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Sustainable Livelihood approach for assessing community’s resilience to climate variability and change /A case study from Sudan. Second International Conference on Climate Impacts Assessment (SICCIA) June 28-July 2, 2004 Grainau, Germany. By Dr.Balgis Osman Elasha
Second International Conference
Impacts Assessment (SICCIA)
June 28-July 2, 2004Grainau, Germany
Dr.Balgis Osman Elasha
PI AIACC-AF 14 Project
The Higher Council for Environment & Natural Resources
(HCENR) Sudan & Stockholm Environment Institute –
Boston Center (SEI_B)
1.Livelihoods are the ways people make a living, including how they distribute their productive resources and the types of activities in which they are engaged
2. Sustainable Livelihood
Livelihood assessment is a way of looking at how an individual, a household or a community behaves under specific frame conditions.
Through analysis of the impacts of coping and adaptive strategies pursued by individuals and communities as a response to external shocks and stresses such as drought, civil strife and policy failures
The SL approach helps researchers to:
SL/Environmental Management Measures (SL/EM): like rangelands management, micro-catchments restoration, soil management, etc., each of which involves an array of specific measures (e.g., water harvesting, intercropping, livestock diversification, windbreak construction, reforestation
Case Studies were employed to explore example where local knowledge (e.g. traditional, indigenous autonomous and informal) and/ or external knowledge (formal, technical, directed) has been applied within a target community in the form of SL/NRM strategy to enable the community to cope with or adapt to climate–related stress. Each Case study will also provide an assessment of the local and national policies and conditions that support or inhibit the measures
Pilot case study
To demonstrate the use of sustainable livelihood framework for measuring the adaptive capacity of local communities to climate change impacts the following pilot case study was being conducted under the umbrella of Sudan - AIACC –AF14 project
Community-Based Rangeland Rehabilitation for Carbon Sequestration and Biodiversity.
a) to sequester carbon through the implementation of a sustainable, local-level natural resources management system that prevents degradation, rehabilitates or improves rangelands; and
b) to reduce the risks of production failure in a drought-prone area by providing alternatives for sustainable production, so that out-migration will decrease and population will stabilize”
A group of villages undertook a package of SL measures, designed to regenerate and conserve the degraded rangelands upon which their community depends.
The primary tool employed in this assessment is the sustainable livelihood impact assessment methods for assessing project impacts on target communities.
Objective: To measure the impact of the project intervention on the community coping/adaptive capacity through the employment of a range of data collection methods, a combination of quantitative and qualitative indicators.
are descriptions of HH circumstances developed in a participatory manner with the community in question.
“worse case” snapshot.
Two types of indicators were identified:
1- Short-term indicators include:
- economic - e.g., crop productivity, livestock productivity, local grain reserves;
- ecological - e.g., biomass, soil water balance; and
2- Longer-term resilience indicators which are more qualitative, aimed at capturing intangibles such as the level of economic, ecological and social stability within a system or community
Approach to survey/interviews:
A word picture of household’s access to natural resources (natural capital)
Adapted from Bond and Mukherjee (2002)
The micro-policies in the project area were influenced by the following bodies:
Using this as a tool in adaptation assessment can help to: