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NATO. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization. What is NATO?. A political organization A military organization “NATO’s fundamental role and enduring purpose is to safeguard the freedom and security of its member countries by political and military means.”.

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Presentation Transcript
  • The North Atlantic Treaty Organization
what is nato
What is NATO?
  • A political organization
  • A military organization
  • “NATO’s fundamental role and enduring purpose is to safeguard the freedom and security of its member countries by political and military means.”
north atlantic treaty organization nato
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  • Military or defense alliance formed in 1949 by 12 countries in Western Europe and North America
  • Original purpose – to protect its members from a possible attack from the Soviet Union (Containment)
  • First peacetime alliance in U.S. history
  • An alliance of nations with shared values. All members are DEMOCRACIES
  • Has been the most important U.S. alliance for the past (almost) 60 years
members share common values



Members share common values


Rule of law


Individual liberty

Peace and stability

Common heritage


The Principle of Collective Defense

  • Article 5 – Washington TreatyAn armed attack against one or more members considered as an attack against all
  • This is the bedrock of the treatyThe right to self-defence – Article 51 UN Charter
  • Operate when and where necessary to fight terrorismNo geographic limitation – foreign ministers at Reykjavik, May 2002
nato treaty article 5
NATO Treaty – Article 5
  • “The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all…”
  • No NATO member was ever attacked during the Cold War – it never had to use its military forces
  • The first (and only) time a NATO member was attacked was…
    • September 11, 2001
who is in nato
Who is in NATO?
  • 1949 – 12 Original Members
    • U.S. Canada Britain
    • France Iceland Portugal
    • Belgium Netherlands Luxembourg
  • 1952 – A Little Farther from the North Atlantic (Demonstration of Truman Doctrine)
    • Greece Turkey
  • 1954 – A New Democracy
    • Germany
  • 1982 – Death of Fascist Dictator Franco
    • Spain
the warsaw pact
The Warsaw Pact
  • 1955 - The Soviet response to the creation of NATO
  • Consisted of the Soviet Union and its six satellite countries in Eastern Europe
    • East Germany
    • Poland
    • Hungary
    • Czechoslovakia
    • Bulgaria
    • Romania
  • The Warsaw Pact no longer exists
eastward expansion
Eastward Expansion
  • As democracy spread throughout Eastern Europe, NATO is adding new members
  • 1999 – Three former Warsaw Pact members were admitted into NATO
    • Poland
    • Hungary
    • The Czech Republic
  • 2002 – Seven former communist states in Eastern Europe added
    • Estonia
    • Latvia
    • Lithuania
    • Slovenia
    • Slovakia
    • Bulgaria
  • How do you think Russia feels about this?
what nato does today besides collective defense
What NATO Does Today(besides collective defense)

Key areas of practical cooperation

  • Defence reform and modernization of armed forces
  • Capabilities for multinational crisis-management operations
  • Terrorism and new security challenges
  • Disaster-preparedness and response
  • Scientific and environmental cooperation
nato russia council
NATO-Russia Council
  • NATO-Russia Council
  • This was a RAPPROCHEMENT between NATO and Russia
  • May 2002 – Both sides signed an agreement
  • Russia WILL:
    • Be given a say at the table with the 26 NATO members
    • Be an “equal partner” in discussions on key topics
nato russia council1
NATO-Russia Council
  • Russia WILL NOT:
    • Be a member of NATO
    • Be bound by NATO’s defense pact
    • Have a veto over NATO’s decisions
    • Have a vote over NATO’s expansion