The Road to Civil War. Chapter 15. A Nation Dividing 15-2. Slavery in the West 15-1. Challenges to Slavery 15-3. Secession and War 15-4. Slavery in the West. Pages 436-439. The Missouri Compromise.
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Slavery in the West
Challenges to Slavery
Secession and War
Answer: The North and the South had different political and economic interest. Each side felt these interest would be ignored if senators from the other section was in control of the Senate.
Answer Wilmot’s proposal would have prohibited slavery in many new territories, which would not have been acceptable to the South.
Calhoun’s proposal would have allowed slavery in all new Western lands, which would have been opposed by the North.
Answer: The admittance of California as a free state and the abolishment of the slave trade in Washington, D.C. satisfied the North.
The New Mexico Territory would be open to slavery and there would be a stronger Fugitive Slave law which pleased the South.
Answer: Some people did not support slavery and they felt that the law was morally wrong.
Answer: The Kansas-Nebraska Act opened the door to slavery in the Kansas and Nebraska territories. It overturned a previous agreement , the Compromise of 1820, which said that areas north of the 36, 30 parallel, which included Kansas and Nebraska, would be free of slavery.
Answer: In an election that chose a proslavery legislature, there were more votes cast then there were voters in Kansas.
Answer: Northern antislavery forces protested the Dred Scott decision, while Southern slaveholders were pleased with the decision. John Brown’s attempt to arm enslaved African Americans and start a revolt in the South had been encouraged and financed by Northern abolitionist, convincing Southerners that the North was conspiring to end slavery any way the could.
Answer: The Republican Party’s strength was basically in the North, where Lincoln, the Republican candidate for president received most of his votes in the 1860 election. In fact, Lincoln’s name did not even appear on most ballots in the South.
Answer: The Southern states said that they had joined the Union voluntarily, so they had the right to leave. They also stated that the Constitution was a voluntary contract among independent states, which the government had broken by refusing to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act and by refusing to give slave states equal access to the Western territories.
Answer: The Confederacy wanted to drive home the point that it sis not want reconciliation with the Union and intended to fight to maintain itself as a separate nation.