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Today we will:. Look at nouns and gender – case study French. MASCULINE or FEMININE?. Unlike English, French nouns are either MASCULINE or FEMININE. This is known as the GENDER. October 2005 N Marshall Essex Adult Learning Services - Languages.

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today we will

Today we will:

Look at nouns and gender – case study French

masculine or feminine

MASCULINE or FEMININE?

Unlike English, French nouns are either MASCULINE or FEMININE

This is known as the GENDER

October 2005 N Marshall Essex Adult Learning Services - Languages

slide3

Getting the gender right is important in order to avoid confusion and to speak the language correctly.

The = le – goes before masculine nouns

A/an = un – goes before masculine nouns

The = la – goes before feminine nouns

A/an = une – goes before feminine nouns

BUT: l’ (‘the’ before a vowel or h) &

les (‘the’ before plurals)

go with either gender!

masculine nouns
Masculine nouns….
  • Lechien
  • Le sac
  • Lelivre
  • Unchien
  • Un sac
  • Unlivre
feminine nouns
Feminine nouns….
  • Lafille
  • La table
  • Latasse
  • Unefille
  • Une table
  • Unetasse
but how do you know when nouns are masculine or feminine

…..but how do you know when nouns are masculine or feminine?

Here are some pointers…..keep clicking!

most masculine nouns are those that
MOSTmasculine nouns are those that…
  • … end in a consonant
  • … end in –ment
  • … end in –on
  • … end in –é
  • … end in –eau
  • … end in -ède, -ème, -ège
  • … end in –age
  • … end in -ou

(shop)

Lemagasin

(moment)

Le moment

Lepoisson

(fish)

Lemarché

(market)

(boat)

Lebâteau

Lesystème

(system)

Lefromage

(cheese)

Legenou

(knee)

Back to exercises

most feminine nouns are those that
MOSTfeminine nouns are those that…
  • … end in -e
  • … end in a vowel + -e
  • … end in –ion
  • … end in –ise
  • … end in -ance, -ence
  • … end in –ière
  • … end in –ude, -ure
  • … end in –ace, -ade

(table)

La table

(bank)

La banque

La nation

(nation)

L’ église

(church)

(chance)

La chance

La bière

(beer)

La voiture

(car)

La salade

(salade)

Back to exercises

but there are exceptions
BUT there are exceptions…

Masculine nouns usually

  • … end in a consonant
  • … end in –on
  • … end in –eau
  • … end in –age

Feminine nouns usually

  • … end in –e
  • … end in a vowel + -e
  • … end in –ance, -ence

BUT…..

(tooth)

La dent

(drink)

La boisson

La peau

(skin)

La page

(page)

Le fromage

(cheese)

Le musée

(museum)

Le silence

(silence)

Back to exercises

in order to get the gender right learn and visualise all new nouns with the articles

TIP!

In order to get the gender right, learn and visualise all new nouns with the articles…

Le/Un chien

Le/Un fromage

La/Une voiture

La/Une dent

worksheet
Worksheet
  • GENDER – KNOW A LITTLE…
  • Tick under either M for masculine or F for feminine to give the gender:
how does this help us with nouns
How does this help us with nouns?
  • In certain languages the adjective is agreed with the noun.
  • French, German, Spanish, Italian are just a few of these.
  • This is very different from the English.
  • He is tall.
  • She is tall.
  • The adjective does not change!
slide13

Now let‘s look at it in French.

  • Il est grand.
  • Elle est grande.
  • The feminine adds an -e
slide14

Je suis

petit

grand

petite

grande

slide15

Je suis

de taille moyenne

de taille moyenne

slide16

Je suis

gros

grosse

slide17

Je suis

mince

mince

slide20

rouge

bleu

slide21

jaune

vert

slide22

noir

rose

slide23

marron

blanc

les v tements clothes
Les vêtements - clothes
  • http://www.digitaldialects.com/French/Colour.htm
  • http://www.digitaldialects.com/French/Clothes.htm