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Foreign Policy and Washington’s Farewell. Focus Question: How did foreign policy challenges affect political debate and shape American government?. Million $$$ Question: Should US support the French vs. Britain?. French Revolution (1789) Reaction. Democratic-Republicans supported France

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foreign policy and washington s farewell

Foreign Policy and Washington’s Farewell

Focus Question: How did foreign policy challenges affect political debate and shape American government?

french revolution 1789 reaction
French Revolution (1789) Reaction
  • Democratic-Republicans supported France
  • Federalists- support Britain – the French are crazy!
  • Washington: uphold treaty with France? This risks going to war with Britain & hurting the US economy
  • George Washington issues Proclamation of neutrality - the country is too new to get involved in a war

NEUTRAL: The US does not support either side

fighting with native americans
Fighting with Native Americans
  • There are British forts in American territory (west)
  • The British trade fur with Native Americans ($$)
  • They encourage Indians to resist American expansion west - give Indians guns!

Battles with Native Americans

  • Miami Confederacy (Indians) led by Little Turtle defeated US forces in two battles (1790-1791)
  • Little Turtle is a great Indian leader who is able to unite many tribes against the US

Battle of Fallen Timbers The Miami Confederacy force of 2,000 warriors was defeated in 40 minutes by US forces on August 20, 1794.

*Treaty of Greenville signed: Native American leaders give Ohio to U.S.

- The Northwest Territory is open for settlement!


Treaty of Greenville

Ohio territory sold for

$20,000 + annual

payment of $10,000

jay s treaty
Jay’s Treaty
  • John Jay negotiates this treaty with Britain
  • Britain will give control of the NW Territory to the US

BUT Britain will be allowed to continue the fur trade so don’t have to leave

**Many Americans aren’t happy

About this treaty, but it avoids war

With Britain

pinckney s treaty 1795
Pinckney’s Treaty, 1795

Why is this important for the US?

  • Treaty with Spain
  • Gave all land east of the Mississippi River (except Florida) to the US
  • US citizens were allowed to use the

Mississippi River

and the port of

New Orleans

  • Great for trade!!!

Modern day New Orleans port area


George Washington warned of the harmful effect of political parties during his 1796 Farewell Address:

“It agitates the community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms; kindles the animosity of one part against another; foments [incites] occasionally riot and insurrection. It opens the door to foreign influence and corruption…”

george washington s farewell address advice
George Washington’s Farewell Address Advice
  • Avoid political divisions into parties
  • Avoid alliances with other countries
  • Do not get involved in European affairs.
recap washington s achievements
RECAP: Washington’s Achievements
  • Defeating the Indians
  • Opening Western Lands for Settlement
  • Keeping the U.S. out of War with Britain
  • Great Foreign Trade ($$)
  • Stopped the Whiskey Rebellion


Also deep divide between political parties!

notes quiz open note
Notes Quiz – Open Note
  • Who was Jay’s Treaty negotiated with
  • What were the major terms of Pinckney’s Treaty?

3. List 2 things Washington warns about in his farewell address.