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The Cold War Unfolds Ch 15 Sec 1. 1. Overview. 2. At the end of World War II…. 3. …the world was in ruins. 4. People wanted peace…. …and needed the world put back together again. 5. But there were only two countries with the power to rebuild the world:. The United States. and.

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The Cold War Unfolds Ch 15 Sec 1


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slide5

People wanted peace…

…and needed the world put back together again.

5

slide6

But there were only two countries with the power to rebuild the world:

The United States

and

The Soviet Union

And, they were total opposites.

6

slide9

But the Soviet Union wanted neither democracy nor capitalism…

…they wanted autocracy and communism.

9

slide10

The competition became known as the “Cold War”…

…and it split the industrialized world in two.

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slide11

For the next 30 years, the two clashed over…

…China’s communist revolution…

11

slide12

For the next 30 years, the two clashed over…

…the creation of Hydrogen Bombs…

12

slide14

For the next 30 years, the two clashed over…

…the Cuban Missile Crisis…

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slide15

For the next 30 years, the two clashed over…

…the exploration of space…

15

slide18
QW
  • What does playing with an atomic bomb toy say about a culture?
  • 2 Min.
define cold war
Define Cold War
  • The strategic and political struggle that developed after WWII between the United States and it’s Western European allies and the Soviet Union and Eastern European allies
  • Democracy vs. Communism

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Poll: Who were the cold war superpowers?

the cold war
The Cold War
  • Threat of the spread of Communism led to policy of containment
  • US declared to take what ever economic and military means necessary to stop the spread of communism

22

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Poll: Policy to stop the spread of communism?

two sides of cold war
NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization

USA, France, Great Britain, West Germany

CAPITALISM

Warsaw Pact – pro Soviet countries – USSR, and all countries controlled by the USSR.

COMMUNISM

Two sides of Cold War

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slide25

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949)

  • United States
  • Belgium
  • Britain
  • Canada
  • Denmark
  • France
  • Iceland
  • Italy
  • Luxemburg
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Portugal
  • 1952: Greece & Turkey
  • 1955: West Germany
  • 1983: Spain

25

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Poll: Principle power of NATO?

slide27

Warsaw Pact (1955)

  • U. S. S. R.
  • Albania
  • Bulgaria
  • Czechoslovakia
  • East Germany
  • Hungary
  • Poland
  • Rumania

27

slide29

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Poll: Principle power of the Warsaw pact?

yalta

Yalta

Feb 1945

Big Three

FDR

Churchill

Stalin

Agreement to govern Germany jointly

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Poll: Where did the big three meet to divide G...

slide35

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Poll: The big three divided Germany into ___ s...

slide36

Iron Curtain –

A term used by

Winston Churchill

to describe the

separating of

Those communist

lands of East

Europe from the

West.

36

slide37

The “Iron Curtain”

Link

From Stettin in the Balkans, to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lies the ancient capitals of Central and Eastern Europe.-- Sir Winston Churchill, 1946

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Poll: Who coined the term Iron Curtain?

berlin wall
Berlin Wall
  • Berlin is Germany’s capital city.
  • The Soviets built the wall to keep communists from escaping to the American sector.

40

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Poll: Who built the wall that divided Berlin?

slide44

44

Link Berlin wall interactive

slide46
QW
  • What does it say about a country if you have to build a wall to keep your people IN?
  • 2 Min.
1968 prague spring

1968 - Prague Spring

On January 5, reformer Alexander Dubcek came to power, pledging reforms and democratization

The Prague Spring movement swept across the country.

Soviet and Warsaw Pact leaders sent 650,000 troops in August.

48

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“Prague Spring” Crushed!

  • Dubcek arrested and hard-liners restored to power.
  • Dissidents/playwrights arrested [like Vaclav Havel—future president of a free Czech Republic].

49

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Poll: What happened to the Prague Spring?

slide51

Nuclear Weapons

Threaten the World

51

ussr s first atomic test
USSR’s First Atomic Test
  • The Soviet Union exploded its first A-bomb in 1949.
  • Now there were two nuclear superpowers!

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Poll: When did the Soviets explode their first...

slide54

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Poll: Spies contributed to the quick Soviet bo...

slide57

What would have happened if the Soviets ever decided to expand into Western Europe?

57

…And it would not have stopped there -

slide58

What would happen if we ever fought the Soviets

Directly?

Lets nuke Modesto and see what would happen…

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Poll: Where did we vaporize an island to test ...

slide65

50 years of living

"under the gun"

Link Bikini atoll and nuke testing7:27

65

doctrine of first use
Doctrine of First Use
  • US stockpiled nuclear weapons in order to initiate nuclear bombing whenever enemy forces threatened America

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Poll: Threatening the use of nuclear weapons w...

slide68
Less money than a large army

More money for atomic weapons of all kinds.

From 1,000 to18,000 bombs by 1961

"More BANG for the Buck"

Massive Retaliation

  • Fighting small wars to stop the spread of Communism was too expensive (like Korea)
  • Instead threaten to use nuclear weapons, this policy is called Massive Retaliation

68

salt and start

SALT and START

SALT – Strategic Arms Limitation Talks

START – Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty

A series of treaties from 1972 to 1991

Limited nuclear weapons

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Poll: What happened to nuclear weapons as a re...

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Poll: What happened to nuclear weapons as a re...

1959 castro takes power
1959 - Castro takes power

January 1, 1959 leftist forces under Fidel Castro overthrow Batista

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Poll: Who led the leftists in Cuba?

embargoes
Embargoes
  • Refusing to trade or aid countries in order to punish them

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cuba embargo
Cuba embargo
  • Still today, the USA has an economic embargo on communist Cuba.

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bay of pigs1
Bay of Pigs
  • The CIA trained and funded an invasion of communist Cuba.
  • The invasion failed, and Castro had some powerful friends!

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Poll: Where did the CIA attempt to invade Cuba...

soviet response
Soviet response.
  • Don’t worry comrade Castro. We got your back!

87

the cuban missile crisis
The Cuban Missile Crisis

Castro had a powerful ally in Moscow – Khrushchev who promised to defend Cuba with Soviet arms

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the cuban missile crisis1
The Cuban Missile Crisis

During the summer of 1962 the Soviets sent nuclear missiles to Cuba

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Poll: What were the Soviets trying to put in C...

slide95

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Poll: The Cuban Missile Crisis took place in t...

the cuban missile crisis2
The Cuban Missile Crisis
  • But wait… why did the Soviets do this?
  • In 1961, one year prior the U.S. had deployed 15 missiles in Turkey aimed at Western USSR cities including Moscow.

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Poll: The Soviets wanted misslies in Cuba beca...

a blockade kinda
A Blockade..kinda

Kennedy ordered a naval blockade of Cuba to stop the Soviets from delivering the missiles

Also that the missiles already in Cuba be removed

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Poll: How did Kennedy respond to the CMC?

the cuban missile crisis3
The Cuban Missile Crisis

Kennedy made it clear that an attack from Cuba would be considered an attack by the USSR.

Finally Kruschev agrees to remove the missiles

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Link 6 vids

1956 khrushchev s secret speech

1956 - Khrushchev's 'secret speech'

In a speech, February 14, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev denounces the abuses of Stalin.

He rejects the Leninist idea of the inevitability of war and calls for a doctrine of "peaceful coexistence."

1959 Kitchen debate

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Poll: What happened to opression of Soviets be...

slide107

Communism and the threat of the atomic bomb dominated life for Americans and their leaders in the 1950s.

  • The threat of an atomic attack against the United States forced Americans to prepare for a surprise attack.

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109

Duck and Cover

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Poll: What happened to world tension because o...

slide116

Thankfully the US never had to

experience a nuclear fallout.

But what would one look like?

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The Scenario:

Nuclear war has been declared. The only people that will survive the attack must be inside the bomb shelter. Here is the problem. The bomb shelter only has space and supplies for 6 people. In order to survive, 4 people must stay inside the shelter for at least 3 months. At hand is the survival of humans on Earth. The repopulation of Earth will depend on the 6 people that survive,

The Task:

Your group is to decide, based on the information given, which people will be allowed to remain (and live) and which people will be left out of the shelter (and die). Carefully evaluate all the information given. Consider their health, experience, age, gender, talents, intelligence, etc.

Next:

On a separate sheet of paper, list the 6 people that will stay in the shelter. Explain and give reasons why each person was allowed to stay in the shelter. Also, list the people that were chosen to leave and give reasons for this decision. Next, choose a leader for your group to present the decisions to the rest of the class.

Bomb Shelter Activity

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What did Americans build in their backyards to hopefully save them from a nuclear fallout?

Checking for Understanding

  • Fallout shelters

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Don’t forget: You can copy-paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll.

Poll: The fear of communism in the 50's was ca...

slide121
Why was there a fear of communism in the 1950s?

The fear and distrust of communism intensified in America when the Soviet Union began to test nuclear weapons

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A near hysteria was created in the late 40's and 50's with hearings led by Joseph McCarthy accusing people of belonging to the Communist Party

“Are you now or have you ever been

a member of the Communist Party?”

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1947- HUAC investigated Communist infiltrationof theMotion-Picture Industry.

Unfortunately McCarthy was making unproven charges and accusing innocents

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McCarthy you are a liar and an idiot!

1954- Finally, an army lawyer named Joseph Welch stood up to McCarthy.

Later that year, the Senate passed a vote of censure, or formal disapproval, against McCarthy.

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Red Scare Simulation

Students pick a small piece of paper from a plastic bag. Some of the pieces of paper have a red dot on them while most of the pieces are blank. Students are not to reveal what is on their piece of paper to anyone else.

The object of the “game” is for the students to create the largest group possible without any red dots. They may question each other as they form groups. The largest group without a member with a red dot wins. Any person who holds a red dot and has infiltrated a group wins.

The purpose of the “game” is for the students to experience some of the suspicions associated with the McCarthy Era.

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group assignment
Group Assignment

Get into groups of your own choice

4 people

Create a timeline for the Cold War using people, events, locations etc for the decade I assign to you

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