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10.7 The Process & Politics of Lawmaking

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10.7 The Process & Politics of Lawmaking

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  1. 10.7 The Process & Politics of Lawmaking

  2. AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  3. Basic Steps in Lawmaking • Introduce • Committee Assignment • Floor Action • Presidential Action AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  4. House Senate How a Bill Becomes Law Introduction (hopper) Introduction (From floor or as an amendment) Committee Committee (Speaker Assigns) Subcommittee Hearings / Markup Subcommittee Hearings / Markup Reported Out Reported Out Rules committee House Calendars President (Signs, Veto, Pocket Veto) Floor Action Debate & Voting (Voice, Roll Call, Teller) Floor Action Debate & Voting (Voice, Roll Call, Teller) Conference Committee AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  5. How a bill becomes law • Rules & Strategies… • Must pass both houses in one term / Only a fraction of bills introduced pass AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  6. How a bill becomes law AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School • Rules and Strategies • Most bills die in committee - • Discharge petition • Amendments – • Used to change bills, sometimes sabotage bills • “Riders” are amendments that are not germane • Christmas Tree bill • Filibuster used to stall or kill a bill (Senate only) • Cloture / Rule 22 (Recent – Cruz Oct. 2013) • Nuclear option

  7. The “Politics” of Lawmaking • Process is slow and complex • Easier to block or kill a bill than to pass it • Allows outside influence – Interest Groups (See “Homeland security, Whodunit”) • Congress is Polarized: thus to get things done… • Overwhelming public support • Ex: War authorization, Patriot Act, etc. • Compromise is the “art of politics” • Iraq: benchmarks v. timetables AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  8. The “Politics” of Lawmaking • Jockeying for the legislative lead • Congress v. President • Democrats v. Republicans • Pork Barrel Legislation / Earmarks • Pig Book (CAGW) • Omnibus Bills AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  9. Public Perception of Congress • Voters have a low opinion of Congress AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  10. Conflict is Inherent in Congress • Bicameralism • Parties & Ideology = Gridlock • Competing interests • All politics are local politics” AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  11. CASE STUDY The Politics of weapons AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  12. Case Study: All Politics are Local Politics • F-22 Raptor • Support the F22 AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  13. Case Study: All Politics are Local Politics • M1 Abrams AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  14. Case Study: the V-22 Osprey For more info on the V-22, check the notes section of this slide AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  15. CASE STUDY The Politics of Health care AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  16. CASE STUDY: Health Care Reform (2010) Debate in Congress (2010)………………………….. …………………....Final Vote AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High School

  17. Finis Perfectus