Unit 1: The Rise of Civilization By: Azizah Abdul-Salaam & Emery Nowell
Summary: History is something that has happened in the past, whether it was 3 minutes ago or 5,000 years. Technology and civilization has evolved over the many years to what it is now. Because of this things as simple as eating it easier because we don’t have to go out and hunt for it. Culture has also changed the way we live.
Vocabulary • Historians- detectives who use clues to discover what occurred in the past. • Culture- the way of life of a society which is handed down from one generation to the next through learning and experience. • Prehistory- is the time period before writing • Nomads- people who move from place to place to find food • Neolithic Revolution- People who were nomadic hunters and gatherers who developed stone tools and learned how to farm and domesticate animals • Technology- benefit the people such as bridges, schools, sewers, etc.
VS. Artifacts Fossils • Anything made by humans EX. tools, coins, buildings, weapons, pottery artwork. • Old Stone Age, is from at least 2 million B.C. to about 10,000 B.C. • The remains of living things. Plants, animals, people, not things that were made. • New Stone Age, is from 10,000 B.C. until the end of prehistory. Paleolithic Neolithic
VS. Polytheism Monotheism • Worships many Gods • History that has been written down and preserved throughout time. • Worships one God • History which has been passed on by word of mouth such as through stories or songs. Written History Oral History
A primary source is something that came from a person that witnessed it. Primary Sources
A secondary source is second-hand record from somebody who was there. Secondary Sources
1) Why was the Neolithic revolution a turning point in world history ? ~ It started technology and culture which led to the emergence of great cities and civilizations. 2) What are the 7 characteristics of civilization ? ~ Stable Food Supply, Social Structure, Government, Religion, Highly Developed Culture, Technology & Written Language 3) What were the four river valley civilizations ? ~ Nile, Yellow, Indus, Tigris & Euphrates
4) What is cuneiform and why was it important ? ~Writing using triangular, wedge- shaped marks to be ale to communicate . 5)What was Hammurabi’s code and why was it significant ? ~A set of laws, it was the first important attempt by a ruler to codify, to put in laws of governing a state . 6) Who created the first alphabet ? ~The Phoenicians
7)What was the most significant technological advancement of Ancient India ? ~ A system of plumbing! Sewers! Wow! 8)What is the caste system ? ~ An unchanging social structure. A person born into one caste never changed castes or mixed with members of other castes. Caste members lived, ate, married, and worked with their own group. 9)Describe major differences between the two cities of Athens and Sparta. ~Athens was a direct democracy that valued government, philosophy, art, and education. ~Sparta was a powerful military city-state where the newborn babies were inspected and discipline was important .