Victorian Age Prisons Prisons in the 19thCentury London http://www.hrionline.ac.uk/obp-wiki/images/e/e4/Newgate_prison_large.jpg
Why Victorian Prisons? Victorian Prisons were built for a variety of reasons • Crimes Increased from 5,000 crimes per year in 1800 to 20,000 in 1840 • Lowering the execution rates • Lowering the amount of people sent to Australia and the New World http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2006/07/victyob190706_228x321.jpg
Prison Blueprints • H.M. Prison • Grey is the old buildings • Pink is the new buildings Hospital Flour Mill Eating House Exercise Yards Laundry Paper Shop Bakery Carpenter Shop Kitchen Laundry Court Yard http://www.flickr.com/photos/kintzertorium/2718633767/
http://www.capitalpunishmentuk.org/newgatcc.jpg Safety Measures • Walls • Cells • Guards • Chains • Occupying • Hard Labor • Long Dull work • Forced Silence • Exercising • Releases stress • Releases energy Methods that are still used today were common for Victorian Prisons
Crime and Punishment Before the changes were made prison was disorderly • Children • Women • Men • Reformation Schools • Women’s Prison • Prison The people who were sent to prison changed in the 19th century. Before it was merely people awaiting trial but then it began taking in sentenced prisoners. The crimes committed ranged from petty theft to more sever felonies. http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2008/07/28/article-1038627-020FD97200000578-835_468x435.jpg
Daily Life in Prisons • Prisoners had strict schedules • Set wake up • Set meals • Times and foods decided by prison • No alcohol • Set work • Labor, specifically hard-labor • Set exercise • Set religious activities • Required mass services • Set family/friend visits http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_g1s3yQwobok/RxaceKSA3PI/AAAAAAAAADY/4rT07ndMNhA/s400/03.jpg
Prisons in Great Expectations Newgate Prison “It was visiting time when Wemmick took me in; and a potman was going his rounds with beer; and the prisoners, behind bars in the yards, were buying beer, and talking to friends; and a frouzy, ugly, disorderly, depressing scene it was.” (Dickens,p.257) • Showing the prisons before the Prison reformation • Pip’s views of the Prison • Bad state • Alcohol Allowed • Unorganized http://www.umich.edu/~ece/student_projects/bonifield/pics/newgate1.jpg
Bibliography Ansay, Serra. "The Cornhill, Great Expectations, and The Convict System in Nineteenth-Century England." The Victorian Web: An Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2010. <http://www.victorianweb.org/authors/dickens/ge/convicts.html>. Griffiths, Arthur. "Victorian London - Prisons and Penal System - Prisons - Wormwood Scrubs Prison ." Dictionary of Victorian London - Victorian History - 19th Century London - Social History. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Apr. 2010. <http://www.victorianlondon.org/prisons/wormwood.htm>. "Victorian Children in trouble with the law | The National Archives." The National Archives. The National Archives, n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2010. <http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/lesson25.htm>. "Victorian Crime and Punishment from E2BN." Victorian Crime and Punishment from E2BN. E2BN, n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2010. <http://vcp.e2bn.org/gaols/section11338-daily-life.html>. "Victorian Crime and Punishment from E2BN." Victorian Crime and Punishment from E2BN. E2BN, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2010. <http://vcp.e2bn.org/justice/page11361-types-of-punishment-imprisonment.html>.