Do Now • Name all of the different kind of religions that you can think of.
Traditional Societies and Islam in Africa World History 101 Mr. Wood
Essential Question and Standard • How did Islam spread in Africa and replace tribal religions? • 11.10.1 R- Explain how Islam spread throughout the Sahara and sub-Saharan Africa and replaced tribal religions
Objective College Ready Students Will Be Able To: CRSWBAT: • Explain how human life began in Africa • Identify how humans lived as Hunters and Gathers • Describe how Agriculture began and led to the first governments and religions
Africa- Where Human Life Began • Scientific Evidence • Earliest fossils • Evidence of humans through evolution • Eastern and Southern Regions
What were/are African Hunter-Gather Societies? • How first people lived • Efe- today • Small groups • Different jobs- Men + Women • Domestication • Sustainable
The Beginnings of Agriculture in Africa and the World! • Farming + domesticating- 10,000 years ago • 6000 B.C.- Sahara dried up • Nile and West Africa • Savanna • Complex civilizations
Society Brings Government and Religion • Village chiefs + council of family elders • Local religions- most believed in one God • Some – Animism
Ticket Out Describe in 2-3 details how Hunters and Gathers live/lived. How did Agriculture change human life?
Do Now • What do you know about Islam or Muslims? • What are some Muslim majority countries?
Objective College Ready Students Will Be Able To: CRSWBAT: Explain how Islam began Describe how Islam spread to North and West Africa Explain what Islam contributed to West Africa
What is Islam and How did It Begin? • Quran (Koran, Qur’an) • Prophet Muhammad • Angel Gabriel • 5 pillars of Islam • Faith • Prayer • Zakat (giving) • Fast • Hajj
How did Islam spread to North Africa? • Enters Africa after Muhammad’s death • Arab force of 4,000 • Were traders • By 670- Muslims had control of N. Africa • Berbers • Almohads • Almoravids Penalties for non-conversion
How did Islam spread to West Africa? • Ghana- AD 800 • Traded w/ Muslims • Ghana- converts to Islam • Many ppl still believe animism • Almoravids take over in 1076 • Mali and Songhai - Muslim kingdoms 1200- 1600’s
What did Islam Contribute to Africa? • Scholarship • Astronomy + Medicine • al Kwarizmi- • - Numerals +counting in tens • - decimal point • Algebra • al Idrisi • - Map maker
Ticket Out • Give 3-4 details how Islam began and spread in Africa.