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High and Late Middle Ages. 1050-1450. Where it begins…. Feudalism is the way of life Church & Nobles have a great deal of the power Monarchs will attempt to take power back. Who’s Next. King Edward dies Harold vs. Duke William Duke has Pope’s support Invasion of England.

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High and Late Middle Ages


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Presentation Transcript
where it begins
Where it begins…
  • Feudalism is the way of life
  • Church & Nobles have a great deal of the power
  • Monarchs will attempt to take power back
who s next
Who’s Next
  • King Edward dies
  • Harold vs. Duke William
  • Duke has Pope’s support
  • Invasion of England
william the conqueror
William The Conqueror
  • Monitors Castles
  • Allegiance of Vassals
  • Census- Domesday
  • Had to follow Customs
  • Jury System
  • William vs. Church
  • Thomas Beckett- Archbishop of Canterbury
  • Trend?
king john
King John
  • Son of Henry
  • Faced Phillip II of France, Pope Innocent III, and his own nobles
  • Lost to Phillip, Lost Anjou & Normandy
  • Lost to Pope- excommunicated
  • Lost to Nobles- Magna Carta
magna carta
Magna Carta
  • Rebellious Barons
  • Affirmed Feudal Rights
  • Legal rights- People/Church
  • Due Process & Habeas Corpus
  • Monarchy must obey law
  • Council before taxation
parliament
Parliament
  • Evolved from councils
  • Unified England, How?
  • House of Nobles & House of Commons
  • Check’s who?
successful monarchy of france
Successful Monarchy of France
  • 987- Capetians take throne
  • Unbroken for 300 years
  • Effective Bureacracy
  • Taxes & Law
  • Gained Middle class backing
phillip ii
Phillip II
  • Granted Charters
  • Standing Army
  • National Tax
  • Gained English lands in Anjou & Normandy
  • At time of death, most powerful ruler
philip iv
Philip IV
  • Ruthlessly extends royal power
  • Attempts taxes from clergy
  • Ignored rules and arrested clergy that did not pay
  • Clashed with Boniface VIII
  • Sends troops to seize Pope- dies
  • Papalcy moved to Avignon France- why?
louis ix
Louis IX
  • King & Saint
  • Justice & Chivalry
  • 2 Wars against Muslims, persecuted Jews & Heretics
  • Royal Courts
  • Officials to check on officials
  • Outlawed private wars-ends serfdom- significance?
estates general
Estates General
  • Reps from 3 classes- clergy, nobles, townspeople
  • Difference from Parliament?
holy roman empire
Holy Roman Empire
  • After death what happened?
  • Duke Otto I - King of Germany
  • What is Germany?
  • Central & eastern Europe, parts of France & Italy
  • Bishops appointed to government
  • Helps Pope against rebellious nobles
  • Crowned- HRE
  • Emperors chose bishops, issue?
pope vs hre
Pope vs. HRE
  • Pope Gregory VII
  • Wants to separate from secular rulers
  • Banned Lay Investiture
  • Emperor Henry IV
  • Henry is exiled, Forgiven before new HRE
  • Henry invades Rome, exiles Pope
  • 1122- Concordat of Worms- Church picks Bishops
struggle for italy
Struggle for Italy
  • Frederick Barbarossa- tried for Northern Italy, defeated by the pope and Lombard League
  • Fredrick II- Clashed with Popes
  • HRE- fragmented in feudal states
  • Southern Italy & Sicily- upheaval
  • Spain, France, & Pope try to gain influence
height of church power
Height of Church Power
  • Innocent III - Claimed Papal Supremacy
  • Launched Crusade against French that wanted to purify church
  • Monarchs begin to centralize power, clash over clergy taxation
  • Phillip- helps get Pope elected, power of papacy declines