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Counterterrorism Efforts. By: Steven Stitt. Turkish Security Forces. Turkish National Police Gendarmerie Security forces capture Abdullah Ocalan in Kenya on February 15, 1999 Turkish government had to pressure Syria to expel Ocalan Hindered the PKK leaderless for a certain amount of time.

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counterterrorism efforts

Counterterrorism Efforts

By: Steven Stitt

turkish security forces
Turkish Security Forces
  • Turkish National Police
  • Gendarmerie
  • Security forces capture Abdullah Ocalan in Kenya on February 15, 1999
    • Turkish government had to pressure Syria to expel Ocalan
    • Hindered the PKK leaderless for a certain amount of time
villages
Villages
  • Would set up militias to keep the PKK out
    • Didn’t want to thought of as sympathizers
    • Didn’t want PKK to destroy their homes
  • Report suspicious activities to security forces
turkish government
Turkish Government
  • Helped to combat recruiting efforts by going after the grievances that PKK sympathizers felt instead of the terrorists themselves
  • Used the Repentance Law that passed in the 1980s to get ~2,400 terrorist to yield to police forces for a reduced sentence
  • Originally played by a “no compromise” or “no negotiation” policy
    • This changed in the early months of 2013 when the Turkish government and the PKK began talks of negotiation
negotiations
Negotiations
  • Began talks of negotiations in late December 2012/early 2013
  • Negotiations about autonomous region and disarmament
  • Ocalan helped sway the PKK to cooperate with the government
  • On March 21, 2013 Ocalan’s letter to the people called for a cease-fire, disarmament, and withdrawal from Turkish soil
    • On April 25 the PKK said it would be withdrawing its forces from Turkey to Northern Iraq