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Cold War: Space Race. Juliana Martin EDCI 270. Background. American Side. Russian Side. The Follow-Up. Quiz. Background. The Background Video. America.

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Cold War: Space Race

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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Cold War: Space Race Juliana Martin EDCI 270

    2. Background American Side Russian Side The Follow-Up Quiz

    3. Background The Background Video

    4. America 1958 The U.S launched its first satellite Explorer 1 designed by the U.S army under the direction of rocket scientist Wernher von Braun

    5. Explorer 1

    6. Who was Wernher von Braun? He is well known as a leader of what has been called the “rocket team”, which developed the V-2 ballistic missile for the Nazis during WWII

    7. NASA • In 1958 President Dwight Eisenhower Signed a public order creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), a federal agency dedicated to space exploration

    8. Later two national security programs were created: • The first, led by U.S. Air Force, dedicated itself to exploiting the military potential of space • The second, led by CIA, known as Corona, used orbiting satellites to gather intelligence on the Soviet Union

    9. Corona Projectclick on the link below to watch a video: Corona Project

    10. May 5th, 1961 astronaut Alan Shephard became the first American in space (though not in orbit)

    11. The Big Promise Later that May, President John F. Kennedy promised American nation that by the end of the decade the United States would land a man on the moon… John F. Kennedy's Speech

    12. In February of 1962 John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth

    13. Apollo 8 December 21, 1968 saw the launch of Apollo 8, the first manned space mission to orbit the moon And just after 147 hours, 0 minutes, 42 seconds, Apollo 8 successfully returned back to Earth

    14. Apollo 11 • July 16, 1969, U.S. astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin and Michael Collins set off on the Apollo 11 space mission, and became the first team of astronauts to land on the moon

    15. “One small step for men, one giant leap for mankind” -Neil Armstrong, the first man to walk on the moon

    16. Lets Review!

    17. True or False • America’s first Satellite was called Explorer I T F

    18. That is correct!!

    19. Sorry, you picked the wrong answer! It was called Explorer I

    20. True or False Corona was a project designated to land American astronauts on the moon by 1970 T F

    21. Yes! It is false!

    22. Sorry, but Corona was a satellite designed to spy on the Soviet Union during the period of Cold War

    23. True or False Neil Armstrong was the only man to ever walk on the moon T F

    24. False! Good job! There were other astronauts who have walked on the moon, including Edwin Aldrin

    25. Oops.. That is wrong There were other astronauts that have been to the moon, including Edwin Aldrin. Pay close attention!

    26. Russia • On October 4, 1957, a Soviet R-7 intercontinental ballistic missile launched Sputnik, the world’s first artificial satellite and the first man made object to be placed into the Earth’s orbit

    27. Sputnik (stands for Traveler)

    28. Competition is heating up • Sputnik’s launch came as a surprise to America • In the United States space was seen as the next frontier, and was crucial not to lose too much ground to the Soviets • Click next to watch a video Sputnik video

    29. In 1959, the Soviet space program took another step forward with the launch of Luna 2, the first space probe to hit the moon

    30. The first man to orbit Earth Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to orbit the Earth, traveling in the capsule-like spacecraft Vostok 1 in April of 1961

    31. Yuri Gagarin Yuri Gagarin was a soviet pilot and cosmonaut; he was the first human to travel into outer space and completed an orbit of the Earth in 1961

    32. GhermanTitov Titov, the second man to orbit the earth was the first man to take a picture and film from space. Gagarin did not take a camera with him on the first spaceflight, so Titov was the first photographer and first cinematographer of the cosmos.

    33. The first woman in space In 1963 cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space

    34. Venus 3 • In 1965 Venus 3 was launched by the Soviets • It became the first man made object to impact Venus on March 1, 1966

    35. Tragic accident • In January of 1966 chief engineer of Soviet space program Sergey Korolyov dies, thus putting Soviet Union a step behind in the Race

    36. Click here to listen to a radio communication between Yuri Gagarin and Sergey Korolyov: Yuri Gagarin and Sergey Korolyov

    37. Lets have a quick review!

    38. True or False Vostok was America’s first artificial satellite placed into the Earth’s orbit T F

    39. That is right! It is definitely NOT true!Woo hoo!

    40. Ooops sorry, but Sputnik was Russia’s first artificial satellite to be placed into Earth’s orbit

    41. True or False Vostok was the first space probe to hit the moon T F

    42. That is absolutely correct! As you already know, Luna 2 was the first space probe to hit the moon

    43. Sorry, but it was called Luna 2

    44. True or False Yuri Gagarin was the first person to orbit the Earth T F

    45. It is true!Great job!

    46. Sorry, but Yuri Gagarin was the first person to orbit the Earth

    47. Conclusion of the Space Race Click here to watch a video

    48. Quiz time!!

    49. The world’s first artificial satellite was called: • Sputnik • Apollo 8 • Vostok Hint