 1. Using your text book’s account of the U.S. trade deficit as a starting point, describe Canada’s overall balance of trade over this same period.
  • 2. Describe Canada’s changing commodity structure in relation to that of the U.S..

In which commodities does Canada seem to have greater reliance as an exporter and in which commodities is Canada a larger importer?

Do these broad patterns seem consistent with your expectations under the theory of Comparative Advantage and the Heckscher-Ohlin theory?

  • 3. Describe the principal trends for each of the four commodity groups graphed in Phase II(3). What are the main factors influencing these trends?
tips on earning an a
Tips on earning an “A”

“Mechanics” of an “A” assignment:

  • Graphs are complete (show required relationships) and easy to read. Variables are labeled (incl. units). Legends are brief.
  • All graphs are referred to in the text of the assignment (e.g. …an upward trend (Fig.1).)
  • Graphs have brief captions and the source of the data is referenced (e.g. Source: Statistics Canada, 2005; Cansim Table 228-0003).
tips on earning an a continued
Tips on earning an “A”, continued.
  • Questions are answered in complete sentences with no spelling or grammar mistakes. Thoughts/data that are not your own are referenced.
  • 1000 words
  • See: http://people.uleth.ca/~maclachlan/General/Style_Guide.htm
tips on earning an a continued26
Tips on earning an “A”, continued.

“Quality of thought”

  • Thoroughly analyze your graphs (trends, changes in value)
  • Incorporate information from course textbook and other sources where necessary (remember to cite sources) but also demonstrate your own thinking!
  • Compare/contrast
source of help27
Source of help:
  • Teaching Assistant: Faye Nelson
  • Contact information:
    • Office: A518
    • E-mail: nelsfe@uleth.ca | Phone: 332-5201
    • Office hours: October 12-20, Monday-Friday, 10am-12pm or by appointment