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Chapter 2: Structure of Spanish. Teaching Reading Sourcebook 2 nd Edition. Spanish Letter/Sound System. In Spanish spoken in the Americas, there is a nearly one-to-one correspondence between the 22 phonemes and the 29 letters that represent these sounds.

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Chapter 2 structure of spanish

Chapter 2: Structure of Spanish

Teaching Reading Sourcebook 2nd Edition

Spanish letter sound system
Spanish Letter/Sound System

  • In Spanish spoken in the Americas, there is a nearly one-to-one correspondence between the 22 phonemes and the 29 letters that represent these sounds.

  • The phonetic variations of Spanish consonants are a challenge for most beginning readers.

  • Spanish readers are taught the vowel letters and sounds before consonant letters and sounds.

  • Spanish is a syllabic language: the spoken language is built on a small number of syllables and the printed language is easily decoded syllable by syllable.

English spanish differences
English/ Spanish Differences

  • The five Spanish vowel sounds are relatively consistent.

    • arepresents the short-o sound in spa

    • e represents the long-a sound in eight

    • irepresents the long-e sound in machine

    • o represents the long-o sound in old

    • urepresents the long-u sound in tube

English spanish differences1
English/Spanish Differences

  • In Spanish, the letter v is pronounced /b/.

  • The sound for z is pronounced /s/.

  • Spanish words do not usually end with final consonant blends.

  • Theshand thdigraphs do not exist in Spanish; the ch digraph is taught as part of the alphabet.

  • The rris aconsonant digraph that is pronounced with the forcibly rolled /rr/; thell is pronounced /y/.

English spanish differences continued
English/ Spanish Differences continued

  • The g before e or i and j represent a strong guttural sound /x/ similar to /h/ in English.

  • The only silent letter in Spanish is h.

  • In Spanish the letters k, w, andthe digraphwh are only found in words of foreign origin.

  • Queorquiin Spanish are pronounced /k/not /kw/.

  • There are no Spanish words that begin with s-blends.

English spanish cognates
English/Spanish Cognates

  • Cognates are words in two languages that share a similar spelling, pronunciation, and meaning.

  • Children can often draw on their knowledge of words in their first language to figure out the meanings of cognates in English.

  • English and Spanish share a large number of cognate pairs because of their common Latin and Greek roots.

  • Cognates can be spelled identically or nearly the same, pronounced nearly the same, or be false cognates. False cognates are words spelled identically or nearly the same in both languages but do not have the same meaning.