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Do Now

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  1. Do Now • Name all of the different kind of religions that you can think of.

  2. Traditional Societies and Islam in Africa World History 101 Mr. Wood

  3. Essential Question and Standard • How did Islam spread in Africa and replace tribal religions? • 11.10.1 R- Explain how Islam spread throughout the Sahara and sub-Saharan Africa and replaced tribal religions

  4. Objective College Ready Students Will Be Able To: CRSWBAT: • Explain how human life began in Africa • Identify how humans lived as Hunters and Gathers • Describe how Agriculture began and led to the first governments and religions

  5. Africa- Where Human Life Began • Scientific Evidence • Earliest fossils • Evidence of humans through evolution • Eastern and Southern Regions

  6. What were/are African Hunter-Gather Societies? • How first people lived • Efe- today • Small groups • Different jobs- Men + Women • Domestication • Sustainable

  7. The Beginnings of Agriculture in Africa and the World! • Farming + domesticating- 10,000 years ago • 6000 B.C.- Sahara dried up • Nile and West Africa • Savanna • Complex civilizations

  8. Society Brings Government and Religion • Village chiefs + council of family elders • Local religions- most believed in one God • Some – Animism

  9. Ticket Out Describe in 2-3 details how Hunters and Gathers live/lived. How did Agriculture change human life?

  10. Do Now • What do you know about Islam or Muslims? • What are some Muslim majority countries?

  11. Objective College Ready Students Will Be Able To: CRSWBAT: Explain how Islam began Describe how Islam spread to North and West Africa Explain what Islam contributed to West Africa

  12. Today’s plan

  13. What is Islam and How did It Begin? • Quran (Koran, Qur’an) • Prophet Muhammad • Angel Gabriel • 5 pillars of Islam • Faith • Prayer • Zakat (giving) • Fast • Hajj

  14. How did Islam spread to North Africa? • Enters Africa after Muhammad’s death • Arab force of 4,000 • Were traders • By 670- Muslims had control of N. Africa • Berbers • Almohads • Almoravids Penalties for non-conversion

  15. How did Islam spread to West Africa? • Ghana- AD 800 • Traded w/ Muslims • Ghana- converts to Islam • Many ppl still believe animism • Almoravids take over in 1076 • Mali and Songhai - Muslim kingdoms 1200- 1600’s

  16. What did Islam Contribute to Africa? • Scholarship • Astronomy + Medicine • al Kwarizmi- • - Numerals +counting in tens • - decimal point • Algebra • al Idrisi • - Map maker

  17. Ticket Out • Give 3-4 details how Islam began and spread in Africa.