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Chapter 16 Vocabulary. Ten of these terms will end up on your Chapter test—learn them all!. Boer. Dutch farmer in southern Africa. capitalism. Investment of money to make a profit. conquistador. Spanish conqueror. creole. American-born descendant of Spanish settlers. encomienda.

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chapter 16 vocabulary

Chapter 16 Vocabulary

Ten of these terms will end up on your Chapter test—learn them all!

slide2
Boer
  • Dutch farmer in southern Africa
capitalism
capitalism
  • Investment of money to make a profit
conquistador
conquistador
  • Spanish conqueror
creole
creole
  • American-born descendant of Spanish settlers
encomienda
encomienda
  • The right to demand labor or tribute from Native Americans in a particular area
pilgrim
Pilgrim
  • English Protestant who rejected practices of the Church of England
tariff
tariff
  • Tax on imported goods
mestizo
mestizo
  • Person of mixed Spanish and Native American descent
middle passage
Middle Passage
  • Part of a trade network that sent enslaved people from Africa to the Americas
inflation
inflation
  • Economic cycle that involves a rise in prices linked to a sharp increase in available money
plantation
plantation
  • Large estate run by an owner or overseer
viceroy
viceroy
  • Person appointed to rule a Spanish province in the king’s name
bartolom de las casas
Bartolomé de Las Casas
  • Spanish priest who worked to end abuses against Native Americans
samuel de champlain
Samuel de Champlain
  • Founder of Quebec
moctezuma
Moctezuma
  • Aztec emperor
shaka
Shaka
  • Zulu leader who waged war against nearby peoples in southern Africa
usman dan fodio
Usman dan Fodio
  • Fulani scholar who set up an Islamic state in West Africa
stop here
STOP HERE!
  • For Now!
main ideas
Main Ideas
  • Memorize these as well as you know your own phone number!
slide22
The culture that developed in Brazil blended Native American and African influences with those of Portugal.
slide23
One result from encounters between the Spanish and Native Americans was the Native American population declined.
slide26
By the 1500s, the most important element of African trade with Europeans was enslaved Africans.
slide28
Many of the new kingdoms that developed in West Africa in the early modern age were influenced by Islamic reforms.
slide30
Mercantilism was based on a belief that a nation’s real wealth was measured in its gold and silver treasure.
critical thinking
Critical Thinking
  • The following ideas are a bit more complex and require you to think at a higher level. They also require more study time.
what role did the catholic church play in governing spain s american empire
What role did the Catholic Church play ingoverning Spain’s American empire?
  • Church leaders served as royal officials and helped regulate activities of Spanish settlers in the Americas.
  • Missionaries worked to emphasize loyalty to the king of Spain and to introduce Spanish culture to Native Americans.
how did columbus begin a global exchange
How did Columbus begin a global exchange?
  • Columbus brought people, plants, and animals from the Americas to Europe.
  • He also took European settlers, plants, and animals to the Americas.
  • This exchange sparked a vast movement of people, ideas, and technologies.
what were the results of the first spanish encounters with native americans
What were the results of the first Spanishencounters with Native Americans?
  • The Spanish seized Native American resources, enslaved the people and forced them to convert to Christianity, and introduced diseases that wiped out Native American populations.
what was the impact of the atlantic slave trade on africa
What was the impact of the Atlantic slave trade on Africa?
  • As a result of the slave trade, West Africa lost much of its population. Some African societies and small states disappeared.
  • New states, whose way of life depended upon the slave trade, rose in West Africa during the 1600s and 1700s.
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