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2009 DIR Training - Prisons

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  1. 2009 DIR Training - Prisons February - March 2009

  2. Agenda • 10:00 Welcome & Introductions • 10:10 Overview • 10.30 The forms, their purpose and the data collection systems • 11.00 Coffee • 11.15 Form completion and process • 13.00 Lunch • 14.00 Caseload reconciliation • 14.20 Scenarios – working in groups • 15.15 Coffee • 15.30 Recording treatment interventions on the forms • 16.00 Closing session • 16.15 Close

  3. Why are we here? • The Drug Interventions Record (DIR) and Prisons Activity Form are changing from 1st April 2009 • Public Sector Agreement 25 “Reducing the harm from drugs and alcohol” includes an indicator on numbers in effective treatment for drugs misuse - this indicator is to include structured drug treatment in Prisons from April 2009 • The accessibility and quality of prison-based drug treatment has improved significantly over recent years and will play a central role in the treatment journey and recovery of many of the most problematic drug users, BUT in order for it to be accorded the same status as community-based treatment it must be capable of being recorded in the same way

  4. Why are we here? • Data on clients receiving structured drug treatment in the community is collected via the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System (NDTMS), but there is currently a gap in information around those receiving treatment in prisons • Forms are changing so that Monitoring & Research data collected on treatment in prisons is in line with what is collected in the community via NDTMS

  5. What are the benefits expected from the changes? • The new forms will facilitate reporting on prisons-based treatment for PSA 25, and will provide more detailed information for monitoring the implementation and effectiveness of IDTS • Prisons and commissioners will be able to see how they contribute to national performance targets for numbers in treatment • Will be able to see progress of people treated in prison who are released and go on to community treatment, and on the treatment journey of people treated as a whole both in and out of prison • Partnerships will be able to receive information about their residents who are receiving drug treatment in prison

  6. Why are we here? • In addition, data collection and reporting to date suggests that there is a need for refresher training on the forms • Previous training was a one-off some time ago • There was very limited ongoing support to prisons to ensure forms are completed correctly • There are now significant gaps in the data and incorrect processes appear to have been implemented

  7. What is changing on the forms? • DIR: Minor changes - drug use profiling (section 6) modified in line with NDTMS, non-structured interventions pre-CSMA added, existing treatment interventions list shortened • Prisons Activity Form: More significant changes – some elements simplified, and fields added to capture information about when structured treatment interventions end • Form colours changing – Monitoring & research elements will be green (from orange) • Client ‘nationality at birth’ added to all forms, including Prisons Initial Contact Form (NB. Use the current ICF until stocks run low)

  8. Questions

  9. The forms, their purpose and the data collection systems

  10. What is the DIR? • The DIR was developed to support effective sharing of information about clients between organisations involved in their care, and to collect information for monitoring and research purposes • Completed in the community by CJITs and in prisons by Healthcare / CARATs for all clients assessed aged 18+ in England & Wales • A suite of forms for capturing information on clients in contact with substance misuse treatment services via the criminal justice system. Forms used in prisons are: • Drug Interventions Record (DIR) • Initial Contact Form • Activity Form

  11. Purpose of the DIR • Three main purposes: • Continuity of Care • To facilitate and improve standards of continuity of care for clients and minimise duplication of assessment as clients move between the community and prisons and vice versa • Collects a standard set of information that can be shared and understood by workers nationally • SMTA Form • DIR is the SMTA form used in prisons • NB. When a client has been referred in from another prison or community, and a DIR has been received a new DIR must not be completed, instead an Activity Form (section 1,2 & 4) must be completed • Monitoring and Research • Data is used for the performance assurance of IDTS & DIP • From April this will extend to informing PSA 25 • Local interrogation of DIRWeb provides information for managing performance and informing commissioning

  12. Who completes the forms in prisons? • Both Healthcare and CARATs • As a minimum Healthcare must complete the first 6 sections of the DIR if a client undergoes an SMTA* • Healthcare and CARATs should work together to ensure that the DIR is completed, and accurately reflects what treatment the client has started • Any significant changes whilst a client is being case managed must be recorded on an Activity Form, including any new treatment information – again Healthcare need to be involved to ensure all treatment interventions are captured * If client refuses to engage with CARATs then Healthcare will need to complete up to, and including, Section 8 (form cannot be ‘exited’ before Section 8).

  13. How does the M&R data get processed for prisons? • Forms are completed by workers and posted to a data management centre (5 across England) • Forms entered into a live web-based system called ‘DIRWeb’ • Once a month the centre extracts data held in DIRWeb into its national database, the DIP Management Information System (DMIS) • All central reporting comes from data held in DMIS - this includes extracts of prisons data that will be matched with NDTMS DMIS Reports Forms DIRWeb

  14. What is DIRWeb? • DIRWeb is the “live” IT system that the forms are entered into for prisons and most CJITs • DIRWeb is accessible over the internet (Prison service intranet) • Client records held in DIRWeb for a particular prison can be viewed by that prison (but not by others) – data could be used in local needs analysis e.g. profiling of clients - ethnicity, drug misuse etc • The website has a Help page with User Guides for the site and also acts as a communication point for the community and prisons • For read-only access to your data please contact the DIRWeb Administrator for a login and password: Ade Lett, Interventions Substance Misuse Group, MoJ, Phone 01902 703 207 or email: ade.lett@hmps.gsi.gov.uk

  15. What is DIRWeb?

  16. Who processes the forms?

  17. Problems with data collection so far • Correct form completion process not being followed • Activity Forms not being used routinely, or in some prisons, at all • Information gaps, e.g. treatment interventions delivered are not being recorded • Cases not being closed when clients are released (requires an Activity Form to be completed) – prison caseloads on DMIS / DIRWeb are over-inflated as they still include clients that have been released • The impact of the above is that performance reporting is not accurately reflecting the work that prisons are doing with clients

  18. Questions

  19. Form completion and process

  20. The forms • The forms used in prisons are: • Initial Contact Form (ICF) • Drug Interventions Record (DIR) • Activity Form (AF)

  21. Summary of rules for use • = Meaningful contact but no SMTA • = SMTA only OR SMTA + CSMA + care plan • = Treatment updates for client on caseload OR • Client transferred in (already has a DIR) OR • Client suspended, closed or re-engaged Initial Contact Form DIR Activity Form

  22. ICF • A one-page form to be completed when a non-caseload client has been referred to CARATs and CARATshave made a meaningful contact with the client which does not progress to SMTA • Meaningful contact = worker has provided to the client, on a one-to-one basis, an explanation of the substance misuse services being offered, including confidentiality and consent, and harm min advice • ICF includes 3 sections – form completion details, client details, contact details (includes reason client did not have an SMTA) • If the client agrees to a SMTA the DIR must be completed instead • A new “green” ICF will be brought in after 1st April - nationality

  23. DIR • The DIR is completed by both the Community and Prisons • Used as a tool for continuity of care (blue side) and monitoring and research (green side) • In addition to the SMTA the DIR also records the next steps, e.g.: • non-structured interventions delivered to address immediate needs • whether client needs further intervention • whether client agrees to that further intervention • client transferred elsewhere prior to CSMA • CSMA • full care plan, including treatment interventions started

  24. DIR - sections • The DIR has 9 sections plus a consent section for Continuity of Care - the 9 sections cover:

  25. DIR – what is changing from 1st April? • Client ‘Nationality at birth’ added to Section 2 – this requires a 3-letter country code e.g. GBR • Section 6 drug misuse & treatment: • 6.2 changed – tick up to 3 drugs used with Drug 1 recorded as the main drug, and record the frequency for each of the drugs ticked (maximum of 3) • New question (6.2b) - Route of administration of Drug 1 – inject, sniff, smoke etc • 6.4 changed to ‘What age did you start using Drug 1?’ • 6.6 changed to ‘What is your injecting status?’ – never, current, previous • 6.15 changed to ‘Has a first night initial clinical intervention been provided by a doctor?’ – Yes or No, if Yes tick ‘prescribed methadone’ or ‘prescribed other’

  26. DIR – what is changing from 1st April? • New question at 7.13 to record any non-structured treatment interventions delivered to address immediate needs which cannot wait until CSMA – list includes harm reduction, overdose management, brief intervention for alcohol, crack awareness & other • Additional tick box added to 8.1 to indicate where the client does not need further intervention because a CSMA is not required but low level interventions have been provided

  27. DIR – rules for completion • The DIR must only be completed when: • The client is new to DIP and agrees to a SMTA or • The client has been referred in from the community (CJIT) or another prison but NO DIR has been received • Where a prisoner has accessed CARATs in a previous prison the sending prison must send on the DIR within 5 days of release, ideally with the prisoner and along with any other relevant case notes. The receiving prison must check whether the DIR has been received – a new DIR MUST NOT be opened unless the previous case has been closed

  28. DIR – rules for completion • Not all fields need to be completed by both prisons and the community, fields that are specific to one or the other are denoted as follows: P – For use by PRISON workers ONLY C – For use by CJIT workers ONLY • Prisons have 20 working days from the SMTA date to complete the DIR before sending off the M&R side for data entry – this should allow for the CSMA and care plan to be captured before sending off

  29. DIR – key stages • DIR stages from SMTA to CSMA & Care Plan: SMTA complete and client needs further intervention (8.1 = Yes) Client agrees to further intervention (8.2 = Yes) CSMA completed with client (9.1 = Yes) Care plan agreed with client post-CSMA (9.3 = Yes) OR Client transferred to CJIT or another prison prior to CSMA (8.6 / 8.8) SMTA completed but client does NOTneed further intervention – e.g. low-level interventions met (8.1 = No) Any subsequent significant events for these clients are to be recorded on an Activity Form

  30. DIR – Exit points • There are a number of ‘EXIT’ points on the DIR – this is where the form completion stops because the client is not moving onto the next stage • e.g. the client has had an SMTA but refused further intervention, or is being released prior to CSMA and therefore referred to their CJIT • Exit points occur in section 8 and 9 of the DIR and are marked • When an EXIT point is reached no further questions should be completed, the M&R side of the form must be separated and sent to the data entry centre. The Continuity of Care (blue) side must be keep on the CARATs case file for future reference if the client later engages

  31. DIR – Summary of Exit points EXIT points post-SMTA but prior to CSMA EXIT point at CSMA EXIT point post-CSMA 8.1 - Client does not need further intervention 9.1 - CSMA has not been completed because the client has disengaged from services 9.3 – Care plan has not been agreed with client 8.2 - Client does not agree to further intervention 8.6 - Client transferred to CJIT 8.8 – Client transferred to another prison

  32. DIR - CSMA & care plan • If a client was identified in the SMTA as needing further intervention (8.1 = Yes) and agreed to further intervention (8.2 = Yes) a CSMA must be arranged • A full care plan (9.3) cannot be agreed without a CSMA • If the client is unable to attend the CSMA because they will be / have been released CARATs must refer the client to their local CJIT and complete 8.6, recording the code of the DAT they have been referred to – this is an Exit point, so no further sections of the DIR should be completed • If a CSMA has not been attended because the client was in custody less than one month, the CJIT should be contacted (as above) and 8.6 completed (Exit) – 9.1 should NOT be completed

  33. DIR - Caseload • Once a client has a CSMA completed AND has agreed a care plan (9.1 & 9.3 both = Yes) they are now considered to be “on the caseload” • NB.Clients who have a SMTA, with or without some low-level interventions, but do not go onto CSMA and care plan are NOT on the caseload of the prison – these are “Triage” clients, not “Active” clients • Clients that have agreed an initial care plan with CARATs can be determined from the new data field 7.13, but if they do not go on to CSMA & full care plan they are NOT on the caseload • Whilst “on the caseload” (as defined above) any subsequent significant events that happen to the client must be recorded on an Activity Form • Under IDTS a client is considered to be “in treatment” once they are “on the caseload”

  34. DIR - data • From the DIR M&R data we can determine: • How many clients needed further intervention (i.e. CSMA)? • How many clients did not need further intervention but low-level interventions delivered? • How many clients agreed to further intervention? • How many clients were transferred elsewhere prior to CSMA? • How many CSMAs have been completed? • How many clients with a CSMA agreed a care plan?

  35. Questions

  36. Activity Form • The AF is for Monitoring & Research purposes only • The specific aim of the AF is to record significant or key events for a client who is already on your caseload (client has had CSMA & care plan) or a client transferred from another prison or CJIT • When to use the AF: • To update information on the treatment interventions delivered to a client on your caseload (Section 1,2 & 3) • To record info about a client transferred into the prison from another prison or the community, where the DIR has been received (Section 1,2 & 4) • To re-engage a previously suspended client, or to suspend or close a client (Section 1,2 & 5)

  37. Activity Form – the sections • Form completion • About the client • Client is already on the CARATs caseload • records care plan review date • records structured treatment interventions in the current care plan that have ended • records treatment interventions which have commenced as part of current care plan

  38. Activity Form – the sections • Client transferred from another CARAT/CJIT • records the substances misused that brought the client into treatment • records first night clinical intervention • CSMA • Care Plan • records treatment interventions which have commenced

  39. Activity Form – the sections • Client re-engagement, case suspension or closure • client re-engaged & reason • case suspension & reason • case closure & reason • records structured treatment interventions that have ended as a result of the suspension / closure

  40. Activity Form – what is changing from 1st April? • Client ‘Nationality at birth’ added to Section 2 – this requires a 3-letter country code e.g. GBR • Section 3 changes: • Care plan review date is to be recorded at 3.1 if client’s treatment need changes (3.3) or client’s treatment completes / stops (3.2) • New question (3.2) to record the enddates for structured treatment intervention/s in the current care plan and to record the “exit status” of the intervention – planned, unplanned or intervention withdrawn (3.2 is a requirement of NDTMS – NDTMS need to know the start and end dates of all structured interventions) • 3.3 is to record the commencement dates of any treatment interventions (structured and non-structured) delivered as part of the current care plan which have started since the DIR was sent off (or AF sent off if the client was transferred in)

  41. Activity Form – what is changing from 1st April? • Section 4 and 5 is now merged into one Section. The new Section 4 includes two new questions: • 4.2a – Which substance misused by the client brought them into treatment? Tick up to 3 substances, with Drug 1 the most relevant • 4.2b ‘Has a first night initial clinical intervention been provided by a doctor?’ (clients coming from community) – Yes or No, if Yes tick ‘prescribed methadone’ or ‘prescribed other’ • New Section 5 (re-engage / suspend / close) has minor changes to case closures reasons and a new question at 5.7 to capture the end dates and exit status of any interventions ended as a result of case suspension or closure – when a a client is suspended, transferred or released all “open” interventions in a given prison must be closed off

  42. Activity Form – why is it important • Enables us to see how effectively clients are moved between community and prison teams (and vice versa), and between prisons • Provides information on the range of treatment interventions delivered to clients whilst they are in prison • Without information collected on the AF we cannot determine, for example: • how effectively you are working to get offenders into treatment • what your actual “in treatment” caseload is • what volume of clients you are referring to the community on release

  43. How the Activity Form works • Client had SMTA + CSMA + care plan in this prison: Activity Form (1,2 & 3) DIR • = client on “Active” caseload of the prison Activity Form (1,2 & 5) • Record changes to • treatment • Client had SMTA in another prison or CJIT – DIR completed elsewhere: • Record: • Case closure • Case suspension • Case re-engaged Activity Form (1,2 & 4) DIR • DIR sent on to this (receiving) prison • Record client transfer

  44. Activity Form – some rules for use (1) • Any clients with a CARATs file who have nothad aCSMA and full care plan must NOT have the Activity Form completed for them as they are not seen as “Active” on DIRWeb, except in the following circumstances: • The client has transferred from another prison or the community – their transfer must be recorded under AF Section 4 • The client had an SMTA in a given prison but did not agree to further intervention, or disengaged prior to CSMA and full care plan, but then later agrees to engage with the CARATs in that prison – these clients may be “re-engaged” by completing AF Section 5.1 & 5.2 so long as they have a CSMA and care plan – they will then be taken onto the “Active” caseload

  45. Activity Form – some rules for use (2) • Re-engagement: If a client previously disengaged, or completed their previous care plan but needs re-engagement for pre-release planning, they can be “re-engaged” using an Activity Form – this takes them back onto the “Active” caseload. Re-engagement assumes they have had a CSMA and agreed a new care plan • A client can only be “re-engaged”(AF Section 5.1 & 5.2) if: • They have previously been suspended from the “Active” caseload within the same prison • They have chosen to re-engage following an earlier decision not to engage in the CSMA and care plan process in that same prison – they must have a CSMA and care plan to be re-engaged, this also applies to pre-release planning • Clients suspended in a previous prison and transferred cannot be “re-engaged” by the receiving prison, they must be taken onto the receiving prison’s caseload via AF Section 4

  46. Activity Form – some rules for use (3) • Suspensions and closures: • A client can only be suspended or closed if the client had a CSMA and had agreed a full care plan, i.e. they have to have been “Active” • Suspending an “Active” client: Complete sections 1, 2 and 5.3 (date suspended), 5.4 (reasons for suspension) and 5.7 (to close off any open treatment interventions that have stopped, if not already recorded via a previous AF Section 3) • Closing an “Active” or “Suspended” client: All clients released or transferred who were on the “Active” caseload or “Suspended” caseload (N.B. as defined above) must have their case closed at release or transfer to another prison (AF Section 1, 2 and 5.5 – 5.7)

  47. Activity Form – some rules for use (4) • A client should be suspended from the “Active” caseload of a given prison (AF Section 1, 2, 5.3, 5.4 and 5.7) if: • They have disengaged from CARATs • They are unable to engage due to incapacity • They have completed their care plan and no further treatment is required at present • No work takes place with the client whilst they are suspended (other than attempts to re-engage them in treatment, if they had disengaged) • If a suspended client requires pre-release work they must be “re-engaged” (AF 5.1 & 5.2)

  48. Activity Form – recording client transfers • How should client transfers to the community be recorded? • CARATs contact CJIT as part of pre-release planning* • On release the client’s case must be closed by CARATs: completeAF section 1, 2 & 5.5 - 5.7 • 5.6 = tick “Client transferred from prison to CJIT” and record DAT code of CJIT client is going to CARATs record case closure and transfer to CJIT (AF 1, 2 & 5.5-5.7) CJIT receives referral and records whether client has been “picked up” in community (CJIT completes an AF) • * CARATs send copy of prison DIR, if there is one, and any other relevant info to CJIT SPOC

  49. Activity Form – recording client transfers • How should client transfers from the community to prison be recorded? • CJIT should contact prison SPOC to alert Healthcare / CARATs of client’s arrival • If client was assessed by CJIT they should send copy of DIR to the prison • The receiving prison should review the DIR and complete Activity Form Section 1, 2 & 4 • The prison must not complete a new DIR if they have received one from the CJIT CJIT contact prison SPOC and send copy of DIR Healthcare / CARATs review DIR and complete AF 1, 2 & 4

  50. Activity Form – recording client transfers • How should client transfers to other prisons be recorded? • Prison to Prison transfers follows very similar process and similar form completion • CARATs transferring the client close the case, completing Activity Form 1, 2 & 5.5-5.7, tick 5.6 “Client transferred to another prison”, recording the DIP prison code of the prison the client is being transferred to • Healthcare / CARATs at receiving prison complete an Activity Form when they receive the client, filling in Sections 1, 2 & 4, and nota new DIR