slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Center for Social Organization of Schools PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Center for Social Organization of Schools

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 36

Center for Social Organization of Schools - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 192 Views
  • Uploaded on

Center for Social Organization of Schools. Keeping Middle Grades Students On Track to Graduation Initial Analysis and Implications Robert Balfanz, Johns Hopkins University Liza Herzog, Philadelphia Education Fund March 18, 2005 Support Provided by the William Penn Foundation.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Center for Social Organization of Schools' - taylor


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2
Keeping Middle Grades Students On Track to Graduation

Initial Analysis and Implications

Robert Balfanz, Johns Hopkins University

Liza Herzog, Philadelphia Education Fund

March 18, 2005

Support Provided by the William Penn Foundation

research question
Research Question

How early in the middle grades

(grades 6-8) can we identify students at high risk for falling off the graduation track?

slide4
Findings

Four Powerful 6th Grade

Predictors of ‘Falling Off Track’

  • Attending school 80% or less of the time
  • Receiving a poor final behavior mark
  • Failing Math
  • Failing English
talent development middle grades
Talent Development Middle Grades

Reading and

English Language Arts

Student Team Literature

Listening Comprehension

Talent Development Writing

CATARA

student team literature
Student Team Literature
  • thoroughly researched
  • trade book-based
  • Partner Discussion Guides
  • cooperative learning teams
the focus of instruction
The Focus of Instruction

■ building background

■developing vocabulary

■ increasing fluency

■ fostering thinking while reading text

■ providing opportunities for speaking

and listening

■ conveying aspects of the writer’s craft

■ using writing to convey comprehension

■ developing social skills that facilitate

learning

student team literature8
Student Team Literature
  • Materials
  • Classroom Organization and Management
  • Methods
  • The STLit Cycle of Activities
  • Assessments
slide9

The Watsons Go to Birmingham -- 1963

HOLES

Student Team Literature: Materials

Quality Literature for Adolescents

THE GIVER

The Dream Keeper

and Other Poems

Esperanza

Rising

The Invisible Thread

The Cay

The Ear, the Eye,

and the Arm

Sees Behind Trees

Ann Frank:

The Diary of

a Young Girl

The

Library Card

Felita

student team literature materials
Student Team Literature: Materials

Partner Discussion Guides

Comprehension Exercises

that organize students’ activities

as they complete a reading selection

student team literature materials11
Student Team Literature: Materials

Partner Discussion Guides have

five major parts:

1. Vocabulary Lists

2. Partner Discussion Guide Questions

(two sections)

3. Selection Review questions

4. Literature-related Writing Activities

5. Extension Activities

In Addition:

About the Author

So, You Want to Read More

student team literature classroom organization and management

H

L

A

A

Student Team Literature: Classroom Organization and Management

Teaching Social Skills,

Teaming Students, and Managing a

Cooperative Learning Classroom

A Teacher-selected, Mixed-ability

Cooperative Learning Team

Partnership A Partnership B

student team literature methods
Student Team Literature: Methods

Introduction to the

Reading Selection

Teachers use information in the

Building Background and

Preview/Predict/Purpose

sections of the Partner Discussion Guide to activate students’ prior knowledge, fill knowledge gaps, and set expectations for reading.

student team literature methods14
Student Team Literature: Methods

Teacher-led Direct Instruction in

Vocabulary Development:

Focus on high frequency (starred*) words

Oral language work during vocabulary presentation

Talk about

the words!

student team literature methods15
Student Team Literature: Methods

Teacher-led Direct Instruction in

Vocabulary Development:

Work with students to build

definitions using their prior knowledge

and direct instruction in identifyingroots and affixes

andparts of speech.

dis

chron

ful

pro

re

sub

inter

graph

multi

onym

ism

tion

trans

mis

ful

a

ize

ex

slide16

VOCABULARY PREDICTION CHART

Action

Characters

Starred Words from

The Giver

distraught

apprehensive

irony

intrigue

aptitude

Setting

No

Prediction

Student Team Literature: Methods

Teacher-led Direct Instruction in

Vocabulary Development:

Vocabulary as a Tool for Making Predictions

student team literature methods17
Student Team Literature:Methods

Teacher-led Direct Instruction inVocabulary Development:

Daily Rapid Reviews

after activating students prior knowledge filling gaps in background and working on vocabulary
After activating students’ prior knowledge, filling gaps in background, and working on vocabulary …

There is dramatically

more frontal lobe activity

(higher level thinking)

when people read

silently.

When reading aloud,

almost all activity is in the

motor cortex, very little in

the frontal lobe.

Silent Reading

student team literature methods strategies to build fluency
Student Team Literature: MethodsStrategies to Build Fluency

Partner Reading of “pivotal passages”

  • Partner Reading provides:
  • practice in building fluency
  • opportunities for correction, clarification,
  • etc.
  • stigma-free practice, specially for ESL
  • students and poor readers
  • opportunities for teachers to observe and
  • diagnose problems
the partner reading fluency assessment
The Partner Reading Fluency Assessment

Once each quarter a teacher listens to

each student as he/she participates in

Partner Reading in order to assess the

reader’s

► Phrasing,

► Smoothness, and

► Pacing

strategies to build fluency

Choral Reading

Echo Reading

Readers’ Theater

Strategies to Build Fluency

Alternatives to Partner Reading

student team literature methods22
Student Team Literature: Methods

Fostering Thinking While ReadingText

Annotating Text

Recent research supports the notion that before-, during-, and after-reading strategies assist students in making meaning of text1. Teachers using our program begin by building background and engaging students in making predictions about what they are going to read. Students examine covers of trade books and illustrations, captions, and pull quotes2 in textbooks (some call this “textwalking”3). They also skim pages and offer predictions about what they are going to read.

  •   ? 
  • Logographic
  • Cues
student team literature methods23
Student Team Literature: Methods

Teachers use the contents of

Writers’ Craft Boxes

to teach mini-lessons on aspects of the writers’ craft that students are about to encounter.

student team literature methods24
Student Team Literature: Methods

Teacher-led Direct Instruction in

Vocabulary Development:

Composing Meaningful Sentences,

sentences in which a writer embeds

context clues that indicate

his/her understanding of new words

I saw a balloon.

I saw a big red balloon.

During the birthday party, Mike’s big, round red balloon slipped from his hands and floated quickly toward the clouds.

slide25
Additional Activities

Literature-related Writing

(using the writing process)

Extension Activities

(research, exploration, technology, art)

About the Author

So, You Want to Read More

(options for independent reading)

the student team literature cycle of activities

Partner or Team

Practice

DirectInstruction

Individual

Practice

Individual

Assessment

The Student Team LiteratureCycle of Activities
student team literature assessments
Student Team Literature: Assessments

Assessments

Words Out Loud Test

Literature Test

Vocabulary Test

Literature-related Writing Assignments

Peer Pre-assessments

Words Out Loud Practice

Selection Review

Checking Meaningful Sentences

Peer Response to

Literature-related

Writing Assignments

Unit Testsin Standardized Test-format

listening comprehension
Listening Comprehension

Listening Comprehension is a component of

Student Team Literature in which students are

read to by a model reader, their teacher, for about

20 to 30 minutes once or a week in order to:

  • hear a fluent reader read and think aloud, and make meaning of text
  • exercise their comprehension skills
  • learn about literary elements and devices, and types of literature
  • improve their listening skills
slide29

Computer AndTeamAssisted

ReadingAcceleration

Our ten-week “double dose” of reading instruction for students who need additional support.

slide30

Reading

Strategy

Instruction

Independent

Reading

CATARA

Core

Novel

Learning Center

Rotations

slide31
Because of the unique nature of the language arts, all

teachers in a school will use the Reading, Writing,

Speaking and Listening Standards. The standards

define the skills and strategies employed by effective

readers and writers; therefore, all teachers will assist

their students in learning them through multiple

classroom situations in all the subject areas.

Pennsylvania Department of Education

all hands on deck
All Hands on Deck!

Marshalling the Forces

of Content Area Teachers

to Improve Students’

Literacy Skills

professional development
Professional Development
  • Initial Trainings: Three days
  • Coaching: On-going
  • Follow-up Trainings:

Individual andSmall group(can be during team meeting time or planning time)

Half-day

Whole-day

talent development middle grades34
Talent Development Middle Grades

MATHEMATICS

UCSMP Series

5th & 6th: Everyday Math

7th: Transition Math

8th: Algebra

(Alternate programs: Math in Context and

Connected Math)

talent development middle grades35
Talent Development Middle Grades

SCIENCE

Full

Option

Science

System

and other science modules supported by the NSF

and

The Story of Science

talent development middle grades36
Talent Development Middle Grades

SOCIAL STUDIES

A History of Us

By Joy Hakim

10-volume series

  • Teaching Guide with Lessons
  • Masters for:
    • Student Sheets
    • Team Sheets
    • Transparencies
    • Review Games
    • Assessments