between U.S.A and Russia By Addis Yilma. Space Race /Arms Race. Context. The growth of atomic weapons between the two superpower. Who were The two superpowers during the cold war. Why was the launch of sputnik so historically significant toward the space race.
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in 1949 the united state had dropped two atomic bombs on Japan to end world war two.
Four years later,The Soviet union built their own atomic bomb.
A deadly arms race had begun . Both superpowers stockpiled nuclear weapon. By the end of the decade,both sides were developing missiles to carry bombs to each other 's doorsteps.
neither superpowers wanted to rick an all-out instead,they pursued their rivalry indirectly by supporting opposite sides in conflict in the third world. These were the poorer nation of Latin America, Asia and Africa.
One such conflict brought the supper powers to the brink of war.
In 1962, President John F. Kennedy learned that the soviets were supplying Cuba with missiles. U.S navy ships blocked the island. The world waited to see if the soviet union would remove all missiles and missiles bases from Cuba.
Finally,the soviet Union agreed to remove them.
Space Race was a competition of space exploration between the United State and Soviet Union, which lasted roughly from 1957 to 1975.It involved the efforts to explore outer space with artificial satellites, to send humans into space, and to land people on the Moon.
By 1960 the superpowers were in a space race as well as an arms race. Americans were stunned in 1957 when the Soviet sent Sputnik, a man-made satellite,into orbit around the earth.
Throughout the 1960s,the two nations raced to see who would be first to put a person on the moon.
Americans cheered as Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin made the first lunar landing in 1969.
The soviet union was a strong socialist republic.
Sputnik, the first man-made satellite, was launched on October 4, 1957 by the U.S.S.R. It was little more than the size of a basketball and weighed 184 pounds. Sputnik was not equipped with any scientific instruments, but orbited the earth once every 98 minutes. It contained a single radio transmitter.
Forty years later, the Cold War is over, and the Russian space program frightens only its own cosmonauts.
That launch ushered in new political, military, technological, and scientific developments. While the Sputnik launch was a single event, it marked the start of the space age and the U.S.-U.S.S.R space race.
They both sent human on the moon.
They both develop technology while they compete to be better than the other.
They brought different type of atomic weapons and made the world to fear the other country.
The Russian sent the first women Valentina Tereshkova on the moon i.
The Russian also sent a dog to the moon.
soviet domination of eastern Europe.
communist victory in China.
Distrust between united state and soviet union.
Truman Doctrine and Marshall plan.
founding of NATO and Warsaw pact.
East West tension.