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WARM UP Write down your homework assignment due next class (both 1 & 2 are for homework) 1. copy all the vocabulary terms and names on page 254 into your interactive notebook or on a separate sheet of paper that you will attach into your interactive notebook 9L

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Write down your homework assignment due next class

(both 1 & 2 are for homework)

1. copy all the vocabulary terms and names on page 254 into your interactive notebook or on a separate sheet of paper that you will attach into your interactive notebook 9L

2. You are REQUIRED to read pages 254-259

The following you are to do NOW!!!!!

Copy charts on 9R – As you read fill in chart


Comparing – means looking for similarities (What is the same?)

Contrasting – means looking for differences (What is different?)


Ancient Greece & Rome

By Ms. Weinberg


In this lesson, we will study the Ancient cultures of Greece & Rome

You may be surprised to find out how much we learned from these people of long ago…


The people of Ancient Greece & Rome made many contributions to today’s society.

  • Some of those contributions were in:





A contribution is

the act of giving or doing something

***The ancient Greeks & Romans made contributions

by giving people today ideas for architecture, government, and sports.


The Greeks used columns when they designed many buildings.

This is a column

This is a picture of the Parthenon in Greece.


The Romans used arches when they constructed (made) buildings.

This is an arch

This is the Colosseumin Rome.


Not only did the people of AncientGreece& Rome influence architecture, they also influenced Art.

Can you see the many tiles in this mosaic?

Many Greek & Roman buildings display mosaics and sculptures.


Have you ever heard of the Olympics?

You have probably enjoyed watching the athletes compete in the Winter Olympics as well as the Summer Olympics.

The Olympic Games began back in Ancient Greece.


So far we have learned how the Greeks and Romans influenced architecture and sports. We will learn about one more way they made a contribution to the people of today.


***Our government is based on ideas from Ancient Greece & Rome.

***We call Greece “The Birthplace of Democracy.”

***A democracy is a government ruled by the people.


The people of Greece used a

Direct Democracy.

A Direct Democracy is a government where people vote to make their own rules & laws.


***The Romans used a

Republican form of Government - Representative Democracy.

A Representative Democracy is a government in which the people elect (vote for) a smaller group to make the rules & laws for everyone.


Which kind of government do we have in the United States?

Do we have a Direct Democracy?

Do we have a Representative Democracy?

This one is correct!


Now that we have learned about the contributions of the Greeks and Romans, let’s focus on where these places were located and find out about the people who lived there.


***Both Greece and Rome are located on the continent of Europe. They are both located on the Mediterranean Sea. Both places have many hills, too.

***Pelopennesus – a mountainous peninsula in southern Europe


Almost 2000 islands surrounded Peloponnesus – Villages were isolated, cut off from each other

where did ancient greek civilization begin
***Where did ancient Greek civilization begin?

***On the Peloponnesus and the islands surrounding this mountainous peninsula


The Greeks were shipbuilders.

The Romans were road builders.


Both ancient Greece & Rome had only a small amount of the rich soil needed for farming. Still some of the people were farmers. They had to farm on hillsides


Because of where they lived, the Greeks & Romans needed to adapt to their environment.

Ancient Greece & Rome were located along the Mediterranean Sea, so the people who lived there were traders.


Since there were many mountains & hills, the Greeks built many, small communities.

***Political units made up of a city and surrounding villages sprung up called “city-states.”


***Greek city-states shared common culture and language, but choose different forms of government. Athens and Sparta were the largest city-states.

***Monarchy – ruled by Kings

***Some were ruled by a “tyrant” someone who took power illegally

***Sparta was ruled by an “oligarchy” a system ruled by a few individuals and was a military state (had two kings)

***Athens became a limited democracy where all citizens could take part in the government and make laws. Only free adult males were citizens. Women, slaves, and foreigners were not citizens


***In the early 5th century B.C., Greece was invaded by Persia (which is now Iran)

***Athens and Sparta joined forces. The Greeks won!

***Decades later Athens & Sparta fought each other in the Peloponnesian War – Sparta won

The city-states were so busy focusing on the war between Sparta and Athens they didn’t notice their neighbor Macedonia was building an army to invade Greece.

***Alexander the Great from Macedonia conquered territories from North Africa, Middle East and Asia spreading Greek culture.


Who was Pericles?Pericles was an Athenian statesman, so influential in Athenian history that the period of his power is called the Age of Pericles. In Athenian politics Pericles sought to enable all citizens to take an active part in the government. Payment of citizens for their services to the state was introduced, and members of the council were chosen by lot from the entire body of Athenians.Pericles believed anyone who neglects Athens is uselessPericles believed anyone who fights for their state should have a say in state affairs


***ANCIENT ROME***Overthrew their Monarchy***Created a “republic” a form of government in which citizens elect representatives to rule in their name***All male citizens could vote but only “patricians” members of rich and powerful families could hold the highest government offices.***Farmers, merchants, and craftspeople made up the class known as “plebeians.”***The Roman Republic grew to fast and there was so much conflict that they allowed Octavian (Augustus) to take control and formed the “Roman Empire” under his complete control.


Augustus expands the Empiretakes over Palestine a Jewish kingdom in the Mediterranean.during this time period Jesus is born and Christianity beginsChristianity becomes official religion of the Roman Empire


***Causes for the decline of the Roman EmpireA series of inexperienced and corrupt emperorsDivision of the EmpireConflict with Germanic tribesCrushing tax burdenGap between the rich and the poorDecline of patriotism and loyaltyFood shortages


What’s this?

The Parthenon

What’s this?

The Colosseum

Where can it be found?


Where can it be found?



We have learned about the many contributions that the Ancient Greeks &

Romans made to the world.

We can thank the Greeks & Romans for:


artists, writers and philosophers

theater, science, and government

Democracy – giving people a voice in government


roads, aqueducts, and public buildings

idea of a republic and created written code of law

Legal systems today still influenced by the republic of Rome