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Ministry of Education, Youth and Science. SCHOOL EDUCATION ACT A draft. ROUND TABLE : ACHIEVEMENTS AND CHALLENGES OF SCHOOL AUTONOMY REFORMS IN BULGARIA. September 13 , 2010 Sofia. School 2 1 st Century.

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school education act a draft

Ministry of Education, Youth

and Science



September 13, 2010 Sofia

mission of education education science and youth policies development program 2009 2013
Mission of EducationEducation, Science and Youth Policies Development Program 2009-2013

To play a decisive role in the fight against poverty

To be a deterring factor against social exclusion of large groups of people

Individual success is the system’s most important task

Every citizen is entitled to quality assured education, adequate to his/her needs and abilities

basic elements of modern school education policy
Basic elements of modern school education policy
  • MANAGEMENT of the system : based on objectives, values and strict allocation of responsibilities among the levels of governance; enhancing the role of major stakeholders
  • ASSESSMENT and measurement of : results;quality of educational environment
  • CONTENT:focused on creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship
  • PEDAGOGY : aimed at developing the potential of every single child (qualified teachers, modern school environment)
  • SUPPORT :to children, parentsand teachers
  • CONTROL :based on objectives, values and efficient distribution of responsibilities among stakeholders; improvement of accountability mechanisms
school education act state policy
  • Education is a national priority
  • Children and students are the main asset of the education system
  • Framework character of the Act
  • Introduction of State Educational Standards
  • Scope:preschool upbringing and training, school upbringing and education
school education act principles
  • Integrated systemic approach
  • Equity
  • Free education
  • Secular education
  • State-public principle
  • Autonomy of school policies
  • Right to free choice
school education act principles7
  • Monitoring and assessment of the quality of educational environment
  • Diagnostics and evaluation of the individual development and potential of every child and student
  • Humanistic nature of education
  • Inclusive education
  • Integrated cultural-educational environment
  • Obligatory character of literary Bulgarian language
topical objectives of school education reform
Topical objectives of school education reform
  • Enhancing system’s efficiency
  • Enhancing quality of education
  • Improving equity mechanisms
  • Improving accountability mechanisms
  • Strengthening the role of major stakeholders
enhanced efficiency of education results
enhanced efficiency of education results
  • Additional financing to central andprotected schools
  • Specialized support to children and students from vulnerable groups
  • External national assessment forthe 4th, 7th&12thgradesand publishing of the results
  • A special resource flow for stimulating higher quality of education and better students’ achievements
  • Improving

equity mechanisms

  • Quality measurement
enhanced quality of education
enhanced quality of education
  • Certification for educational unit management
  • Obligatory initial, continuing and higherqualification
  • Independence in defining the strength of staff, size of classes and individual remuneration of teachers
  • Sanctions upon poor delegated budget management or negative attestation
  • Strong school leadership
greater compatibility between school policies and needs
Greater compatibility between school policies and needs
  • School autonomy: school curricula, school regulations, extra-curricula activities plan, qualification activities plan
  • Power of teachers to freely define the means and methods of educative process
  • Teachers select textbooks and teaching aids
  • Enhancing school autonomy
strengthening of accountability
Strengthening of accountability
  • National Education Inspectorate (NEI) – an independent body
  • Analyzing: quality of educational environment, ambient setting for conducting the process of education and upbringing, students’ results, qualification of teachers, quality of management
  • NEI publishes annual reports on the state of the system
  • Schools make their budgets public, parents get a copy of the school budget
  • Municipalities publish the allocation of funds on education by school
  • Setting up a quality control institution
  • Providing more public information on school performance
strengthening the role of major stakeholders
Strengthening the role of major stakeholders
  • A mandatory Board of Trustees (BT) approves the school strategy and development plan and the school budget
  • Municipality representatives are members of BTs by default
  • Representatives of the Municipality, the Regional Education Directorate and the Board of Trustees are involved on parity basis in the process of electing school principals
  • Annual assessment of school principals’ performance by way of mandatory attestation carried out by representatives of the Municipality and the Board of Trustees
  • Empowering school boards of trustees
  • Powers to municipalities in the process of appointing school principals