Do Now On a scale from 1 to 10, how would you rate your knowledge of grammar? Explain your rating. Greek Roots!
“Pos” and “Stas, Stat” • Pos • Apropos – with regard to • Depose – to remove from office or power • Stas, Stat • Static – having no motion or change • Ecstasy – intense joy or delight • Stasis – condition in which there is no change
Semi-Colon vs. Comma • My favorite semi-colon infographic! http://theoatmeal.com/comics/semicolon • In short, a semi-colon connects independent clauses, or sentences that could be by themselves that you want to be together. If you use a comma here on accident, it’s called a comma splice. • While you don’t use a semi-colon with conjunctions like and, but, or, etc. You do use one with transitional expressions / words like however, nevertheless, etc.
What’s a Run-On? • A run-on sentence is simply a sentence that is actually more than once sentence. They have been squished together unceremoniously without the commas and semi-colons they justly deserve. • They don’t have to be really long, though they often are. If you use a comma instead of a semi-colon and make a comma splice, that is also a run-on sentence.
Fragments? • A fragment is an incomplete sentence. It cannot stand alone for one of several possible reasons: • It does not contain a subject and a verb • It is a subordinate clause – ie. It needs to be with something else. A subordinate clause modifies what we know or adds information. • This is often seen when you use a dependent phrase like “even though,” which makes your clause unable to be by itself anymore.
Homophones There, Their, They’re There – Their – They’re -
Grammar / Editing Practice • Read the 10 sentences, circle the errors, and then re-write the sentence so that it is grammatically correct. • Not all sentences contain an error. • They may contain one or more errors. • Good luck!
Editing • Editing it about making something into a final draft. It should be professional quality work. • Authors have editors and copy editors. This means, people who help with revision as well as people that look for spelling and grammar errors. • This means: final draft = no little errors (They can’t publish that!)
Why It’s Important Nothing degrades your audience’s perceived perception of your intelligence faster than simple grammatical errors that you are expected by society to know. • “There are two typos of people in this world: those who can edit, and those who can't.” ― Jarod Kintz
Editing Your Essay • We are going to choose random partners to work on editing and revising your essays again. • Read it backwards. Pay attention. Mumble out loud. If you think it sounds strange, even if you don’t know for sure, underline or highlight it and write “awk” so they know. Write everywhere.
Homework • Final draft is due next Tuesday! • As you continue to work on them, remember: • “Kill your darlings, kill your darlings, even when it breaks your egocentric little scribbler’s heart, kill your darlings.” ― Stephen King,