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ROAD TO CIVIL WAR!. COMPROMISE OF 1850. SHOULD SLAVERY BE LEGAL IN THE MEXICAN CESSION?. CALIFORNIA WANTS TO ENTER THE UNION AS A FREE STATE - UNBALANCE IN THE SENATE – SECESSION?. SEVEN MONTH DEBATE IN THE SENATE. THE DEBATE. THE OLD GUARD’S (CLAY, CALHOUN, WEBSTER) LAST HURRAH.

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ROAD TO CIVIL WAR!


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. ROAD TO CIVIL WAR!

    2. COMPROMISE OF 1850 SHOULD SLAVERY BE LEGAL IN THE MEXICAN CESSION? CALIFORNIA WANTS TO ENTER THE UNION AS A FREE STATE - UNBALANCE IN THE SENATE – SECESSION? SEVEN MONTH DEBATE IN THE SENATE

    3. THE DEBATE THE OLD GUARD’S (CLAY, CALHOUN, WEBSTER) LAST HURRAH CLAY SUGGESTS A COMPROMISE – MAKES OVER 70 SPEECHES -”NATURE ON YOUR SIDE” WEBTALK CALHOUN TOO SICK TO READ OWN STATEMENTS –” LET SOUTH SECEDE” DIES DURINGTHE DEBATE – WEBSTER SUPPORTS CLAY – (SOUND) SEWARD - “GOD’S MORAL RIGHT TO ABOLISH SLAVERY!”

    4. COMPROMISE TAYLOR AGREES WITH SEWARD – THREATENS TO VETO THE BILL – TEXAS THREATENS TO MARCH ON SANTA FE! TAYLOR DIES SUDDENLY – MILLARD FILLMORE BECOMES PRESIDENT & SIGNS THE BILL

    5. Compromise reached: 1. CALIFORNIA ENTERS AS A FREE STATE 2. ABOLISH SLAVE TRADE IN D.C. 3. FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW – NORTH MUST HELP CAPTURE RUNAWAY SLAVES & RETURN THEM TO THE SOUTH 4. POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY IN TERRITORIES 5. TEXAS PAID - GAVE UP LAND

    6. MILLARD FILLMORE GOOD PRESIDENTIAL QUALITIES, BUT MAKES BAD DESICIONS ANTI-SLAVERY WHIG PARTY SPLITS IN HALF NORTH & SOUTH

    7. NORTHERN VIEWS STRONG UNIFIED NATION OF ECONOMIC & MORAL PROGRESS ACHIEVED BY FREE MEN LAND OF COMMERCE, ENTERPRISE, EXPANSION OF INDUSTRY INDIVIDUALISM, EQUALITY, MORALITY, SMALL TOWN VALUES REPUBLICAN & DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT

    8. SOUTHERN VIEWS SOCIAL VALUES – COURTEOUS, REFINED, GENTEEL SOCIETY DEOMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT BASED ON LOCAL CONTROL AND STATES’ RIGHTS PERSONAL INCOME 15% HIGHER THAN IN NORTH WITH 35% OF THE POPULATION 15% OF THE INDUSTRY

    9. ELECTION OF 1852 Franklin Pierce Winfield Scott WHIG DEMOCRAT PLATFORM: COMPROMISE OF 1850 & FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW PLATFORM: COMPROMISE OF 1850 Southerners trust him! Mexican War Hero

    10. ELECTION RESULTS SCOTT WHIG PIERCE DEMOCRAT WHIG PARTY DYING

    11. FRANKLIN PIERCE “HANDSOME FRANK” FROM NEW HAMPSHIRE, BUT PRO-SOUTH WIFE HATES POLITICS EXPANSIONIST “SLAVEOCRATS” JEFFERSON DAVIS – becomes a player

    12. UNCLE TOM'S CABIN BOOK DEPICTING THE LIFE OF AN ESCAPING SLAVE WITH A CRUEL MASTER HARRIET BEECHER STOW BEST SELLER (300,000 SOLD) MANY NORTHERNERS START TO DISOBEY THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW AFTER READING THE BOOK HATED IN THE SOUTH

    13. KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT PROPOSED BY STEPHEN DOUGLAS – WANTS THE TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD WITH NORTHERN ROUTE – MONEY ACT SETS UP TWO TERRITORIES WITH POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY – they can decide if they will allow slavery or not Located on NORTH’S side? SOUND PIERCE SUPPORTS BILL – NORTHERN WHIGS DISLIKE BILL –DESTROYS WHIG PARTY

    14. REPUBLICAN PARTY 108 MEMBERS ELECTED TO CONGRESS IN 1854 1. SLAVERY – IMMORAL, SOCIAL, & POLITICAL EVIL 2. REPEAL KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT 3. AGAINST THE EXPANSION OF SLAVERY

    15. BATTLE FOR KANSAS RACE TO SETTLE KANSAS (ABOLITIONISTS & MISSOURI – pro-slavery) 1854- KANSAS ELECTS PROSLAVERY CONGRESSMEN & LEGISLATURE – 6,000 VOTES ONLY 2,000 RESIDENTS - PIERCE INVESTIGATES BUT DOES NOTHING! Kansas has 2 governments: Slave - (LeCompton) & Free (Topeka) Pierce would only recognize LeCompton

    16. BLEEDING KANSAS BOTH SIDES RECRUIT MEN TO FIGHT Sack of Lawrence ~ 800 men rode to Lawrence to arrest the antislavery leaders (they had left) so the mob burned Lawrence

    17. BLEEDING KANSAS Pottawatomie Massacre “fight fire with fire” John Brown & his men killed 5 pro-slavery men. They dragged them from their cabins and killed them with swords. Kansas went into civil war ~ results in about 200 deaths NEW GOVERNER WITH FEDERAL TROOPS KANSAS CONTINUES TO BE DESTOYED! PRECURSER TO CIVIL WAR

    18. VIOLENCE IN THE SENATE KANSAS DEBATE HEATS UP IN CONGRESS SEN. Charles Sumner, abolitionist, gives “CRIMES AGAINST KANSAS” speech– SOUTH FEELS INSULTED (personally insults Sen. Andrew Pickens Butler. SUMNER BROOKS SEN. BUTLER’S NEPHEW BEATS SUMNER WITH A CANE ON THE SENATE FLOOR!